High-carotinoid triticale – breeding and use

Publication type Article
Status Published
Affiliation: Federal Rostov Agricultural Research Center
Address: Russian Federation
Affiliation: Federal Rostov Agricultural Research Center
Address: Russian Federation
Affiliation: All-Russian Research Institute of Grain and Products of its Processing - a branch of the Federal Scientific Center of Food Systems. V.M. Gorbatova
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Journal nameRossiiskaia selskokhoziaistvennaia nauka
EditionNumber 4

It is shown that the concept of carotene includes several substances (carotene itself, xanthophyll and its ethers), which play an important role in the metabolism of photosynthetic plants and then in the storage of seeds.They are of no less importance for the technological properties of grain and the products of its processing, for human nutrition.The nature of the inheritance of this property turned out to be peculiar: for example, in 7% of the combinations heterosis was observed, in 41% - depression, in the remaining - intermediate inheritance. Highly carotenoid (HC) transgressive triticale recombinants were isolated from populations with heterosis in F1 and prolonged formation. The predominant number of HC triticale (winter and spring) is not inferior in quality to spaghetti spring durum wheat backcrossing HC donors. The dominant role of HC donors was revealed. To create such triticale is also real by means of chemical mutagenesis.Technologies for the preparation of flour, various cereals, flakes have been developed. At the same time, the concentration of carotenoids of the HC triticale was revealed mainly in the endosperm of the grain, which makes it possible to increase their percentage content in grain products (cereals, flour, etc.), as well as products from them on average by 13%.   

KeywordsHigh-carotenoid triticale, breeding, backcrossing, mutagenesis, technology, processing, grouts, flour, spaghetti
Publication date30.09.2018
Number of characters1222
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