On the Language Preferences of Chinese Leaders

Publication type Article
Status Published
Occupation: Leading Researcher, Center for Cultural Studies
Affiliation: Institute of China and Contemporary Asia of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Address: 32, Nakhimovsky prospect, Moscow, 117997, Russian Federation
Journal nameProblemy Dalnego Vostoka
EditionIssue 2

<p >For centuries. attention to language problems in China has been paid at the highest level. In his speech at the 20th CPC Congress, Xi Jinping mentioned the promotion of the “all-national language and script”, i.e. Standard Mandarin and Chinese characters, as an important part of the language policy. Propaganda of traditional culture and preservation of ancient written texts is another important task in modern China. It is not by chance that soon after the 20th Congress, Xi Jinping visited Yinxu, a museum-park on the site of the second capital of the Shang-Yin dynasty, where the oldest jiaguwen character inscriptions had been discovered at the end of the 19th century. In the epoch of the revival of philological traditions, Xi Jinping’s signature in his own calligraphic version with the traditional character 習 is widely used in Chinese propaganda. Soon after the 20th Congress, the importance of the popularization of the Chinese language and culture outside the country was discussed in Xi Jinping’s letter sent to a group of students from Saudi Arabia. As for the romanization system Hanyu Pinyin, introduced in the PRC in 1958, in the official documents it is positioned as an auxiliary device used in the primary education in China, when writing Chinese words in the texts in foreign languages and in the process of teaching Chinese to foreigners or not mentioned at all. The status of the Hanyu Pinyin system in modern China is incomparable with the status of the ancient Chinese characters.

KeywordsChinese leaders, Chinese language, Chinese culture, Xi Jinping, language policy, Standard Mandarin, Chinese characters, Hanyu Pinyin
Publication date06.05.2023
Number of characters15561
100 rub.
When subscribing to an article or issue, the user can download PDF, evaluate the publication or contact the author. Need to register.

Number of purchasers: 13, views: 245

Readers community rating: votes 0

1. Aleksakhin A.N. Proekt pin’in’ tszimu — epokhal’noe sobytie v istorii kitajskoj tsivilizatsii, initsiirovannoe I podderzhivaemoe KPK (Pinyin zimu project is a landmark event in the history of Chinese civilization, initiated and supported by the CPC). Problemy Dal’nego Vostoka. 2021. No. 4. S. 160–167.

2. Golikov A.P. Vlas’t’ i jazyk v politike Tsinskoj imperii (Governance and language in the policy of the Qing empire. Obshchestvo i gosudarstvo v Kitae. 2013. P. 1. Vol. XLIII. S. 278–287. (In Russ.).

3. Sofronov M.V. Kitajskij yazyk i kitajskoe obshchestvo (Chinese language and Chinese Society). Moscow: Nauka, 1969. Pp. 255–263. (In Russ.)

4. Znakomstvo s Kitaem s pomoshch’yu klyuchevykh slov. Drevnie aforizmy (Getting to know China through keywords. Ancient sayings). Kitajskij informacionnyj internet-centr. 20.11.2014. URL: http://russian.china.org.cn/china/China_Key_Words/node_8033215.htm (accessed 04.04.2021). (In Russ.)

5. 董琨: 中国汉字源流 (Dun Kun. Origin and development of the character script in China). 北京: 商务印书馆, 2005. 3–7页. (In Chin.)

6. 国务院办公厅关于全面加强新时代语言文字工作的意见 (The General Office of the State Council on the all-round intensification of the language and script work in the New Era). 中华人民共和国中央人民政府. 14.09.2020. URL: http://www.gov.cn/zhengce/content/2021–11/30/content_5654985.htm (accessed 21.12.2021). (In Chin.)

7. 汉语拼音方案 (The Hanyu Pinyin Project).中华人民共和国教育部. 01.02.1958. URL: http://www.moe.gov.cn/jyb_sjzl/ziliao/A19/195802/t19580201_186000.html (accessed 07.04.2022). (In Chin.)

8. 胡双宝: 汉字史话 (Hu Shuangbao. On the history of the Chinese characters) 北京: 首都师范大学出版社, 2008. 48–58页. (In Chin.)

9. 教育部: 76个国家将中文纳入国民教育体系 (Ministry of Education: 76 countries have incorporated Chinese into their national education system). 教育部政府门户网站. 28.06.2022. URL: http://www.moe.gov.cn/fbh/live/2022/54618/mtbd/202206/t20220629_641889.html (accessed 07.01.2023). (In Chin.)

10. 教育部: 语言文字 “四大工程” 取得成效 (Ministry of Education: "four large-scale programs" on language and script are successfully implemented).教育部政府门户网站. 28.06.2022. URL: http://www.moe.gov.cn/fbh/live/2022/54618/mtbd/202206/t20220629_641832.html (accessed 03.04.2023). (In Chin.)

11. 田学军. 奋力推进新时代语言文字事业高质量发展 (深入学习贯彻习近平新时代中国特色社会主义思想) (Tian Xuejun. Spare no effort on the promotion of the high-level development of language and script in the New Era. Go deep into the study and implementation of Xi Jinping’s thought on socialism with Chinese characteristics in the New Era).中国语言文字网. 09.01.2023. URL: http://www.china-language.edu.cn/#/newsInformation/detail?id=1341 (accessed 20.02.2023). (In Chin.)

12. 王晖。纪念 “汉语拼音方案” 颁布60周年 (Wang Hui. Commemorating the 60th anniversary of the “Hanyu Pinyin project”). 中国语言生活状况报告 (2019). 北京: 商务印书馆, 2019. 027–031页. (In Chin.)

13. 我国普通话普及率达80.72% (The level of Standard Mandarin knowledge in our country has reached 80.72%).教育部政府门户网站. 02.06.2021. URL: http://www.moe.gov.cn/fbh/live/2021/53486/mtbd/202106/t20210602_535172.html (accessed 13.07.2022). (In Chin.)

14. 习近平复信沙特中文学习者代表 (Xi Jinping replied to a letter from representatives of Chinese learners in Saudi Arabia). 中华人民共和国中央人民政府. 07.12.2022. URL: http://www.gov.cn/xinwen/2022–12/07/content_5730590.htm (accessed 10.12.2022). (In Chin.)

15. 习近平. 高举中国特色社会主义伟大旗帜, 为全面建设社会主义现代化国家而团结奋斗. 在中国共产党第二十次全国代表大会上的报告(Xi Jinping. Hold high the great banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics and strive in unity to build a modern socialist country in all respects. Full text of the report to the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China). 中华人民共和国中央人民政府. 16.10.22. URL: http://www.gov.cn/xinwen/2022–10/25/content_5721685.htm (accessed 30.10.2022). (In Chin.)

16. 习近平总书记说: “殷墟我向往已久” (General Secretary Xi Jinping said, «I have long yearned to visit Yinxu»). 中国日报中文网. 31.10.2022. URL: http://ex.chinadaily.com.cn/exchange/partners/82/ rss/channel/cn/columns/h72une/stories/WS635de5c9a310817f312f39f6.html (accessed 09.11.2022). (In Chin.)

17. 学習进行时(In the process of studying Xi). 学习进行时_新华网. URL: http://www.xinhuanet.com/politics/xxjxs/index.htm (accessed 14.03.2023). (In Chin.)

18. 语言文字规范化, 标准化, 信息化建设 (Language normalization, standardization and informatization). 中国语言文字事业发展报告 (2019). 北京: 商务印书馆, 2019. 第28–029页. (In Chin.)

19. 中华人民共和国国家通用语言文字法 (Law of the People’s Republic of China on the Standard Spoken and Written Chinese).中华人民共和国中央人民政府. 31.10.2000. URL: http://www.gov.cn/ziliao/ flfg/2005–08/31/content_27920.htm (accessed 08.04.2023). (In Chin.)

20. 中华思想文化术语 (Chinese terminology related to ideology and culture). URL: https://www.chinesethought.cn/ (accessed 09.04.2023). (In Chin.)

Система Orphus