Inequality of opportunities in the Republic of Bashkortostan: Measurement based on parametric approach

 
PIIS042473880012407-6-1
DOI10.31857/S042473880012407-6
Publication type Article
Status Published
Authors
Occupation: Professor at the Department of Economic of Entrepreneurship
Affiliation: Ufa State Aviation Technical University
Address: Ufa, Russian Federation
Occupation: Associate professor at the Department of Innovation Economy
Affiliation: Bashkir State University
Address: Ufa, Russian Federation
Occupation: Associate professor at the Department of Economics of Entrepreneurship
Affiliation: Ufa State Aviation Technical University
Address: Russian Federation
Journal nameEkonomika i matematicheskie metody
EditionVolume 56 Issue 4
Pages67-77
Abstract

This paper measures inequality of opportunity in the Republic of Bashkortostan and contribution of different circumstances to it, such as sex, age, nationality, type of settlement. Individual income and earnings were used as measures of achievement. The research is based on the data from surveys «Social and cultural portrait of region» (wave 2011), «Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey – HSE» (wave 2011), «Survey of population income and participation in social programs» (waves 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018). According to the data obtained, inequality of opportunity is relatively more important for achieving average thresholds of achievement compared with low and high thresholds. In the Republic of Bashkortostan, the greatest contribution to inequality of opportunity is made by sex, on the second place — type of the settlement, on the third place — age, at last, the least important factor — a nationality. In the Russian Federation the largest contribution to inequality of opportunity is made by the type of settlement, second — by gender, third — by age, and fourth — by nationality. In general, the results obtained for the region differ significantly from the results for the Russian Federation.

Keywordsinequality of opportunity, inequality of individual achievement, factors-efforts, factors-circumstances
AcknowledgmentThis study was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (project 19-410-020017 р_а).
Received30.11.2020
Publication date16.12.2020
Number of characters30583
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