About the divinity of the personality of the Dead in the Pyramid Texts

Publication type Article
Status Published
Affiliation: Institute of Oriental studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Journal nameVostok. Afro-Aziatskie obshchestva: istoriia i sovremennost
EditionIssue 5

The Pyramid Texts contain one of the most important Egyptian ideas about an afterlife destiny of humans – their deification. These texts claim that the dead is Osiris-the King or Osiris-like. The dead is the god Atum and/or the son of Atum who enfolds him in his embrace. The dead King becomes Atum, or completeness/totality of any god. At the same time he does not lose his own personality and his own name. The King as Atum was considered as born in primordial times, in Nun, “when the sky had not yet come into being, when the earth had not yet come into being”. So it is one of the pledges of his immortality. In my opinion, in Ancient Egypt the blessed dead and not only the King as the Pyramid Texts claim, was considered as having non-contradictory divine and a unique human nature. These ancient Egyptian ideas may be closely related to the Christian conception of apotheosis and resurrection.

KeywordsAncient Egypt, Pyramid Texts, Theosophy, Horus, Osiris, Atum (-Ra)
Publication date28.10.2018
Number of characters946
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