“There will Be No Help…”: Newborn Abandonment and Baby Hatching

 
PIIS013216250014214-8-1
DOI10.31857/S013216250014214-8
Publication type Article
Status Published
Authors
Occupation: Assoc. Prof.
Affiliation: Saint Petersburg State University
Address: Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg
Occupation: Assoc. Prof.
Affiliation: Saint Petersburg State University
Address: Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg
Occupation: Assoc. Prof.
Affiliation: Saint Petersburg State University
Address: Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg
Occupation: Assoc. Prof.
Affiliation: Saint Petersburg State University
Address: Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg
Journal nameSotsiologicheskie issledovaniya
EditionIssue 5
Pages47-57
Abstract

The article summarizes attitudes regarding abandonment of newborn children and baby hatches (or baby boxes). We have interviewed 2,000 respondents in 8 federal districts of the Russian Federation, conducted 27 expert interviews and 15 focus groups (N=142) with managers, specialists, and parents. The share of baby box supporters makes 67.2% with the opponents’ share reaching 22.5%. We point out that the opinions of the community in general, the experts, and the parents on the reasons for newborn abandonment mostly coincide. We have concluded that a set of social and economic, psychological, as well as objective and subjective reasons lead to newborn abandonment. Various stereotypes about deviant and asocial behavior of abandoning mothers as well as  stereotypes about their social alienation result in a simplified understanding of the issue. We insist that pregnant women in critical conditions require comprehensive assistance on the part of the state and society which can work as preventive measures. We conclude that a comprehensive state response to the crisis symptoms is needed at all stages of parenting that should take into account the goal of humanization measures intended to support mothers and children.

Keywordsmotherhood, pregnant women, newborn infant abandonment, infanticide, child abuse, baby box, social orphanhood
AcknowledgmentThe study was funded by RFBR, research project No. 19-011-00543.
Received24.05.2021
Publication date28.06.2021
Number of characters29695
Cite  
100 rub.
When subscribing to an article or issue, the user can download PDF, evaluate the publication or contact the author. Need to register.

Number of purchasers: 0, views: 1143

Readers community rating: votes 0

1. Antonov A.I. (1998) Microsociology of the family (methodology for the study of structures and processes): Uch. manual. M.: Nota Bene. (In Russ.)

2. Arkhangelsky V.N., Zinkina Yu.V., Korotayev A.V., Shulgin S.G. (2017) Current trends in fertility in Russia and the impact of government support measures. Sotsiologicheskiye issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 3: 43–50. (In Russ.)

3. Belyaeva M.A. (2012) Deviant parenting in the context of reproductive culture modern family. Sociology and life. No. 3: 207–212. (In Russ.)

4. Betskoy I. I. (2011) Establishment of the Imperial Orphanage for abandoned children and a hospital for poor mothers in childbirth in the capital city of Moscow: in 3 parts. Part 2. Moscow: Book on Demand. (In Russ.)

5. Bezrukova O.N. (2011) Resources and support networks of responsible parenthood in young families. St. Petersburg University Press. (In Russ.)

6. Bezrukova O. N., Samoylova V.A. (2019) Guidance for Foster Families or How Decrease Risks of Secondary Abandonement. Sotsiologicheskiye issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 1: 85–95. (In Russ.) DOI: 10.31857/S013216250003750-8

7. Bronfenbrenner U. (1979) The Ecology of Human Development: Experiments by Nature and Design. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

8. Fenton-Glynn C. (2014) Anonymous Relinquishment and Baby-Boxes: Life-Saving Mechanisms or a Violation of Human Rights? In K. Boele-Woelki, N. Dethloff, W. Gephart (eds), Family Law and Culture in Europe: Developments, Challenges and Opportunities: 185–198.

9. Filippova G.G. (2002) Psychology of motherhood. M.: Publishing house of the Institute of Psychotherapy. (In Russ.)

10. Friedman S.H., Resnick P.J. (2009) Neonaticide: Phenomenology and considerations for prevention. International Journal of law and Psychiatry, 32 (1): 43–47 DOI: 10.1016/j.ijlp.2008.11.006 

11. Grylli С., Brockington I., Fiala С., Huscsava M., Waldhoer T., Klier C.M. (2016) Anonymous birth law saves babies - optimization, sustainability and public awareness. Archives of Women's Mental Health. Vol. 19 (2): 291–297.

12. Isupova O.G. (2002) Newborn abused and woman’s reproductive rights. Sotsiologicheskiye issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No.11: 92–99. (In Russ.)

13. Kharchev A.G. (1968) Life and family in a socialist society. London: Knowledge. (In Russ.)

14. Kostenko M.A. (2014) Social determinants of abandonment of newborns: experience of empirical Research. World of science, culture and education. No. 3 (46): 313–315. (In Russ.)

15. Orliss M., Rogers K., Rao S., Deavenport-Saman A., Imagawa K.K., Roberts S., Rafeedie J., Hudson S.M. (2019) Safely surrendered infants in Los Angeles County: A medically vulnerable population. Child Care Health Dev. Nov; 45 (6): 861–866.  DOI: 10.1111/cch.12711. 

16. Puchkina Yu. A. (2009) Prevention of early abandonment of children in the context of social Orphanhood. Bulletin of the Tomsk State University. No. 1 (5): 43–52. (In Russ.)

17. Ustinova N.V. (2013) International experience in the prevention of ill-treatment of newborn children. Rossiyskiy pediatricheskiy zhurnal. 1: 55–60. (In Russ.)

18. Zhivodrova N.A., Bezrukov A.V., Abramova E.A. (2018) Problems of qualification of murder by mother of the newborn child and possible solutions. Science. Society. State. Vol. 6. No.1. (In Russ.)

Система Orphus

Loading...
Up