The Unified Theory of Psychological Processes L. M. Wekker in Modern Psychology (on the 100th anniversary of his birth)

 
PIIS020595920002257-8-1
DOI10.31857/S020595920002257-8
Publication type Article
Status Published
Authors
Occupation: associate Professor
Affiliation: St. Petersburg State University
Address: Russian Federation
Affiliation: St. Petersburg State University
Address: Russian Federation
Affiliation: Federal State Budgetary Institution of Science Institute of Psychology RAS
Address: Russian Federation
Affiliation: St. Petersburg State Budgetary Institution of Health
Address: Russian Federation
Journal namePsikhologicheskii zhurnal
EditionVolume 39 № 6
Pages102-113
Abstract

The paper is dedicated to the centennial of Professor Lev Markovich Vekker (1918–2001), who was one of the most significant and profound theoreticians in Russian psychology of the second half of the XX century. Vekker was a student of B. G. Ananyev, so he carried on the St. Petersburg – Leningrad scholarly traditions. He was known for his encyclopedic knowledge and academic courage that enabled him to formulate and resolve the grand scientific task of finding underpinnings for basic principles of integrated theory of mental processes. Within this theory, he described the consistency of these basic principles across mental processes of various levels of development and complexity. The revealing of general regularities of such processes was combined with the analysis of their specificity. Vekker believed that this was the only way to systematize the avalanche-like growth of empirical data and defeat a “thousand-headed hydra of empirism”. We believe that underestimation of Vekker’s theoretical heritage may carry some dramatic consequences for the development of modern psychology. The paper describes the interpretative and prognostic potential of the basic principles of Vekker’s theoretical framework, and how useful this framework can be for resolving the most essential problems of psychology, including origins of mind, localization of mental imagery, structure of intelligence and mechanisms of its development, mental time as a basis for memory and attention, as well as various practical and differential-diagnostics tasks.

KeywordsL. M. Vekker, St. Petersburg psychological school, a unified theory of mental processes, naturalistic commitment, localization of mental image, intelligence, conceptual thinking, mental time, memory, attention, psychological diagnosis and correction
AcknowledgmentThe section “Lev Markovich Vekker’s theoretical psychology in the context of Russian psychological science” was supported by the RFFR (Department of Humanities and Social Sciences), Project No. 17-06-00484 “History of the St. Petersburg Psychological School (1941–1991): archival research and study of sources”; Within the framework of the state task of FASO No. 0159-2016-0005.
Received22.12.2018
Publication date22.12.2018
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