Relationship Between the Use of Digital Devices and Executive Functions Development in Preschool Children

Publication type Article
Status Published
Occupation: Professor of Department of psychology of education and pedagogy of the faculty of psychology
Affiliation: Lomonosov Moscow State University
Address: Moscow, Mokhovaya str., 11/9
Occupation: Associate Professor, Department of Educational Psychology and Pedagogy, Faculty of Psychology
Affiliation: Lomonosov Moscow State University
Address: Mokhovaya st., 11, building 9
Occupation: Head of the chair of Department of Educational psychology and Pedagogy, Faculty of Psychology
Affiliation: Lomonosov Moscow State University
Address: Russian Federation
Affiliation: Lomonosov Moscow State University
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Journal namePsikhologicheskii zhurnal
EditionVolume 43 Issue 1

Modern preschoolers are active users of digital devices, which affects their development of executive functions. To study how the features of using digital devices and the development of executive functions are related in preschool children, we conducted a study involving 417 children aged 6–7 years who attended kindergartens in Moscow. The study showed that children who used digital devices once a week had a higher level of development of auditory working memory, cognitive flexibility and inhibition than children who used digital devices 3-4 times a week. Also, the study showed that both awareness of the ability to use digital devices for communication and personal experience of using digital devices for communication were associated with higher levels of executive functions. In addition, awareness of the ability to use digital devices as a means to get information and pass it to others was associated with higher levels of visual working memory development.

Keywordspreschool children, digital devices, media use, screen time, executive functions, working memory, cognitive flexibility, inhibitory control
AcknowledgmentThe research was supported by RFBR, grant No. 19-29-14088 mk.
Publication date01.03.2022
Number of characters21276
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