Anthropogenic climate change and international-juridical activity on climate mitigation. Part 1. From the UN Framework Convention to the Paris Agreement

 
PIIS102694520012719-1-1
DOI10.31857/S102694520012719-1
Publication type Article
Status Published
Authors
Occupation: Scientific Director of the Institute of Natural and Technical Systems, RAS; Head of the Department "Monitoring and climate theory" of Sevastopol state University; Head of the Department of Ocean Geography at the branch of Lomonosov Moscow state University
Affiliation:
Institute of Natural and Technical Systems of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Sevastopol state University
branch of Lomonosov Moscow state University in Sevastopol
Address: Russian Federation, Sevastopol
Occupation: Assistant Director for legal work of the Institute of Natural and Technical Systems, RAS
Affiliation: Institute of Natural and Technical Systems of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Address: Russian Federation, Sevastopol
Journal nameGosudarstvo i pravo
EditionIssue 4
Pages104-113
Abstract

The problem of anthropogenic global warming, superimposed natural climate variability and international-juridical system of the greenhouse gases’ emission control is analyzed. The first part of the work devotes to the discussion of the international activity on the anthropogenic climate change control between 1992 (when the UN Convention on Climate Change was signed) and 2015 (when Paris Agreement was accepted). The proceed of Kyoto protocol acceptance is analyzed in detail, as well as the critic of its principal items by several participants of this Agreement those did not ratify it after all (such as USA) or went out it (Canada). International activity on the quota market for the sale of the greenhouse gases’ emission is described, as well as amendments accepted in Doha in 2012 which continued the Kyoto protocol action till 2020 (so-called “Kyoto-2 Agreement”). In the final part of the paper, the basic items of the Paris Agreement are done and analyzed as well as the its ratification by different countries. It is concluded that in spite of the existence of rather developed system of international regulation of anthropogenic climate change control the total legally binding program of such control actually does not act.

Keywordsglobal warming, Kyoto protocol for UN Convention on Climate change, Paris climate Agreement, national plan of action for the first stage of the adaptation on climate change
Received24.11.2020
Publication date29.04.2021
Number of characters29159
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