Subjective well-being in russian primary schoolchildren: the effect of family factors

 
PIIS020595920007311-8-1
DOI10.31857/S020595920007311-8
Publication type Article
Status Published
Authors
Occupation: Junior research scientist
Affiliation: FSBSI “Scientific Research Institute of Physiology and Basic Medicine”
Address: Novosibirsk, Timakova str., 4
Occupation: Junior research scientist
Affiliation: FSBSI “Scientific Research Institute of Physiology and Basic Medicine”
Address: Timakova str., 4
Affiliation: Scientific Research Institute of Physiology and Basic Medicine
Address: Timakova street, 4
Occupation: Principal research scientist
Affiliation: Scientific Research Institute of Physiology and Basic Medicine, Novosibirsk State University
Address: Timakova street, 4
Journal namePsikhologicheskii zhurnal
EditionVolume 40 issue 6
Pages18-30
Abstract

The study aimed to investigate children subjective well-being with the Students’ Life Satisfaction Scale (SLSS) and its relations to family factors estimated by parents in sample of primary schoolchildren (N = 906, 54% of girls). The study involved 906 children (46% of boys, 54% of girls) from six to twelve years (mean age 9 ± 1.2 years) from Novosibirsk and Novokuznetsk. Family factors included family type, education and profession of parents, financial situation, family cohesion, family violence; parental stress was measured by the short form of SRQ, parenting was evaluated with the short form of the APQ-BF questionnaire; and the child timespending with the family was measured using authors’ scales. Most children rated their lives positively; girls’ life satisfaction was somewhat higher than boys’; children with two parents scored higher than children from other types of families; however, these effects were less than 1% of variance. Correlation analysis showed that the child subjective well-being is positively related to family cohesion, financial situation, joint activities in public places, involvement of parents in the child’s affairs and intra-family activities and negatively with poor supervision, parental stress and corporal punishment. According to the results of multiple hierarchical regression analysis, the only predictor of child life satisfaction was joint activities in public places.

KeywordsSubjective well-being, life satisfaction, family, parents, children, primary school age.
AcknowledgmentThis work was partially supported by grants of the Russian Science Foundation No. 16-18-00003 (data analysis) and RFBR No. 19-013-00034 (preparation of the article).
Received31.10.2019
Publication date21.11.2019
Number of characters28226
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