The Birth of the Third Republic in France Through the Eyes of a Russian Diplomat, September 1870 – May 1871

 
PIIS013038640028926-6-1
DOI10.31857/S013038640028926-6
Publication type Article
Status Published
Authors
Affiliation: Institute of World History, RAS
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Journal nameNovaia i noveishaia istoriia
EditionIssue 6
Pages77-94
Abstract

St. Petersburg was well aware of the development of the situation in France, which led to the fall of the Second Empire and the proclamation of the Third Republic on 4 September 1870. The main source of such information for Emperor Alexander II and Chancellor Gorchakov was Grigory Nikolaevich Okunev, Russia's chargé d'affaires in France. His extensive correspondence from Paris and then from Bordeaux, Tours and Versailles, whither the republican government was forced to move, formed the basis for this study. To date, this valuable source has not attracted the much-deserved attention of scholars of French history and Franco-Russian relations. Meanwhile, Okunev's dispatches and telegrams preserved in the Archive of Foreign Policy of the Russian Empire (Moscow) are of considerable interest. He was an immediate eyewitness who tried to comprehend the process of formation of the Third Republic. Okunev's information to a certain extent influenced the formulation of the Russian Empire's approach to the young French Republic. The chronological framework of the article covers the period from the revolution of 4 September 1870 to the elections to the National Assembly, the formation of the government of Adolphe Thiers (February 1871) and the subsequent conclusion of the Treaty of Frankfurt (10 May 1871), which ended the Franco-Prussian War. The author analyses the Russian diplomacy's view of the revolution of 4 September 1871 and the birth of the Third Republic in France. He explains the reasons behind St. Petersburg's recognition of the French Republic, even though it was not sure of its stability.

KeywordsRussia, France, Grigory Okunev, Second Empire, Franco-Prussian War, Revolution of 4 September 1870, Third Republic, National Assembly, Alexander II, Alexandra Gorchakov, Adolphe Thiers, Jules Favre
Received15.08.2023
Publication date21.12.2023
Number of characters61073
Cite  
100 rub.
When subscribing to an article or issue, the user can download PDF, evaluate the publication or contact the author. Need to register.

Number of purchasers: 0, views: 264

Readers community rating: votes 0

1. Antiukhina-Moskovchenko V.I. Tret'ia respublika vo Frantsii [The Third Republic in France]. 1870–1918. Moskva, 1985. (In Russ.)

2. Cherkasov P.P. Aleksandr II i Napoleon III. Nesostoiavshiisia soiuz [Alexander II and Napoleon III. The failed Union] (1856–1870). Moskva, 2015. (In Russ.)

3. Cherkasov P.P. Missiia Adol'fa T'era v Sankt-Peterburg (20–22 sentiabria 1870 g.) [The mission of Adolphe Thiers to St. Petersburg (September 20–22, 1870)] // Rossiia i Frantsiia. XVIII–XX veka [Russia and France. 18th–20th centuries]. Vyp. 13. Moskva, 2020. S. 98–111. (In Russ.)

4. Shneerson L.M. Franko-prusskaia voina i Rossiia. Iz istorii russko-prusskikh i russko-frantsuzskikh otnoshenii v 1867–1871 gg. [The Franco-Prussian War and Russia. Russian Russian-Prussian and Russian-French relations in 1867–1871]. Minsk, 1976. (In Russ.)

5. Tsarskaia diplomatiia i Parizhskaia Kommuna 1871 goda [Tsarist diplomacy and the Paris Commune of 1871]. Moskva; Leningrad, 1933. (In Russ.)

6. Zhelubovskaia E.A. Krushenie Vtoroi imperii i vozniknovenie Tret'ei respubliki vo Frantsii [The collapse of the Second Empire and the emergence of the Third Republic in France]. Moskva, 1956. (In Russ.)

7. Amson D. Gambetta ou le rêve brisé. Paris, 1994.

8. Azéma J.-P., Winock M. La IIIe République. Paris, 1976.

9. Démier F. La France du XIXe siècle. 1814–1914. Paris, 2000.

10. Favre J. Gouvernement de la Défense nationale [du 30 juin 1870 au 28 juillet 1871]: en 3 vol. Paris, 1871–1875. Vol. 1. Du 30 juin au 31 octobre 1870. Journée du 4 septembre, entrevue de Ferrières, organisation de la défense, délégation de Tours, journée du 31 octobre. 1871.

11. Grévy J. La République des opportunistes. 1870–1885. Paris, 1998.

12. Hanotaux G. Histoire de la France contemporaine (1871–1900). Vol. 1. Paris, 1908.

13. Rémond R. La vie politique en France 1848–1879. Paris, 2005.

14. Trochu, général. Œuvres posthumes. T. 1. Tours, 1896.

15. Trochu. La Politique et le siège de Paris. Paris, 1872.

Система Orphus

Loading...
Up