Factor of landlocked position in pursuing sustainable development. Case of Bolivia in XXI century

 
PIIS0044748X0018051-5-1
DOI10.31857/S0044748X0018051-5
Publication type Article
Status Published
Authors
Affiliation: Roscongress Foundation
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Journal nameLatin America
EditionIssue 1
Pages51-58
Abstract

In the article the author attempts to 1) summarize the most relevant data and conclusions about the economy of landlocked countries, 2) assess the impact of the land-locked factor on the modern economy of Bolivia, and 3) answer the question: to what extent Bolivia's landlocked position hinders its progress towards the achievement of the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Bolivia's landlocked position is one of the key determinants of the country's economy and development, but it seems unlikely that the structural weaknesses of the Bolivian economy can be attributed solely to it. Recognizing their vulnerability, landlocked developing countries must make a double effort to ensure informed and inclusive decision-making, balancing the achievement of the various SDGs together with all stakeholders. With little transparency in government plans and a lack of visible public consultation process, Bolivia's policies for sustainable growth appear to be lacking in coherence.

KeywordsBolivia, economy, inland countries, sustainable development goals
Received09.10.2021
Publication date24.01.2022
Number of characters14901
Cite  
100 rub.
When subscribing to an article or issue, the user can download PDF, evaluate the publication or contact the author. Need to register.

Number of purchasers: 0, views: 434

Readers community rating: votes 0

1. Dunkelberg A. Obligation to Negotiate Access to the Pacific Ocean (Bolivia v. Chile). American Journal of International Law. 2019. Vol. 113, issue 2, pp. 347-353.

2. Macroeconomic Developments and Prospects in Low Income Developing Countries, IMF, 2016.

3. The Development Economics of Landlockedness: Understanding the development costs of being landlocked, UN, OHRLLS, 2013.

4. World Investment Report, UNCTAD, 2021.

5. Financing for Sustainable Development Report 2020, UN, 2020.

6. The Cost of Being Landlocked, The World Bank, 2010.

7. Cunha Filho C.M., Goncalves R.S. The National Development Plan as a Political Economic Strategy in Evo Morales’s Bolivia: Accomplishments and Limitations. Latin American Perspectives. 2010, Vol. 37, N 4, pp. 177-196.

8. Plan Nacional de Desarrollo “Bolivia Digna, Soberana, Productiva y Democratica, para Vivir Bien”, 2007, Available at: //www.planificacion.umsa.bo/documents/1778193302/0/boliviaplan_desarrollo_nac_ds_29272+12+sep+2007.pdf (accessed 12.06.2021)

9. Bolivia. Poverty & Equity Brief. World Bank, October 2019. Available at: https://databank.worldbank.org/data/download/poverty/33EF03BB-9722-4AE2-ABC7-AA2972D68AFE/FM2019/Global_POVEQ_BOL.pdf (accessed 10.06.2021).

10. CEPALSTAT, Bases de Datos y Publicaciones Estadisticas. Comision Economica para America Latine y el Caribe, Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia, Perfil nacional economico. Available at: https://statistics.cepal.org/portal/cepalstat/perfil-nacional.html?theme=2&country=bol&lang=es (accessed 14.06.2021).

11. Katona V. Osnovnye drajvery razvitiya ehkonomiki Bolivii. Latinskaya Amerika. 2016, № 11, ss. 43-57.

12. Doing Business in landlocked economies – 2016, The World Bank Group.

13. Doing Business – 2020, The World Bank Group.

14. Correa L. Free transit from Bolivia through Chile: disputes and Chilean economic expenditure. 2005-2011. Si Somos Americanos-Revista De Estudios Transfronterizos, 2019, 19 (1), pp. 111-138.

15. Ley de Promoción para Inversión en Exploración y Explotación Hidrocarburífera. Available at https://www.cedib.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/07-Ley767-Promoción-de-inversiones-en-actividades-de-exploración-y-explotación-de-hidrocarburos.pdf (accessed 14.06.2021).

16. Gray Molina G. La economia boliviana ‘mas alla del gas’. America Latina Hoy. 2016, N 43, pp. 63-85.

17. Laing A. F. Reproducing territory: Between resource nationalism and indigenous self-determination in Bolivia. Geoforum, 2020, 108, pp. 28–38. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoforum.2019.11.015

18. Hope J. Globalising sustainable development: Decolonial disruptions and environmental justice in Bolivia. AREA, June 2020.

19. Hill D. Bolivia opens up national parks to oil and gas firms. The Guardian, 05.06.2015. Available at: https:///www.theguardian.com/environment/andes-to-the-amazon/2015/jun/05/bolivia-national-parks-oil-gas (accessed 22.06.2021).

20. Burman A. A taste for ecology: class, coloniality, and the rise of a Bolivian urban environmental movement. Latin American and Caribbean Ethnic Studies, April 2021. DOI: 10.1080/17442222.2021.1918841

21. Jeifets V., Pravdiuk D. El papel de la Corte Internacional de Justicia en la solución de controversias territoriales en los países de América Latina y el Caribe en el siglo XXI. Iberoamerica, M., 2019, N 3, pp. 125-148.

Система Orphus

Loading...
Up