A Scholar of Late Soviet Times and His Labour: Working Conditions and Their Assessment

 
PIIS207987840021202-1-1
DOI10.18254/S207987840021202-1
Publication type Article
Status Published
Authors
Affiliation: Institute of Russian History RAS
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Journal nameISTORIYA
Edition
Abstract

The article analyzes the features of the organization of the work of a researcher throughout the late Soviet period and its assessment. The paper is based on both published and deposited in the fund of the Institute of Sociological Research of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR sociological research, as well as transcripts of the Presidium of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. This source complex makes it possible to reconstruct the main features of the organization of the work of scientists in the 1960—1970s and allows us to conclude that an insufficiently high level of organization led to low scientific productivity. Especially serious problems were observed in the field of technical supply. In addition, surveys show low satisfaction with the organization of scientific work, especially in the age group of 30—40 years. It can be assumed that everyday troubles have become an important factor in reducing scientic optimism among the scientific and technical intelligentsia.

Keywordsscientists, sociology of science, scientific everyday life, crisis of scientic optimism
Received18.04.2022
Publication date30.06.2022
Number of characters29978
Cite  
100 rub.
When subscribing to an article or issue, the user can download PDF, evaluate the publication or contact the author. Need to register.

Number of purchasers: 0, views: 157

Readers community rating: votes 0

1. Abramov R. N. Sovetskaya inzhenerno-tekhnicheskaya intelligentsiya 1960—1980-kh gg.: v poiske granits kollektivnogo soznaniya // Vestnik Instituta sotsiologii. 2017. № 1. T. 8. S. 114—130.

2. Allakhverdyan A. G. Dinamika nauchnykh kadrov v sovetskoj i rossijskoj nauke: sravnitel'no-istoricheskoe issledovanie. M., 2014.

3. Vasil'eva Z. 1960-e i razvitie massovoj kul'tury: zametki o sovetskom variante modernosti // Ab Imperio. 2013. № 1. S. 159—174.

4. Vizgin V. P., Kessenikh A. V. Fizicheskoe soobschestvo SSSR 1950—1960-kh godov // Nauchnoe soobschestvo fizikov SSSR. 1950—1960-e gg. SPb., 2005. S. 11—101.

5. Vol'fson S. B. Nauchno-tekhnicheskoe sotrudnichestvo SEhV: organizatsiya i povsednevnye praktiki // «Mirovaya sistema sotsializma» i global'naya ehkonomika v seredine 1950-kh — seredine 1970-kh gg. / pod red. M. A. Lipkina. M., 2019. S. 133—147.

6. Grehkhehm L. Ocherki istorii rossijskoj i sovetskoj nauki. M., 1998.

7. Levinson K. A. Rabochee vremya sovetskikh uchenykh poslevoennogo vremeni // Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Svyato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. Seriya IV: Pedagogika. Psikhologiya. 2019. Vyp. 52. S. 75—110.

8. Lejman I. I. Nauka kak sotsial'nyj institut. L., 1971.

9. Lel'chuk V. S. Nauchno-tekhnicheskaya revolyutsiya i promyshlennoe razvitie SSSR. M., 1987.

10. Mel'nichenko M. Sovetskij anekdot: Ukazatel' syuzhetov. M., 2014.

11. Mindeli L. Eh., Khromov G. S. Nauchno-tekhnicheskij potentsial Rossii. Ch. I. M., 2011. S. 217—218.

12. Narodnoe khozyajstvo SSSR. 1922—1972 gg. Yubilejnyj statisticheskij sbornik. M., 1972.

13. Narodnoe khozyajstvo SSSR. 1922—1982. Yubilejnyj statisticheskij sbornik. M., 1982.

14. Fomin V. G. Byudzhet vremeni nauchnogo rabotnika. Novosibirsk, 1968.

15. Shejnin Yu. Usloviya nauchnogo truda // Nauka v sotsial'nykh, gnoseologicheskikh i tsennostnykh aspektakh / pod red. L. B. Bazhenova i M. D. Akhundova. M., 1980. S. 77—95.

16. Shejnin Yu., Parkov E., Simonenko O. Kak vam rabotaetsya? (Anketa «LG») // Literaturnaya gazeta. 4 avgusta 1971. S. 10.

17. Brown K. Plutoria. Nuclear families, atomic cities and the great Soviet and American plutonium disasters. N. Y.: Oxford univ. press, 2013.

18. Rogacheva M. A. The Private World of Soviet Scientists from Stalin to Gorbachev. N. Y.: Cambridge university press, 2017.

Система Orphus

Loading...
Up