On Forms and Contеnt of Moral Precepts in the Catholic Devotional Literature of the Early Modern

Publication type Article
Status Published
Occupation: Senior Researcher, Institute of Philosophy, Russian Academy of Sciences
Affiliation: Institute of Philosophy RAS
Address: Russian Federation
Journal nameChelovek
EditionIssue №6

The article deals with the main forms and content of moral precepts addressed to believers, as well as with the transformation of the established by the early Scholastics triple classification of the sin: the sin against God, against oneself, and against others, into the concept of the triple duties: to God, towards oneself, and to others. These triple duties are further analyzed on the basis of various genres of the sixteenth and seventeenth century Catholic instructive writings, such as mirrors of sins and virtues, sermons “ad status”, the socalled “home tables”, texts of the “examine of consciousness”, and catechisms. The duties to others are revealed in the devotional literature through the prism of justice, which is regarded as the basic principle of the regulation of interhuman relations. The orientation of this literature on the practical preparation for confession explains the preoccupation of the “popular” religious discourse with the negative morality and the definition of moral demands in the form of negative obligations and prohibitions. A gradual shift from negative to positive obligations in the eighteenth century, found both in treatises on moral theology and in the popular devotional literature, is accompanied by an increase in the degree of rigorism of moral demands imposed on Christians, which was reflected, among other things, in the process of “social disciplining”.

KeywordsCatholic devotional literature, Early Modern Time, paradigm shift, obligations, justice
Publication date07.12.2018
Cite   Download pdf To download PDF you should sign in

Price publication: 0

Number of purchasers: 0, views: 1423

Readers community rating: votes 0

1. Antoninus Florentinus. Summae Sacrae Theologiae pars prima. Venetiis: apud Bernardum Iuntam & Socios, 1571.

2. dTAvray D.L, Tausche M. Marriage Sermona in Uad statusF Collections of the Central Middle Ages // Archives dThistoire doctrinale et litteraire du Moyen Age. 1980. Vol. 47. P. 71Ts119.

3. Bellarmino R. Summariusz Navki ChrzeYsciaYnskiey. KrakYow: Andrzej Piotrkowczyk, 1608.

4. Bossy J. Moral Arithmetic: Seven Sins into Ten Commandments // Conscience and Casuistry in Early Modern Europe / ed. dy E. Leites. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1988. P. 214Ts234.

5. Busenbaum H. Medulla Theologiae Moralis. Lublin: Jerzy Forser, 1655.

6. Canones et Decreta Sacrosancti oecumenici Concilii Tridentini sub Paulo III. Iulio III. et Pio IV. pontificibus maximis. Romae: ex typographia Polyglotta S.C. De propaganda fidei, 1904.

7. Delumeau J. Sin and Fear: The Emergence of a Western Guilt Culture, 13thTs18th Centuries / trans. by E. Nicholson. N.Y.: St. MartinTs Press, 1991.

8. Derdziuk A. Grzech w XVIII wieku. Nurty w polskiej teologii moralnej. Lublin: KUL, 1996.

9. Dougherty M.V. Moral Dilemmas in Medieval Thought. From Gratian to Aquinas. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2011.

10. The Ethics of Aquinas / ed. by St. J. Pope. Washington: Georgetown UP, 2002.

11. Galle A. Populare Moral der christlichen Religion. Wien: s.n., 1813.

12. Grabes H. Speculum, Mirror and Looking Glass. Kontinuitat und Originalitat der Spiegelmetapher in den Buchtiteln des Mittelalters und der englischen Literatur des 13. bis 17. Jahrhunderts. Tubingen: Max Niemeyer Verlag, 1973.

13. Green I. The ChristianTs ABC: Catechisms and Catechizing in England 1530Ts1740. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1996.

14. Grundel J. Die Lehre von Umstanden der Menschlichen Handlung im Mittelalter. Munster: Aschendorff, 1963.

15. Haemig M.J. The Spread and Reception of Haustafel Literature in Europe // Entfaltung und zeitgenossische Wirkung der Reformation im europaischen Kontext / hrsg. von I. Dingel, U. Lotz-Heumann. Heidelberg: Gutersloher Verlagshaus, 2015. S. 66Ts80.

16. Hugo de S. Victore. Summa Sententiarum // Patrologiae Cursus Comple4 tus. Series Latina / ed. by J.4P. Migne. T. 176. Parisiis: J.4P. Migne, 1854. Col. 41Ts174.

17. Isidorus Hispalensis. Sententiarum libri tres // Patrologiae Cursus Completus. Series Latina / ed. by J.4P. Migne. T. 83. Parisiis: J.4P. Migne, 1862. Col. 537Ts738.

18. Jonsen A.R., Toulmin S. The Abuse of Casuistry. A History of Moral Reasoning. Berkeley; Los Angeles; London: University of California Press, 1988.

19. Kruse B.J. Witwen. Kulturgeschichte eines Standes in Spatmittelalter und Fruher Neuzeit. Berlin; N.Y.: Walter de Gruyter, 2007.

20. Langholm O. The Merchant in the Confessional. Trade and Price in the Pre4Reformation Penitential Handbooks. Leiden; Boston: Brill, 2003.

21. Laun A. Die Moraltheologie im 18. Jahrhundert unter dem Einfluss vom Jansenismus und Aufklarung // Katholische Aufklarung und Josephinismus / hrsg. von E. Kovacs. Wien: Verlag fur Geschichte und Politik, 1979. S. 266Ts294.

22. Lehrbuch der Christlichen Religion zum Gebrauche in Kirchen und Schulen. T. 2. Christliche Sittenlehre. Munchen: Joseph Lentner, 1807.

23. Levin C. Advice on WomenTs Behavior in Three Tudor Homilies // International Journal of WomenTs Studies. 1983. є 6.

24. Lillicrap M. Fulfilling the Heroic Ideal: A Triperspectival Approach to Christian Moral Heroism // Themelios. 2016. Vol. 41 (3).

25. Ludovicus Granatensis. Memoriale vitae Christianae. Coloniae: apud Geruinum Calenium, 1589.

26. Ludovicus Granatensis. Przewodnik grzesznych ludzi: ktory to wszytko pokazuje, co ma czyniYs ChrzeYscijanin od pocztku nawrocenia swego az . do doskonaloYsci. KrakYow: Matteusz Siebeneycher, 1579.

27. Ludovicus Granatensis. Zwierciadlo czlowieka ChrzeYsciaYnskiego, to jest, RozmyYslania naboz . e na kaz . dy dzieYn. Wilno: Drukarnia Societatis Iesu, 1594.

28. Petrus Lombardus. Sententiarum Libri IV // Patrologiae Cursus Completus. Series Latina / ed. by J.4P. Migne. T. 192. Parisiis: J.4P. Migne, 1855. Col. 519Ts964.

29. Maryks R.A. Saint Cicero and the Jesuits: The Influence of the Liberal Arts on the Adoption of Moral Probabilism. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2008.

30. OTMalley J.W. The first Jesuits. Harvard: Harvard UP, 1993.

31. Pinckaers S. The Sources of Christian Ethics / trans. from the third edition by M.T. Noble. Edinburgh: T&T Clark, 2001.

32. Procope J., Mohr R., Wulf H. Erbauungsliteratur // Theologische Realenzyklopadie. 1982. Bd. 10. S. 28Ts83.

33. Robertson D.W. A Note on the Classical Origin of UCircumstancesF in the Medieval Confessional // Studies in Philology. 1946. Vol. 43.

34. Rusiecki M. Przedmiot katechezy potrydenckiej w Polsce (1566Ts1699). Lublin: Redakcja wydawnictw KUL, 1996.

35. Schottroff L. Die Bereitung zum Sterben. Studien zu den fruhen reformatorischen Sterbebuchern. Gottingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2012.

36. Schumaker M. Sharing Without Reckoning. Imperfect Right and the Norms of Reciprocity. Waterloo: Wilfrid Laurier, 1992.

37. Sittenlehre fur Volksschulen; oder Lesebuch fur unstudierte Leute. Stadtamhof: DaisenbergerTsche Buchhandlung, 1808.

38. Strauss G. LutherTs House of Learning. Indoctrination of the Young in the German Reformation. Baltimore; L.: John Hopkins UP, 1978.

39. Thomas Aquinas. Summa Theologiae. Vol. 1Ts6. Romae: Forzani et S., 1894.

40. Toledo Francisco de. Summa casuum conscientiae. Coloniae: sumptibus Ioannis Gymnici et Lamberti Rasfeldii, 1614.

41. Tutino S. Uncertainty in Post4Reformation Catholicism. A History of Probabilism. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2017.

42. Van de Kamp J. Die Einfuhrung der christlichen Disziplinierung des Alltags in die deutsche evangelische Erbauungsliteratur durch Lewis Baylys Praxis UpietatisF (1628) // Pietismus und Neuzeit. Ein Jahrbuch zur Geschichte des Neueren Pietismus. Bd. 37. 2011.

43. Weidinger K. Die Haustafeln. Ein Stuck urchristlicher Paranese. Leipzig: J.C. HinrichsTsche Buchhandlung, 1928.

44. Weismann Ch. Die Katechismen des Johannes Brenz. Bd. 1: Die Entstehungs, Text und Wirkungsgeschichte. Berlin; N.Y.: Walter de Gruyter, 1990.

Система Orphus