About the Community and Ritual Activity of Women in the Medieval Daoism (on the Example of Texts of the Stans of the School of Quanzhen Installed in Beijing)

Publication type Article
Status Published
Affiliation: independent researcher
Address: Russian Federation, Kursk
Journal nameVoprosy filosofii
EditionIssue 8

The article is devoted to the study of the female spiritual perfection in the Daoist school Quanzhen. The study is based on the sources describing the history of women's convents “Jade Perfection Monastery” (Yuzhenguan), “Jade Flower Monastery” (Yuhuaguan) and “Monastery Where the Perfect are Honored” (Chongzhenguan), which was built in the 13th century on the territory of the modern Beijing. Based on the above material, which tells about the daily life of women's communities, one can formulate the ideas about the community and the ritual activities of the Daoist nuns of the Quanzhen school in the medieval China, and also clarify the role of the women in this religious movement. The special attention in the article is paid to the rules of the behavior in the monasteries of the Quanzhen school and the analysis of the algorithm of the healing ritual Tian Xin Zheng Fa.


KeywordsChina, Beijing, Taoism, Taoist nuns, Quanzhen school, formal rules, healing rituals, Tian xin zheng fa.
Publication date03.10.2018
Number of characters745
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Additional sources and materials

Ван Чун-ян 王重陽Собрание поэтических произведений [основателя учения] Целостности и совершенства [Ван] Чун-яна (Чун-ян Цюаньчжэнь цзи 重陽全真集) в 13 цз. (1188 г.) [ЧХДЦ XXVI, 273–358] (Wang Chong-yang, Chong-yang’s Anthology of Complete Perfection, in Chinese).

Ли Дин 李鼎. Записи о монастыре Нефритового цветка (Юйхуагуань цзи玉華觀記) (1297 г.) / Сводные описания эпохи Юань (Юань и тун чжи 元一統志) [ЦЮЦЧ,  105] (Li Ding, Records about Jade Flower Monastery, Complete Descriptions of Yuan Dynasty, in Chinese).

Ли Шоу-цзу 李守祖. Записи о монастыре, где почитают Совершенных (Чунчжэньгуань цзи 崇真觀記) (1253 г.) / Сводные описания эпохи Юань (Юань и тун чжи 元一統志) [ЦЮЦЧ, 102] (Li Shou-zu, Records about the Monastery Where the Perfect are Honored, Complete Descriptions of Yuan Dynasty, in Chinese).

Лю Чу-сюань 劉處玄. Собрание поэтических произведений «Радость Небожителей-сяней» (Сянь лэ цзи 仙樂集), 5 цз. [ЧХДЦ XXVI, 559–591] (Liu Chu-xuan, Anthology on Immortal Bliss, in Chinese).

Ма Дань-ян 馬丹陽. Собрание поэтических произведений из “Потаенного–сокровенного [из скита]” Золота и нефрита (Дун сюань цзинь юй цзи 洞玄金玉集) в 10 цз. [ЧХДЦ XXVI,  411–478] (Ma Dan-yang, Anthology of Gold and Jade from the Mystery Cavern, in Chinese).

Мэн Пань-линь 孟攀麟Записи о монастыре Нефритового совершенства (Юйчжэньгуань цзи 玉真觀記) (1270 г.) / Сводные описания эпохи Юань (Юань и тун чжи 元一統志) [ЦЮЦЧ, 105] (Meng Pan-lin, Records about Jade Perfection Monastery, Complete Descriptions of Yuan Dynasty, in Chinese).

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