The Emirs in Early-Bahrite Egypt (1252–1279) and their dynamics

Publication type Article
Status Published
Occupation: Director of the Institute of Advanced Training and Further Education of the Belarusian State University of Culture and Arts
Affiliation: Belarusian State University of Culture and Arts
Address: Belarus, Minsk
Journal nameVostok. Afro-Aziatskie obshchestva: istoriia i sovremennost
EditionIssue 6

The article considers the changing composition of the corpus of emirs in the period from the beginning of the rule of the al-Bahri Mamluks until the start of the reign of sultan al-Mansur Qalawun. The article analyzes the biographical data of the emirs based on the following features: a) time of arrival of a given emir in Egypt and his membership in one of the Mamluk fractions; b) relations with the malik/maliks; c) significant changes in his status; d) whether the death of a given emir occurred in the period under consideration and how it was caused. The main source for this study is Baybars al-Mansūrī’s Zubdat al-fikra fī ta’rīkh al-hijra, with Ahmad ibn ‘Alī al-Maqrīzī’s Kitāb al-Sulūk li-ma‘rifat duwal al-mulūk and Muhyī al-Dīn bin ‘Abd al-Żāhir’s Al-Rawḍ al-zāhir fī sīrat al-malik al-Ẓāhir being used as auxiliary sources.

The article analyzes the biographies of 134 emirs. Their number was increasing during the period. In spite of the struggle for power and numerous military campaigns, not many emirs suffered a violent death. The malik had limited instruments to punish emirs, with arrest being the most severe punishment.

The maliks were also limited in their capacity to establish their own emir factions. In the discussed period an emir’s average active life expectancy was much longer than a malik’s average period of rule. As new military troops arrived in Egypt, conflicts between different emir fractions increased as well. These conflicts were exacerbated due to the different ethnic origin and age of the emirs corpus.

KeywordsMamluks, Early Bahrite period, emirs, al-Zahir Baybars, al-Mansur Qalawun, Kipchaks
Publication date27.12.2018
Cite   Download pdf To download PDF you should sign in
Размещенный ниже текст является ознакомительной версией и может не соответствовать печатной

views: 1180

Readers community rating: votes 0

1. Garkavets A.N. Beibars (619–676 / 1222–1277). Voprosy tiurkologii. Nauchny jurnal Instituta tiurkologii (Moscow). 2010, no. 1. Pp. 64–104] (in Russian).

2. Kuzenbaev N.E. Diskussii o kharaktere kipchakskoi gosudarstvennosti. Vestnik Karagandinskogo universiteta. 2011. No. 2(62). Pp. 25–30. (in Russian).

3. Kumekov B.E. Gosudarstvo kimakov IX–XI cc. po arabskim istochnikam (State of Kimak (9th–11th centuries) according to Arab sources). Alma-Ata: Nauka, 1972. (in Russian).

4. Fil’shtinskii I.M. Istoriia arabov i Khalifata (750–1517) (History of the Arabs and the Caliphate (750–1517)). Moscow: Formika-S, 2001. (in Russian).

5. Ahmad ibn ‘Alī al-Maqrīzī. Kitāb al-Sulūk li-ma‘rifat duwal al-mulūk. Vol. 1–2. Beirut, 1997.

6. Amitai-Preiss R. Mongols and Mamluks: The Mamluk-Ilkhanid War, 1260–1281. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

7. Amitai-Preiss R. The Mamluk Officer Class During the Reign of Sultan Baybars. War and Society in the Eastern Mediterranean: 7th-15th Centuries. Ed. by Y. Lev. Leiden, 1997. Pp. 267–300.

8. Ayalon D. Studies on the Structure of the Mamluk Army – I. Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies. Vol. 15. Issue 2. June 1953. Pp. 203–228.

9. Ayalon D. Studies on the Structure of the Mamluk Army – II. Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies. Vol. 15. Issue 3. October 1953. Pp. 448–476.

10. Baybars al-Mansūrī. Zubdat al-Fikra fī Ta’rīch al-Hijra. Berlin–Beirut: Das Arabische Buch, 1998.

11. Hassanein Muhammad Rabie. Baybars I [Electronic resource]. ENCYCLOPÆDIA BRITANNICA. Mode of access: – Date of access: 09.04.2018.

12. Levanovi A. The Mamluks’ Ascent to Power in Egypt. Studia Islamica. No. 72. 1990. P. 138.

13. Muhyī al-Dīn ben ‘Abd al-Żāhir. Al-Rawď al-Zāhir fī al-Sīra(t) al-Malik al-Żāhir. Riyadh, 1976.

14. Nobutaka N. The rank and status of military refugees in the Mamluk army: a reconsideration of the Wafidiya. Mamluk Studies Review. Ed. B.D. Craig. Vol. 10. No. 1. Chicago: The Middle East Documentation Center, The University of Chicago, 2006. Pp. 55–81.

15. Northrup L.S. From Slave to Sultan: The Career of Al-Man

16. Richards D.S. Introduction, Baybars al-Mansūrī. Zubdat al-Fikra fī Ta’rīch al-Hijra. Berlin–Beirut, 1998.

17. Richards D.S. Mamluk amirs, families and households. The Mamluks in Egyptian politics and society. Cambridge, 1998. Pp. 32–54.

18. Röhricht R. Regesta Regni Hierosolymitani (MXCVII–MCCCXI). Berlin: Libraria Academica Wageriana, 1893.

Система Orphus