Noun phrase structure in articleless languages: universality and variation

 
PIIS0373658X0011270-6-1
Publication type Article
Status Published
Authors
Affiliation:
Lomonosov Moscow State University
Sholokhov Moscow State University for the Humanities
Address: Moscow, 119991, Russia
Affiliation: Stanford University
Address: Stanford, USA
Journal nameVoprosy Jazykoznanija
EditionIssue 3
Pages52-69
Abstract

This article is concerned with the issue of the presence of the DP projection in languages lacking articles, such as Tatar. Contrary to both the «Universal DP» and «Parameterized DP» views, we propose that some but not all noun phrases in Tatar are DPs. We show that this hypothesis accounts for clustering of properties of noun phrases in a number of syntactic positions, including the direct object position, which in Tatar exhibits the Differential Object Marking phenomenon. We argue that accusative objects are structurally DPs, whereas unmarked objects are Small Nominals (i. e. lack the DP projection). We show that this account explains the Tatar facts better than an analysis based on either semantic or positional properties of the object.

KeywordsDP structure, Differential object marking, Tatar, Universal grammar
Received20.05.2015
Publication date20.05.2015
Number of characters888
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