Noun phrase structure in articleless languages: universality and variation

Publication type Article
Status Published
Lomonosov Moscow State University
Sholokhov Moscow State University for the Humanities
Address: Moscow, 119991, Russia
Affiliation: Stanford University
Address: Stanford, USA
Journal nameVoprosy Jazykoznanija
EditionIssue 3

This article is concerned with the issue of the presence of the DP projection in languages lacking articles, such as Tatar. Contrary to both the «Universal DP» and «Parameterized DP» views, we propose that some but not all noun phrases in Tatar are DPs. We show that this hypothesis accounts for clustering of properties of noun phrases in a number of syntactic positions, including the direct object position, which in Tatar exhibits the Differential Object Marking phenomenon. We argue that accusative objects are structurally DPs, whereas unmarked objects are Small Nominals (i. e. lack the DP projection). We show that this account explains the Tatar facts better than an analysis based on either semantic or positional properties of the object.

KeywordsDP structure, Differential object marking, Tatar, Universal grammar
Publication date20.05.2015
Number of characters888
Cite   Download pdf To download PDF you should sign in
Размещенный ниже текст является ознакомительной версией и может не соответствовать печатной

views: 175

Readers community rating: votes 0

1. Vil'danova, Garipov 1988 — Vil'danova N. G., Garipov T. M. Odin nulevoj padezh ili nulevye formy raznykh padezhej? // Sovetskaya tyurkologiya. 1988. № 4. C. 36—41. [Vil’danova N. G., Garipov T. M. One zero case or zero forms of different cases? Sovetskaya tyurkologiya. 1988. No. 4. Pp. 36—41.]

2. Graschenkov 2007 — Graschenkov P. V. Izafetnaya konstruktsiya: mnogofaktornyj analiz // Misharskij dialekt tatarskogo yazyka. Ocherki po sintaksisu i semantike. Kazan': Magarif, 2007. S. 83—114. [Grashchenkov P. V. Ezafe construction: multivariate analysis. Misharskii dialekt tatarskogo yazyka. Ocherki po sintaksisu i semantike. Kazan: Magarif, 2007. Rr. 83—114.]

3. Zakiev 1995 — Zakiev M. Z. Tatarskaya grammatika. T. III. Sintaksis. Kazan': Tatarskoe knizhnoe izdatel'stvo, 1995. [Zakiev M. Z. Tatarskaya grammatika. T. 3. Sintaksis. [Tatar grammar. Vol. 3. Syntax]. Kazan: Tatarskoe Knizhnoe Izdatel’stvo, 1995.]

4. Zakiev (red.) 1993 — Zakiev M. Z. (red.). Tatarskaya grammatika. T. ΙΙ. Morfologiya. Kazan': Tatarskoe knizhnoe izdatel'stvo, 1993. [Zakiev M. Z. (ed.). Tatarskaya grammatika. T. ΙΙ. Morfologiya. [Tatar grammar. Vol. II. Morphology]. Kazan: Tatarskoe Knizhnoe Izdatel’stvo, 1993.]

5. Lyutikova 2010 — Lyutikova E. A. K voprosu o kategorial'nom statuse imennykh grupp v russkom yazyke // Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta. Ser. 9: Filologiya. 2010. № 9. S. 36—76. [Lyutikova E. A. On the categorial status of noun phrases in Russian. Vestnik Moskovskogo Univ. Ser. 9: Filologiya. 2010. No. 9. Pp. 36—76.]

6. Testelets 2014 — Testelets Ya. G. Struktura imennykh konstruktsij i problema cheredovaniya padezhej v adygskikh yazykakh // Yazyk. Konstanty. Peremennye. Pamyati Aleksandra Evgen'evicha Kibrika. SPb.: Aletejya, 2014. C. 536—551. [Testelets Ya. G. The structure of noun phrases and the problem of case alternation in Circassian languages. Yazyk. Konstanty. Peremennye. Pamyati Aleksandra Evgen’evicha Kibrika. St. Petersburg: Aleteiya, 2014. Pp. 536—551.]

7. Abney 1987 — Abney S. The English noun phrase in its sentential aspect. PhD thesis. Cambridge (MA): Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1987.

8. Baker 1985 — Baker M. The Mirror Principle and morphosyntactic explanation. Linguistic Inquiry. 1985. Vol. 16. Pp. 373—416.

9. Baker 2009 — Baker M. Is head movement still needed for noun incorporation? Lingua. 2009. Vol. 119. Pp. 148—165.

10. Baker, Vinokurova 2010 — Baker M., Vinokurova N. Two modalities of Case assignment: Case in Sakha. Natural Language and Linguistic Theory. 2010. Vol. 28. Pp. 593—642.

11. Bošković 2005 — Bošković Ž. On the locality of left branch extraction and the Structure of NP. Studia Linguistica. 2005. Vol. 59. No. 1. Pp. 1—45.

12. Bošković 2008 — Bošković Ž. What will you have, DP or NP? Proceedings of the 37th Annual meeting of the North East linguistic society. Elfner E., Walkow M. (eds). Amherst (MA): GLSA, 2008. Pp. 101—114.

13. Bošković 2009 — Bošković Ž. More on the no-DP analysis of article-less languages. Studia Linguistica. Vol. 63. No. 2. Pp. 187—203.

14. Bošković 2012 — Bošković Ž. On NPs and clauses. Discourse and grammar: From sentence types to lexical categories. Arewendort G., Zimmermann T. E. (eds). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 2012. Pp. 179—242.

15. Bošković, Şener 2014 — Bošković Ž., Şener S. Turkish NP. Crosslinguistic studies on nominal reference: with and without articles. Cabredo Hofherr P., Zribi-Hertz A. (eds). Leiden: Brill, 2014. Pp. 102—140.

16. Danon 2006 — Danon G. Caseless nominals and the projection of DP. Natural language and linguistic theory. 2006. Vol. 24. Pp. 977—1008.

17. Dayal 2011 — Dayal V. Hindi pseudo-incorporation. Natural language and linguistic theory. 2011. Vol. 29. Pp. 123—167.

18. Enç 1991 — Enç M. The semantics of specificity. Linguistic Inquiry. 1991. Vol. 22. Pp. 1—26.

19. Engelhardt, Trugman 1998 — Engelhardt M., Trugman H. D as a source of adnominal genitive in Russian. Formal approaches to Slavic linguistics. Bošković Ž., Franks S., Snyder W. (eds). Ann Arbor (MI): Michigan Slavic Publications, 1998. Pp. 114—133.

20. Kagan, Pereltsvaig 2011 — Kagan O., Pereltsvaig A. Syntax and semantics of bare NPs: Objects of intensive reflexive verbs in Russian. Empirical Issues in syntax and semantics. Bonami O., Cabredo Hofherr P. (eds). 2011. Vol. 8. Pp. 221—237.

21. Kornfilt 1990 — Kornfilt J. Remarks on headless partitives and case in Turkish. Grammar in progress; GLOW essays for Henk van Riemsdijk. Mascaró J., Nespor M. (eds). 1990. Vol. 30. Dordrecht: Foris. Pp. 285—303.

22. Kornfilt 2003 — Kornfilt J. Scrambling, subscrambling, and case in Turkish. Word order and scrambling. Karimi S. (ed.). Oxford: Blackwell, 2003. Pp. 125—155.

23. Kornfilt 2008 — Kornfilt J. DOM and two types of DSM in Turkish. Differential subject marking. De Hoop H., de Swart P. (eds). Dordrecht: Springer, 2008. Pp. 79—111.

24. Massam 2001 — Massam D. Pseudo incorporation in Niuean. Natural language and linguistic theory. 2001. Vol. 19. Pp. 153—197.

25. Pereltsvaig 2006 — Pereltsvaig A. Small nominals. Natural language and linguistic theory. 2006. Vol. 24. Pp. 433—500.

26. Pereltsvaig 2007 — Pereltsvaig A. On the universality of DP: a view from Russian. Studia Linguistica. 2007. Vol. 61. No. 1. Pp. 59—94.

27. Pereltsvaig 2013a — Pereltsvaig A. On number and numberlessness in languages without articles. Proceedings of BLS 37. Berkeley (CA): University of California, 2013. Pp. 300—314.

28. Pereltsvaig 2013b — Pereltsvaig A. On number and numberlessness in languages with and without articles. Crosslinguistic studies on noun phrase structure and reference. Cabredo Hofherr P., Zribi-Hertz A. (eds). Leiden: Brill, 2013. Pp. 52—72.

29. Pereltsvaig 2013c — Pereltsvaig A. Noun phrase structure in article-less Slavic languages: DP or not DP? Language and Linguistics Compass. 2013. Vol. 7. No. 3. Pp. 201—219.

30. Progovac 1998 — Progovac L. Determiner phrase in a language without determiners. Journal of Linguistics. 1998. Vol. 34. Pp. 165—179.

31. Rutkowski 2002 — Rutkowski P. Noun / pronoun asymmetries: evidence in support of the DP hypothesis in Polish. Jezikoslovlje. 2002. Vol. 3. Pp. 159—170.

32. Trenkić 2004 — Trenkić D. Definiteness in Serbian /Croatian /Bosnian and some implications for the general structure of the nominal phrase. Lingua. 2004. Vol. 114. Pp. 1401—1427.

33. Willim 1998 — WillimE. On the DP-hypothesis in Polish, an article-less language. Projections and mapping: Studies in syntax. Stalmaszczyk P. (ed.). Lublin: Folium, 1998. Pp. 137—158.

34. Willim 2000 — Willim E. On the grammar of Polish nominal. Step by step: Essays on minimalist syntax in honor of Howard Lasnik. Martin R., Michaels D., Uriagereka J. (eds). Cambridge (MA): MIT Press, 2000. Pp. 319—346.

35. Zlatić 1997 — Zlatić L. The structure of the Serbian noun phrase. Doct. diss. Austin: Univer. of Texas at Austin, 1997.

Система Orphus