The Role of the All-Russian Society for the Preservation of Historical and Cultural Monuments in the Identification, Examination, and Conservation of Industrial Heritage Monuments in 1960–1990

 
PIIS020596060009439-4-1
DOI10.31857/S020596060009439-4
Publication type Article
Status Published
Authors
Affiliation: Ural Federal University named after the First President of Russia B. N. Yeltsin
Address: Yekaterinburg, Ul. Mira, 19
Journal nameVoprosy istorii estestvoznaniia i tekhniki
EditionVolume 41 2
Pages334-345
Abstract

This paper analyzes the contribution of the All-Russian Society for the Preservation of Historical and Cultural Monuments (VOOPIiK) to the identification, examination, and conservation of industrial heritage monuments in the USSR in 1960–1990. This role of VOOPIiK has never been subject to a thorough study. The analysis of the respective materials shows that Soviet specialists’ notion of what industrial heritage monuments are and whether they need to be preserved evolved over time. In the first years of its existence, VOOPIiK paid little attention to such monuments and it was only in the 1980s – 1990s that it began to actively promote, identify, and restore these objects. At the same time, industrial heritage monuments used to be understood as monuments of science and technology, unused industrial objects, and monuments of Soviet people’s labor glory. The paper cites the examples of industrial objects regarded by the Society members as monuments that needed protection by the state. These were mostly the objects located in industrial areas (Altai, Kuzbass, and Ural Regions).

KeywordsAll-Russian Society for the Preservation of Historical and Cultural Monuments, industrial heritage, conservation, USSR
Received18.06.2020
Publication date20.06.2020
Number of characters25681
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