Russian Literature of the Soviet Period – Socio-Dynamics of the Writer's Community

Publication type Article
Status Published
Occupation: Chief Researcher
Affiliation: FIC Southern Scientific Center, Russian Academy of Sciences
Address: Russian Federation, Rostov-on-Don
Journal nameSotsiologicheskie issledovaniya
EditionIssue 2

The article investigates quantitative and spatial dynamics, social structure, creative specialization, national composition and gender ratio of Russian writer community of the Soviet period. The study made it possible to establish that the dynamics of the significant parameters of this creative group was determined by the constructivist activities of the Soviet government. But the development of the writing community was also influenced by the evolution of literature itself, as an element of Russian and world culture, and as a social institution associated with the systemic dynamics of twentieth-century society. Throughout the Soviet period, the Russian writers' community of the USSR was formed mainly by people from the intelligentsia (60-70% of debut authors in each of the decades). During the Soviet period, the writing community grew significantly and increased the number of its centers. The Russians remained its dominant national group. The second group were Jews, who accounted for 20-30% of the authors. But in the 1920-1940s. writers of Jewish origin, first of all, represented Russian Soviet literature, and in the 1970-1980s. dominated the Russian literary abroad. The leading creative specializations of Russian Soviet writers were prose and poetry. The general ratio of specializations in the writing community has continuously changed over time, but the amplitude of this dynamics itself has significantly decreased in comparison with the imperial period.

KeywordsRussian literature, the Soviet period, the writing community, social dynamics, creative specializations
AcknowledgmentThe work was performed as part of the fulfillment of the State assignment of the Southern Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences, subject No. 0256-2019-0045.
Publication date25.03.2021
Number of characters40509
100 rub.
When subscribing to an article or issue, the user can download PDF, evaluate the publication or contact the author. Need to register.

Number of purchasers: 0, views: 867

Readers community rating: votes 0

1. Antipina V.A. (2005) Daily life of Soviet writers. 1930-1950-s. Moscow: Molodaya Gvardiya. (In Russ.)

2. Dubin B.V. (2010) Literary culture today: social forms, iconic figures, symbolic samples. In: Classics after and next. Moscow: NLO: 47–65. (In Russ.)

3. Dubin B.V. (2010) On the problem of the literary Canon in modern Russia. In: Classics after and next. Moscow: NLO: 66–75. (In Russ.)

4. Berg M. (2000) Literarykratiya. Moscow: NLO. (In Russ.)

5. Bourdieu P. (1993) The Market of Symbolic Products. Voprosy sociologii [Issues of Sociology]. No. 1/2: 49–62. (In Russ.)

6. All-Union census of 1939 (1992) Main results. Moscow: Nauka. (In Russ.)

7. Kazak V. (1996) Lexicon of Russian literature of the XX century. Moscow: Kultura. (In Russ.)

8. Maksimenkov L. (2003) Essays on the nomenclature history of Soviet literature (1932–1946). Voprosy literatury [Questions of literature]. No. 4: 212–258; No. 5: 241–297. (In Russ.)

9. The world of Russian culture. Encyclopedia guide (1997) Moscow: Veche. (In Russ.)

10. Mole A. (1973) Sociodynamics of culture. Moscow: Progress. (In Russ.)

11. Russian writers of the 20th century. Biographical dictionary (2000) Moscow: Bol’shaya rossiyskaya entsiklopediya. (In Russ.)

12. Sakulin P.N. (1925) Sociological method in literary studies. Moscow: Mir. (In Russ.)

13. Directory of the Union of writers of the USSR (1981) Moscow: Sovietskii pisatel’.

14. Sushchiy S.Ya. (2000) Russian literature – sociodynamic analysis of the writer's community of the (19th – early 20th century). Sotsiologicheskiye issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 2: 128–143.

15. Fritsche V.M. (1929) Sociology of art. Moscow-Leningrad: Ogiz. (In Russ.)

16. Tseselchuk D. (2010) A short course in the history of the Union of Writers of Russia. Literaturnyye izvestiya [Literary news]. No. 13 (43). 2010. URL: (accessed 00.00.2020).

17. Escarpit R. (1958) Sociologie de la literature. Press Universities de France. Paris.

Система Orphus