Turkey in Central Asia: a Partner or a Rival?

Publication type Article
Status Published
Occupation: Associate Professor, Department of languages of the countries of the Middle East
Affiliation: MGIMO (University)
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Journal nameAsia and Africa Today
EditionIssue 7

The collapse of the USSR and the formation of independent states in its place, including five Turkic, was greeted with great enthusiasm in Turkey, and the issue of uniting of the Turks under the auspices of Turkey was brought to the agenda. The union of Eurasian Turks took the place of one of the most important priorities of the country’s foreign policy strategy.

Since the beginning of the 90s, Turkey has been making every effort to establish political, trade and economic relations with the newly formed Turkic states of Central Asia.

The article discusses the various integration initiatives of the Turkish leadership, aimed at maximizing rapprochement with the newly formed Turkic states of Central Asia.

However, in the 2000s, Ankara realized the need to reconsider political approaches to the countries of Central Asia. The stake was made on the implementation of more realistic projects and on the rejection of excessive ambitious plans for these republics.The steps of the Turkish leadership to establish relations in various fields of activity with all five former Central Asian republics are analyzed. It is emphasized that Ankara is making great efforts in the development of business relations with the Central Asian countries. Direct investments of Turkish firms in this region at the end of 2017 exceeded $ 14 billion. Over 4 thousand Turkish firms operate in the region.

The author believes that Turkey and Russia as large Eurasian states with a significant Muslim population are able to play the role of mediators in relations between the countries of Central Asia, the West and the world of Islam.

It is pointed out that the multi-vector policy adopted by all Central Asian states can be used by Russia and Turkey for in-depth cooperation with the countries of the region in a bilateral format.

KeywordsTurkey, Central Asia, Russia, Turkic union, integration initiatives
Publication date07.08.2019
Number of characters35852
100 rub.
When subscribing to an article or issue, the user can download PDF, evaluate the publication or contact the author. Need to register.

Number of purchasers: 2, views: 2189

Readers community rating: votes 0

1. Urazova E.I. Turtsiya segodnya: ehkonomicheskoe sotrudnichestvo so stranami Yuzhnogo Kavkaza i Tsentral'noj Azii. M., 2012, s. 20. (Urazova E.I. 2012. Turkey Today: Economic Cooperation with Countries of South Caucasus and Central Asia. M.) (In Russ.)

2. Turkish foreign policy. Vol. 2, 1980-2001, p. 382 (In Turk.)

3. Winrow. Tyrkey and the Post Soviyet Central Asia. L, 1996, p. 29.

4. Ayden M. Turkey and the Central Asia / Central Asia Survey. Vol. 15. № 2, June 1996, p. 165.

5. DPT. General Economic Index. Ankara 1996, pp. 57, 68; 2002, pp. 49, 60, 69 (In Turk.)

6. The Program of the 59th Government, Ankara, 18 March 2003 – www.mfa.gov.tr (accessed 03.04.2018)

7. Avrasya Bulteni issue number 10, Ocaka 2003 (In Turk.)

8. Avrasya Bulteni issue number 10, Mayis 2003 (In Turk.)

9. Avrasya Bulteni issue number 11, Haziran 2003 (In Turk.)

10. Avrasya Bulteni issue number 16, Kasim, 2003 (In Turk.)

11. Avrasya Bulteni issue number 16, Aralik 2003 (In Turk.)

12. Zeyrekli S. Turkiyenin Orta Politikasinda Demirel in Rolu // Elektronic Journal of Political Studies, June 2013, p. 28 (In Turk.)

13. Frappi C. Central Asia’s place in Turkey’s Foreign Policy // ISPI analyses, № 225, December 2013, pp. 1-12.

14. Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Turkey, Synopsis of the Turkish Foreign Policy – www.mfa.gov.tr. (accessed 15.11.2018)

15. Laumullin M. Turtsiya i Tsentral'naya Aziya. (Laumullin M. Turkey and Central Asia) (In Russ.) – http://www.asiacentre-com (accessed 15.12.2018)

16. Turkey and Central Asian countries (In Turk.) – www.mfa.gov.tr/turkiye-orta-asya-ulkeri.tr.mfa (accessed 04.06.2018)

17. Turkish Council (In Turk.) – www.mfa.gov.tr/turk-konseyi.tr.mfa (accessed 04.06.2018)

18. Russia and Turkey (In Turk.) – www.globalaffairs.ru/global processors/Rossiya-i-Tursiya. 01.12.2014 (accessed 04.06.2018)

19. Resmi Gazete. 28.02.2012. (In Turk.)

20. Turkish Turkmenistan Politikal Relation (In Turk.) – www.mfa.gov.tr/turkiye-turkmenistan-siyasi-iliskileri-tr.mfa (accessed 04.06.2018)

21. Turkey lobbies gas interests of Turkmenistan (In Turk.) – https://eadaily/com/ru/news/2017/07/19/ (accessed 20.05.2018)

22. Turkey and Central Asian (In Turk.) – www.bilgesam.org.Images, Dokumanlar.411-21502640/ (accessed 03.07.2018)

23. Sabah. 10.09.2017 (In Turk.)

24. Turkish relations with Kazakhstan (In Turk.) – https://russian.rt/com/article/428215/turciya-svyazi-kazakhstan.9.10.2017 (accessed 20.05.2018)

25. Dubnov A. Kak Tsentral'naya Aziya reagiruet na konflikt Rossii i Turtsii. (Dubnov A. Central Asian Reaction on Russian-Turkish Conflict) (In Russ.) – http://carnegie.ru/commentary/62182 (accessed 20.11.2017)

26. Turkey carves out a new role for itself in Central Asia (In Turk.) – www.arabnews.com/node/1296696 (accessed 20.11.2017)

27. 26 agreements between Turkey and Uzbekistan (In Turk.) – https:/www.ahaber.com/tr/gundem/2017/10/26/turkiyeve ozbekistan-arasinda-26-anlasma (accessed 26.10.2017)

28. Resource Materials and Reports of TIKA. Ankara 2005 (In Turk.) – http://www.gov.tr/tr19 (accessed 20.05.2018)

29. Nezavisimaya gazeta. 14.03.2016. (Independent Newspaper. 14.03.2016) (In Russ.)

30. Kirgistan – Turky – Erdogan Jeenbekov – meeitihgs (In Turk.) – https:/ru/azaltik/kyrgystan-turkiye-erdoganjeenbekov/29155588.html (accessed 22.05.2018)

31. Turk Dis Politikasi cilt III. 2001-2012, s. 476 (In Turk.)

32. Political Relations of Turkey and Tajikistan (In Turk.) – http://www.mfa.gov.tr/turkiye-tacikistan-siyasi-iliskeri tr.mfa (accessed 23.06.2018)

33. Dushanbe prinimaet biznes forum Turtsiya – Tadzhikistan. (Dushanbe accepts business forum Turkey Tajikistan) (In Russ.) – http://tpp.tj/2017/02/16/dushanbe-prinimaet-biznes-forum-turciya-tadzhikistan/ (accessed 23.06.2018)

34. Our possibilities of cooperation in Tajikistan in the sphere of gold and cotton (In Turk.) – https:/www.dunya.com/tacikistanda altin-ve pamukta isbirligi-imkanlarimiz cok (accessed 02.06.2018)

35. Rossiya i Turtsiya v Tsentral'noj Azii: partnerstvo ili sopernichestvo. (Russia and Turkey in Central Asia: partnership or rivalry) (In Russ.) – www.mirprognozov.ru/prognosis/politiks/rossiya-i-turtsiya-v-tsentralnoy-aziipartnerstvo-ili-sopernichestvo (accessed 01.03.2018)

36. Zvyagel'skaya I.D., Makarov D.V. Vospriyatie Rossiej politiki Zapada v Tsentral'noj Azii. M., 2003, s. 106. (Zvyagelskaya I.D., Makarov D.V. 2003. Russian’s Apprehension of Western Policy in Central Asia. M.) (In Russ.)

37. Dogovor o Evrazijskom ehkonomicheskom soyuze (EAEhS), podpisannyj Rossiej, Kazakhstanom i Belorussiej, vstupil v silu 1 yanvarya 2015 g. V 2015 g. k nemu prisoedinilis' Armeniya i Kirgiziya. (The Eurasian Economic Union Treaty (EAEC), signed by Russia, Kazakhstan and Belarus, entered into force in January 1, 2015. In 2015 Armenia and Kyrgyzstan joined the Union) (In Russ.)

38. Mozhet li Turtsiya vstupit' v EAEhS. 10.01.2017. (Can Turkey enter European Economic Unity) (In Russ.) – http:/ru/valdaiclub.com/ (accessed 30.12.2017)

39. Vstupit li Turtsiya v EAEhS. 22 avgusta 2017 g. (Will Turkey enter European Economic Unity) (In Russ.) – htps://azeri today/articles/835/ (accessed 30.12.2017)

40. Institute of strategic Research. Ankara 2011 (In Turk.) – www.SDE (accessed 02.04.2018)

41. Is Turkish participation in the Organization of Shanghai Cooperation possible. Ankara 2012 (In Turk.) - www.star.com.tr/acik gorus/turkiyenin-sanghay-isbirligi-mumkun-mu haber – 1164134 (accessed 02.04.2018)

42. Milliyet. 12.11.2016; 30.11.2017 (In Turk.)

43. Milliyet. 12.11.2016; 30.12.2017 (In Turk.)

44. Andrey Karlov’s speech on Organization of Shanghai Cooperation (In Turk.) – www.sabah com.tr/dunya/2016/11/30/andrey-karlov-sanghay-isbirligi-orgutu-konusunda-kazar (accessed 02.04.2018)

45. Turtsiya vzyala kurs na vstuplenie v ShOS. 07.03.2018. (Turkey is aiming to participate in Organization of Shanghai Cooperation) (In Russ.) – http://infoshos.ru/ru/?idn=18087 (accessed 02.05.2018)

46. Vasil'ev A.M. Rossiya na Blizhnem i Srednem Vostoke. M., 2018, s. 401. (Vasiliev A.M. 2018. Russia in the Near and Middle East. M.) (In Russ.).

Система Orphus