On the linguistic turn in sociology

 
PIIS013216250000185-6-1
DOI10.31857/S013216250000185-6
Publication type Article
Status Published
Authors
Affiliation: HuaiHai Institute of Technology
Address: China, Lianyungang City
Journal nameSotsiologicheskie issledovaniya
Edition
Pages115-123
Abstract

In this article, various points of view on the human language are analyzed both in traditional and modern parts in Sociology; Sociology of Language and Sociolinguistics which study the combination of language and culture are distinguished; the causes of the Linguistic Turn in Sociology are revealed. From the inception of Sociology to the 60s of the 20th century, language was not included in its field of vision. With the appearance of "Linguistic Turn" in philosophy, literature and other spheres of the humanities, "Linguistic Turn" also takes place in the sphere of sociology. The author believes that language is a social phenomenon, and language occupies a significant position in the daily social life and the history of social civilization. Classical sociologists emphasize that Sociology is based on empirical facts, but the empirical facts here are abstract and the everyday language is certainly not covered. Under the influence of Pragmatism Theory, George Mead introduced language into the study of Sociology from the perspective of Social Psychology and broke through the initial standpoint of sociological research. The Linguistic problems have become the mainstream of Contemporary Sociology in Garfinkel and others’ Ethnomethodology, Ricoeur’s Herrneneutic Sociology, Habermas’s Theory of Communicative Action, Bourdieu’s Reflexive Sociology and Foucault's Anti-Structuralist Sociology. The Linguistic Turn in the field of Sociology is mainly based on two reasons: one is the change in basic social contradictions, and the other is the change in the background of discipline development.

KeywordsLanguage; linguistic turn; sociology; language; sociolinguistics, lingvo sociology
Received02.08.2018
Publication date22.08.2018
Number of characters31724
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