Bulgarian-Turkish relations in late 1913 – first half of 1914 according to reports of Russian military intelligence in the Balkans

Publication type Article
Status Published
Occupation: Associate Professor of the Modern and Contemporary History Department
Affiliation: Ural Federal University
Address: Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation
Occupation: Graduate student of the Modern and Contemporary History Department
Affiliation: Ural Federal University
Address: Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation
Journal nameSlavianovedenie
EditionIssue 1

The article examines the problem of Bulgarian-Turkish cooperation between the Balkan Wars and the First World War based on unpublished reports of Russian military agents in the Balkans. This material demonstrates a generally high efficiency of Russian intelligence. They succeeded in grasping the vector of the Bulgarian-Turkish interaction and provided the foreign policy department with valuable information. The Russian authorities were informed about the main stages of the Bulgarian-Turkish negotiation process, as well as about the eventual plans of Bulgaria and Turkey regarding the revision of the Bucharest Treaty. The article concludes that, despite the presence of tangible contradictions between Sofia and Constantinople, the negotiations between them in 1913–1914 paved the way for the signing of the Bulgarian-Turkish union treaty in August 1914, which accelerated Turkey's entry into the war and firmly hooked Bulgaria to the Triple Alliance force camp.

KeywordsBulgaria, Turkey, Macedonia, Western Thrace, IMORO, V. Radoslavov, N. Genadiev, A. Protogerov, I. Enver Bey, M. Talaat Bey, S. Askeri Bey
Publication date28.01.2022
Number of characters35794
100 rub.
When subscribing to an article or issue, the user can download PDF, evaluate the publication or contact the author. Need to register.

Number of purchasers: 1, views: 418

Readers community rating: votes 0

1. Georgiev G. Bulgaro-Albanski politicheski otnosheniya (1908–1915). Sofia, Publishing House of the Macedonian Scientific Institute, 2019, 468 ð. (In Bulgarian)

2. Kashirin V.B. Bolgariya i strategiñheskaya obstanovka na Balkanah nakanune Ðervoy mirovoy voyni (po doneseniyam ruskoy voennoy razvedki). Rosiya i reformi. Vol. 5, ed. O.R. Ayrapetov. Moscow, Modest Kohlerov and the «Three Squares» Publ., 2002, pp. 91–127. (In Russ.)

3. Kashirin V.B. Dozornie na Balkanah: Ruskaya voennaya razvedka v stranah Balkanskogo poluostrova nakanune i v godi pervoy mirovoy voyni. Moscow, VIKMO-M Publ., 2014, 632 p. (In Russ.)

4. Kashirin V.B. Na vulkane: Ruskaya razvedka o neob`yavlennoy voyne v Makedonii i Kosove. Rodina, 2004, no 9, pp. 12–16. (In Russ.)

5. Kashirin V.B. Ruskaya voennaya razvedka na Balkanah nakanune i v godi Pervoy mirovoy voyni (1913–1915). Diss. cand. ist. nauk. Moscow, 2006, 27 p. (In Russ.)

6. Labauri D.O. Primirit` neprimirimih: neposilnaya zadacha ruskoy diplomatii na Balkanah v 1914–1915. Bulgarian Historical Review, 2012, no 3–4. pp. 134–152. (In Russ.)

7. Labauri D.O. Vnutrennaya makedono-odrinskaya revolutsionnaya organizatsiya na rasputye: poiski putey resheniya makedonskogo voprosa nakanune Pervoy mirovoy voyni. Balkani v evropeyskih politicheskih proektah XIX–XXI vekov. Moscow, Institute of Slavic Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences, Publ., 2014, pp. 93–116. (In Russ.)

8. Vlakhov T. Otnosheniyata mejdu Bulgaria i Tsentralnite sili po vreme na voynite 1912–1918. Sofia, Publishing House of the Bulgarian Communist Party, 1957, 292 p. (In Bulgarian).

Система Orphus