The mystery of Francis Skorina and the source of the Ostrog Bible

 
PIIS0869544X0014063-2-1
DOI10.31857/S0869544X0014063-2
Publication type Article
Status Published
Authors
Occupation: Professor
Affiliation: Lomonosov Moscow State University
Address: Russia, Moscow
Journal nameSlavianovedenie
EditionIssue 2
Pages80-92
Abstract

The Vilnius copy of the catena text of the Prophets, of the 1560–70s, from the Library of the Lithuanian Academy of Sciences, contains a revision of the Old Bulgarian translation. It was one of the sources of the Ostrog Bible of 1580–1581. The reverse relation of these texts would have been impossible on text-critical grounds. The Vilnius manuscript casts a new light on the Liturgical Books Revision and the preparatory stage of the work on the Ostrog Bible, when, prior to receiving the Gennadian Bible from Moscow, old translations were revised according to Skorina’s Prague editions of the Prophets and, apparently, other Old Testament books which Skorina had edited but not published. The language preferences of the reviser differed from the Skorina’s views. He treated his predecessor’s work critically and would often switch out Skorina’s simplified wording for the old translation and the standard Church Slavonic grammar.

 

KeywordsThe Bible, catenae on the Prophets, Francis Skorina, translation, archetype, manuscript copy, revision, edition, reading, gloss, quotation
AcknowledgmentThe research was carried out with the financial support of the RFBR, project No. 18-012-00142a "Explanatory Prophecies in the literature and writing of Ancient Russia".
Received29.03.2021
Publication date31.03.2021
Number of characters38569
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