international organized tourism in the Republic of Karelia (2004–2021)

 
PIIS221979310021493-5-1
DOI10.37490/S221979310021493-5
Publication type Article
Status Published
Authors
Occupation: Researcher of the Department of the Regional Economic Policy, Institute of Economics
Affiliation: Karelian Research Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Address: Russian Federation, Petrozavodsk
Journal namePskov Journal of Regional Studies
EditionVolume 18. No4/2022
Pages116-128
Abstract

The Republic of Karelia, being a border region, is characterized by an advantageous economic and geographical position, unique natural, cultural and historical potential, preserved traditions and hospitality of the local population, which have made the region famous in the state and beyond. Along with the development of domestic tourism, the international tourist flow is of high importance for the border region. How attractive is the Karelian destination for foreign organized tourists? What is the role of the Republic of Karelia in the development of international tourism in the Northwest Russia and in the Russian Federation as a whole? Based on the analysis of open statistical data, the paper analyzes the trends in the development of international organized tourism in the Republic of Karelia. The study is based on an extensive data set for the period 2004–2021 according to seven calculated indicators. The advantageous position of the Republic of Karelia as a tourist destination in the Russian Federation and the Northwestern Federal District in receiving Finnish tourists is shown. The analysis revealed a high degree of dependence of the regional tourism business, focused on servicing the international organized tourist flow, on the preferences and interests of the citizens of neighboring Finland. The study used the analysis of statistical information, methods of generalization, comparison and analogy.

KeywordsRepublic of Karelia, border region, foreign tourists, Finland, organized tourist flow
AcknowledgmentThe study was carried out within the framework of the budget assignment of the Karelian Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences 10.37490/S221979310021493-5.
Received11.08.2022
Publication date22.11.2022
Number of characters19328
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1 Введение. Уникальный природный, культурно-исторический потенциал Республики Карелия, народные традиции и гостеприимство местного населения сформировали известность региона в России и за её пределами. Вместе с развитием внутреннего туризма для приграничного региона большое значение имеет международный туризм. Учитывая, что проблематика изучения международного туризма в приграничье представляется новым направлением исследований сферы туризма, в данной работе предпринимается попытка формирования общего представления о его развитии в регионе. Кроме того, развитие международного въездного туризма представляется одним из значимых источников финансовых поступлений в региональный бюджет. Насколько привлекательна карельская дестинация для иностранных туристов? Какова роль Республики Карелия в развитии международного туризма в Российской Федерации? Поиску ответов на эти вопросы посвящена настоящая статья, базирующаяся на открытых статистических данных.
2 Международный туризм в приграничье: теоретические аспекты. Вопросы изучения международного туризма достаточно подробно отражены в трудах российских и зарубежных учёных. Следует выделить работы А. Ю. Александровой, профессора МГУ имени М. В. Ломоносова, фокусирующиеся на детальном анализе различных аспектов функционирования мирового туристского рынка и въездного турпотока в Россию [13].
3 Для приграничных регионов в силу специфики географического, геополитического и ряда иных факторов международный туризм и, особенно, трансграничный (приграничный) его вид, может представляться значимым направлением развития туристского бизнеса. В разрезе Северо-Запада России наиболее подробно изучено российско-польское приграничье учёными Балтийского федерального университета им. И. Канта (г. Калининград), российско-эстонско-латвийское приграничье — Псковского государственного университета (г. Псков), карельско-финляндское приграничье — Карельского научного центра РАН (г. Петрозаводск).
4 Интенсификации трансграничной туристской мобильности граждан сопредельных государств неизбежно сопровождается формированием и развитием трансграничных туристско-рекреационных регионов. В регионе Балтийского моря к настоящему времени сформировано и активно функционировало до ограничений пандемии COVID-19 несколько таких территорий взаимодействия туристского бизнеса, локального сообщества и власти. Отдельно следует выделить труды Е. Г. Кропиновой, профессора Балтийского федерального университета им. И. Канта (г. Калининград), посвящённые теории трансграничного туристско-рекреационного регионообразования [8; 29]. Развитие теории А. Г. Манаковым, профессором Псковского государственного университета (г. Псков) на примере российско-эстонско-латвийского и российско-финляндского приграничья позволило детализировать уровень, степень освоенности и выделить границы данных регионов [9; 10]. Кроме того, следует обозначить наработки по формированию социокультурного пространства и потенциалу приграничья в исследуемом контексте [17; 18; 32; 33].

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