Heterochronicity of dialectic thinking development in preschool 5-7-years-old children

 
PIIS020595920015202-8-1
DOI10.31857/S020595920015202-8
Publication type Article
Status Published
Authors
Occupation: Professor of Department of psychology of education and pedagogy of the faculty of psychology
Affiliation: Lomonosov Moscow State University
Address: Moscow, Mokhovaya str., 11/9
Occupation: Associate Professor, Department of Developmental Psychology, Faculty of Psychology
Affiliation: Lomonosov Moscow State University named after M.V. Lomonosov
Address: Mokhovaya st., 11, building 9
Occupation: Junior researcher of Department of psychology of education and pedagogy of the faculty of psychology
Affiliation: Lomonosov Moscow State University
Address: Mokhovaya st., 11, building 9
Occupation: Scientific Researcher of Department of psychology of education and pedagogy of the faculty of psychology
Affiliation: Lomonosov Moscow State University
Address: Mokhovaya st., 11, building 9
Journal namePsikhologicheskii zhurnal
EditionVolume 42 issue 4
Pages59-73
Abstract

Structural-dialectical psychology is aimed at developing the ability to see the space of possibilities in uncertain situations, overcome contradictions and think creatively through the improvement of dialectical thought processes. The aim of the study was to identify the features of the development of dialectical thinking in children aged 5-7 years. We assumed that there are differences in the success of solving typical dialectical tasks aimed at creating a creative product, overcoming contradictions and understanding development processes. These differences may be related to gender and age of older preschool children. The study used methods for assessing the success of dialectical mental actions. The tool “Drawing an unusual tree” allows you to evaluate the child's ability to solve a creative problem. The tool “Cycles” evaluates the child's ability to understand the simplest developmental processes and apply dialectical thinking actions: seriation, transformation, and conversion. The tool “What can be simultaneously?” it is aimed at assessing the ability to overcome contradictions. The solution of this type of problem involves the use of a dialectical mental action of mediation. At the same time, we assumed that the results of all the methods will be positively related to each other and the age of children. The study involved 308 children (156 boys and 154 girls) aged 5 years to 7 years 5 months. During the testing, data were obtained that indicate the adequacy of the use of dialectical methods for the diagnosis of children in older preschool age. At the same time, gender differences were found: girls perform the “Cycles” method more successfully (t=-2.401; p=0.017), and boys cope better with the tasks of the “What can be at the same time?” (t=1.879; p=0.046). Standards were developed separately for boys and girls using these methods. Age differences in the implementation of the tool “Drawing an unusual tree” were revealed in children aged 5-6 and 6-7 years (χ2=5.860 at p=0.043, VCramer’s effect strength is 0.139). The results obtained when performing various methods for assessing the development of dialectical thinking by preschoolers indicate, on the one hand, the heterochronicity of its development, and on the other hand, the relationship between the levels of development of some individual components of this thinking

Keywordsthinking of preschool children, structural-dialectical approach, dialectical thinking, dialectical thinking actions, dialectical task, contradictions
AcknowledgmentThe study was carried out with the financial support of the Russian Science Foundation (RSF) in the framework of the scientific project No. 19-18-00521
Received03.06.2021
Publication date14.08.2021
Number of characters36370
Cite  
100 rub.
When subscribing to an article or issue, the user can download PDF, evaluate the publication or contact the author. Need to register.

Number of purchasers: 0, views: 963

Readers community rating: votes 0

1. Bayanova L.F. K postanovke problemy sub"ekta kul'tury v psikhologii. Filologiya i kul'tura. 2012. № 3. P. 294–298. (In Russian)

2. Belolutskaya A.K. Podkhody k issledovaniyu dialekticheskogo myshleniya. Psikhologicheskii zhurnal. 2017. № 2. P. 44–54.(In Russian)

3. Belolutskaya A.K. Razvitie dialekticheskoi strategii myslitel'nogo operirovaniya protivopolozhnostyami u detei i vzroslykh. Pedagogicheskii zhurnal Bashkirii. 2011. № 2. P. 50–58. (In Russian)

4. Burmenskaya G.V. L. F. Obukhova: uroki nauchnye i chelovecheskie Eshche raz k voprosu o strategiyakh issledovaniya umstvennogo razvitiya rebenka.. Natsional'nyi psikhologicheskii zhurn. 2019. № 2(34). P. 10–18. (In Russian)

5. Veraksa N.E. Dialekticheskoe myshlenie. Ufa: Vagant, 2006. (In Russian)

6. Veraksa N.E. Struktura i soderzhanie dialekticheskogo myshleniya. Intellektual'noe razvitie doshkol'nika: strukturno-dialekticheskii podkhod. Eds. I.B. Shiyan. Moscow: MGPU, 2009. P. 5–22. (In Russian)

7. Veraksa N.E., Zadadaev S.A. Strukturno-dialekticheskii metod psikhologicheskogo analiza i ego matematicheskaya model'. Dialekticheskoe obuchenie. Moscow: Evrika, 2005. P. 35–51. (In Russian)

8. Vygotskii L.S. Sobr .soch. V. 4. Moscow, 1984. (In Russian)

9. Davydov V.V. Vidy obobshchenii v obuchenii. Moscow: Pedagogika, 1972. (In Russian)

10. Dialektika i logika. Zakony myshleniya Kollektiv avtorov: Kedrov B.M.[i dp.]. Ed. Kedrov B.M. Moscow: Izd-vo akademii nauk SSSR, 1962. (In Russian)

11. Zadadaev S.A. Metody strukturnoi dialektiki. Moscow: Granitsa, 2012. (In Russian)

12. Zaporozhec A.B. Razvitie rassuzhdeniya v doshkol'nom vozraste. Doshkol'noe vospitanie, 1947. № 8. Р. 28–41. (In Russian)

13. Il'enkov E.V. Dialekticheskaya logika. Moscow: Nauka, 1974. (In Russian)

14. Krasheninnikov E.E. Tvorchestvo i dialekticheskoe myshlenie. Sovremennoe doshkol'noe obrazovanie. 2008. № 4. C. 42–49. (In Russian)

15. Leont'ev A.N. Deyatel'nost'. Soznanie. Lichnost'. Moscow: Politizdat, 1977. (In Russian)

16. Mal'tsev V.I. Dialekticheskii materializm i voprosy logiki: PhD in filosof. Moscow, 1953. (In Russian)

17. Mitina O.V. Razrabotka i adaptatsiya psikhologicheskikh oprosnikov. Moscow, 2013. (In Russian)

18. Rubinshtein S.L. Osnovy obshchei psikhologii. St. Petersburg: Piter ,2007. (In Russian)

19. Shiyan I.B. Dialekticheskoe myshlenie i predstavlenie o vozmozhnostyakh situatsii u detei starshego doshkol'nogo vozrasta. Filologiya i kul'tura. 2013. № 3. P. 329–332. (In Russian)

20. Shiyan O.A. Osobennosti osvoeniya studentami dialekticheskikh struktur v nauchnom soderzhanii. Kazanskii pedagogicheskii zhurnal. 2011. № 5. P. 78–82. (In Russian)

21. Arlin P. Dialectical thinking: Further implication for Creative thinking. Encyclopedia of Creativity. Eds. Runko A. M., Pritzer S. L. Vol. 1. Academic Press, 2011. P. 383–386.

22. Basseches M. Dialectical schemata. A framework for the empirical study of the development of dialectical thinking. Human Development. 1980. V. 23. P. 400–421. https://doi.org/10.1159/000272600

23. Bhaskar R., Esbjorn-Hargens S., Hedlund-De Witt N., Hartwig, M. Metatheory for the anthropocene: Emancipatory praxis for planetary flourishing.London, UK: Routeledge, 2016.

24. Goossens, F.A., Ijzendoorn, M.H.: Een kritische analyse van het wetenschapstheoretische en methodologische werk van Klaus F. Riegel.. Psychologie en Maatschappij. 1980. V. 12. P. 384–409.

25. Hoffman W. C. The Formal Structure of Dialectical Psychology. Journ. of Mind Theory. 2012. V.1. P. 1–27.

26. Laske O. Laske's Dialectical Thought Form Framework (DTF) as a Tool for Creating Integral Collaborations: Applying Bhaskar's Four Moments of Dialectic to Reshaping Cognitive Development as a Social Practice. Integral review. 2015. V. 11. P. 72–92.

27. Masalimova A.R., Mikhaylovsky M.N., Grinenko AV., Smirnova M.E., Andryushchenko L. B., Kochkina M.A., Kochetkov I.G. Тhe interrelation between cognitive styles and copying strategies among student youth.. Eurasia Journ. of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education. 2019. V. 15(4), em1695. https://doi.org/10.29333/ejmste/103565

28. Norenzayan A., Smith E.E., Kim B.J., Nisbett R.E. Cognitive science 2002.№ 26 (5). 653–684.

29. Peng K., Nisbett R. E. Dialectical responses to questions on dialectical thinking. American Psychologis. 2000. V. 55. P. 1067–1068. https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.55.9.1067

30. Piaget J. Les Formes Elementaires de la Dialectique. P., 1980.

31. Riegel K.F. Dialectic operation: the final period of cognitive development. Human Development. 1973. V. 16. P. 346–370. https://doi.org/10.1159/000271287

32. Zabelina E.V.,Fortunato V.J. Development of a Russian version of the mindtime profile inventory: the measurement of past, present, and future thinking in a Russian sample. Psychology in Russia.2019. P.:146-164. https://doi.org/10.11621/pir.2019.0211

Система Orphus

Loading...
Up