Attachment in children with experience of institutionalization Part II. Living in substitute families

Publication type Article
Status Published
Occupation: professor, head of child and parent mental health and early intervention division at department of psychology
Affiliation: St. Petersburg University
Address: Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation
Occupation: Graduate student at division of child and parent mental health and early intervention at department of psychology
Affiliation: St. Petersburg state University
Address: Universitetskaya Emb., 7–9
Occupation: Junior researcher at division of child and parent mental health and early intervention at department of psychology
Affiliation: St. Petersburg state University
Address: Universitetskaya Emb., 7–9
Occupation: associate professor at the department of pedagogical psychology
Affiliation: Adyghe State University
Address: Russian Federation
Journal namePsikhologicheskii zhurnal
EditionVolume 41 Issue 6

Despite significant changes in the national system of care for children left without parental care and growth of the number of children in substitute families, little has been published in Russia on attachment in children with experience of institutionalization transferred to substitute (foster, adoptive) families. Presented in the previous issue of this journal part 1 of the work was aimed to review research articles on attachment in institutionalized children. The aim of the part 2 is to analyze the peer reviewed publications of studies regarding attachment and associated factors in children living in substitute (foster and adoptive) families. Observational assessments showed that children with experience of institutionalization living in substitute families showed more attachment security and less disorganization than children in institutions. Such positive changes in attachment types distribution depend on several factors, especially - the age of transition from institution to substitute family. Further research is needed in the Russian Federation on children with institutional experience including research on implementation of evidence-based intervention programs in domestic substitute families.

KeywordsAttachment, children, institutional experience, substitute family, evidence-based intervention programs
AcknowledgmentFunding: The reported study was funded by RFBR, project number 19-113-50402\19.
Publication date27.11.2020
Number of characters25853
100 rub.
When subscribing to an article or issue, the user can download PDF, evaluate the publication or contact the author. Need to register.

Number of purchasers: 1, views: 1048

Readers community rating: votes 0

1. Ainsworth M.D.S., Blehar M., Waters E., Wall S. Patterns of attachment: A psychological study of the Strange Situation. Hillsdale. N.J.: Erlbaum, 1978.

2. Bakermans-Kranenburg M.J., Steele H., Zeanah C.H., Muhamedrahimov R.J., Vorria P., Dobrova-Krol N.A., Steele M., Van IJzendoorn M.H., Juffer F., Gunnar M.R. Attachment and emotional development in institutional care: characteristics and catch up // Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development. 2011. V. 76. № 4. P. 62–91.

3. Barone L., Ozturk Y., Lionetti F. The key role of positive parenting and children’s temperament in post‐institutionalized children’s socio‐emotional adjustment after adoption placement. A RCT study // Social Development. 2019. V. 28. № 1. P. 136–151.

4. Bernard K., Dozier M., Bick J., Lewis-Morrarty E., Lindhiem O., Carlson E. Enhancing attachment organization among maltreated children: Results of a randomized clinical trial // Child Development. 2012. V. 83. № 2. P. 623–636.

5. Bowlby J. Attachment and loss. 1. Attachment. N.Y.: Basic Books, 1969.

6. Chaffin M., Hanson R., Saunders B.E., Nichols T., Barnett D., Zeanah C., Berliner L., Egeland B., Newman E., Lyon T., LeTourneau E., Miller-Perrin C. Report of the APSAC Task Force on Attachment Therapy, Reactive Attachment Disorder, and Attachment Problems // Child Maltreatment. 2006. V. 11. № 1. P. 76–89.

7. Chisholm K. A three year follow-up of attachment and indiscriminate friendliness in children adopted from Romanian orphanages // Child Development. 1998. V. 69. № 4. P. 1092–1106.

8. Dozier M., Bernard K. Coaching parents of vulnerable infants: attachment and biobehavioral catch-up approach. N.Y.: Guilford Press, 2019.

9. Fisher P.A., Gunnar M.R., Dozier M., Bruce J., Pears K.C. Effects of therapeutic interventions for foster children on behavioral problems, caregiver attachment, and stress regulatory neural systems // Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 2006. V. 1094. P. 215–225.

10. Goldfarb W. The effects of early institutional care on adolescent personality // Journal of Experimental Education. 1943. V. 12. P. 106–129.

11. Hodges J., Tizard B. Social and family relationships of ex-institutional adolescents // Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 1989. V. 30. P. 77–97.

12. Juffer F., Struis E., Werner C., Bakermans-Kranenburg M.J. Effective preventive interventions to support parents of young children: Illustrations from the Video-feedback Intervention to promote Positive Parenting and Sensitive Discipline (VIPP-SD) // Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community. 2017. V. 45. № 3. P. 202–214.

13. Muhamedrahimov R.J., Chernego D.I., Dozier M., Aslamazova L.A. Attachment Based Early Intervention for Young Children with Institutional Experience Following Substitute Family Care // Book of Abstracts: XVI European Congress of Psychology (ECP 2019) (2‒5 July, 2019, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow). 2019. P. 163–164.

14. O’Connor T.G., Marvin R.S., Rutter M., Olrick J.T., Britner P.A. Child-parent attachment following early institutional deprivation // Development and Psychopathology. 2003. V. 15. № 1. P. 19–38.

15. O’Connor T.G., Rutter M., Beckett C., Keaveney L., Kreppner J.M. The English and Romanian Adoptees Study Team. The effects of global severe privation on cognitive competence: Extension and longitudinal follow-up // Child Development. 2000. V. 71. P. 376–390.

16. O’Connor T.G., Rutter M. The English and Romanian Adoptees Study Team. Attachment disorder behavior following early severe deprivation: Extension and longitudinal follow-up // Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 2000. V. 39. №. 6. P. 703–712.

17. Rutter M., Sonuga-Barke E.J. Conclusions: Overview of findings from the ERA study, inferences, and research implications // Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development. 2010. V. 75. P. 212–229.

18. Smyke A.T., Zeanah C.H., Fox N.A., Nelson C.A., Guthrie D. Placement in foster care enhances quality of attachment among young institutionalized children // Child Development. 2010. V. 81. P. 212–223.

19. Smyke A.T., Zeanah C.H., Gleason M.M., Drury S.S., Fox N.A., Nelson C.A., Guthrie D.G. A randomized controlled trial of foster care vs. institutional care for children with signs of reactive attachment disorder // American Journal of Psychiatry. 2012. V. 169. № 5. P. 508–514.

20. Soares I., Belsky J., Oliveira P., Silva J., Marques S., Baptista J., Martins C. Does early family risk and current quality of care predict indiscriminate social behavior in institutionalized Portuguese children? // Attachment & Human Development. 2014. V. 16. № 2. P. 137–148.

21. Sonuga-Barke E., Kennedy M., Kumsta R., Knights N., Golm D., Rutter M., Maughan B., Schlotz W., Kreppner J. Child-to-adult neurodevelopmental and mental health trajectories after early life deprivation: the young adult follow-up of the longitudinal English and Romanian Adoptees study // Lancet. 2017. V. 389. P. 1539–1548.

22. Sroufe A., Egeland B., Carlson E., Collins A. The development of the person: the Minnesota study of risk and adaptation from birth to adulthood. N.Y.: The Guilford Press, 2005.

23. The St. Petersburg–USA Orphanage Research Team. The effects of early social-emotional and relationship experience on the development of young orphanage children // Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development. 2008. V.73. №. 3. St. Petersburg: Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 2009.

24. Timmer S.G., Urquiza A.J., Zebell N. Challenging foster caregiver–maltreated child relationships: The effectiveness of Parent-Child Interaction Therapy // Children and Youth Services Review. 2006. V. 28. P. 1–19.

25. Van den Dries L., Juffer F., Van IJzendoorn M.H., Bakermans-Kranenburg M.J., Alink L.R. Infants' responsiveness, attachment, and indiscriminate friendliness after international adoption from institutions or foster care in China: application of Emotional Availability Scales to adoptive families // Developmental Psychopathology. 2012. V. 24. №. 1. P. 49–64.

26. Van den Dries L., Juffer F., Van IJzendoorn M.H., Bakermans-Kranenburg M.J. Fostering security? A meta-analysis of attachment in adopted children // Child Youth Services Review. 2009. V. 31. P. 410–421.

27. Van IJzendoorn M.H., Juffer F. Adoption as intervention. Meta-analytic evidence for massive catch-up and plasticity in physical, socio-emotional and cognitive development // Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 2006. V. 47. P. 1228–1245.

28. Van IJzendoorn M.H., Schuengel C., Bakermans-Kranenburg M.J. Disorganized attachment in early childhood: Meta-analysis of precursors, concomitants, and sequelae // Development and Psychopathology. 1999. V. 11. P. 225−249.

29. Van IJzendoorn M.H., Vereijken C.M.J.L., Bakermans-Kranenburg M.J., Riksen-Walraven J.M. Assessing attachment security with the attachment Q Sort: Meta-Analytic evidence for the validity of the observer AQS // Child Development. 2004. V. 75. № 4. P. 1188–1213.

30. Vorria P., Ntouma M., Vairami M., Rutter M. Attachment relationships of adolescents who spent their infancy in residential group care: The Greek Metera study // Attachment & Human Development. 2015. V. 17. № 3. P. 257–271.

31. Zeanah C.H., Nelson C.A., Fox N.A., Smyke A.T., Marshall P., Parker S.W., Koga S. Designing research to study the effects of institutionalization on brain and behavioral development: The Bucharest Early Intervention Project // Development and Psychopathology. 2003. V. 15. № 4. P. 885–907.

32. Zeanah C.H, Smyke A.T., Dumitrescu A. Attachment disturbances in young children. II: Indiscriminate behavior and institutional care // Journal of the American Academy of Child Adolescent Psychiatry. 2002. V. 41. № 8. P. 983–989.

33. Zeanah C.H., Smyke A.T., Koga S.F., Carlson E., The BEIP Core Group. Attachment in institutionalized and community children in Romania // Child Development. 2005. V. 76. № 5. P. 1015–1028.

Система Orphus