2018 Nobel Prize Laureates in Physics: Arthur Ashkin, Gerard Mourou, and Donna Strickland

 
PIIS0032874X0003334-6-1
DOI10.31857/S0032874X0003334-6
Publication type Article
Status Published
Authors
Occupation: Corresponding Member of the RAS
Affiliation: Institute of Applied Physics, RAS
Address: Nizhny Novgorod, Russia
Journal namePriroda
EditionIssue №12
Pages69-74
Abstract

Arthur Ashkin (USA), Gerard Mourou (France), and Donna Strickland (Canada) became Nobel Prize winners in physics this year. The decision of the Nobel Committee of the Swedish Academy of Sciences notes that their discoveries made a revolution in laser physics and “today extremely small objects and incredibly fast processes are now been seen in a new light”. A.Ashkin invented laser tweezers, with which you can manipulate particles, living cells, and even atoms with a laser beam. J.Mourou and D.Strikland solved a problem that had long been considered unsolvable: together they found a way to multiply the laser pulse by its stretching and compressing. The practical results of this discovery are used in ophthalmology, metalworking, and basic research.

KeywordsNobel Prize, laser, Ashkin tweezers, chirped#pulse enhancement, stretcher, Treacy compressor, Martinez compressor
Received14.01.2019
Publication date14.01.2019
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5. Martinez O.E. 3000 times grating compressor with positive group velocity dispersion: Application to fiber compensation in 1,3–1,6 jam region. IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics. 1987; 23: 59–64.

6. Pessot M., Maine P., Mourou G. 1000 times expansion/compression of optical pulses for chirped pulse amplification. Opt. Commun. 1987; 62: 419–421.

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