2018 Nobel Prize Laureates in Physics: Arthur Ashkin, Gerard Mourou, and Donna Strickland

Publication type Article
Status Published
Occupation: Corresponding Member of the RAS
Affiliation: Institute of Applied Physics, RAS
Address: Nizhny Novgorod, Russia
Journal namePriroda
EditionIssue №12

Arthur Ashkin (USA), Gerard Mourou (France), and Donna Strickland (Canada) became Nobel Prize winners in physics this year. The decision of the Nobel Committee of the Swedish Academy of Sciences notes that their discoveries made a revolution in laser physics and “today extremely small objects and incredibly fast processes are now been seen in a new light”. A.Ashkin invented laser tweezers, with which you can manipulate particles, living cells, and even atoms with a laser beam. J.Mourou and D.Strikland solved a problem that had long been considered unsolvable: together they found a way to multiply the laser pulse by its stretching and compressing. The practical results of this discovery are used in ophthalmology, metalworking, and basic research.

KeywordsNobel Prize, laser, Ashkin tweezers, chirped#pulse enhancement, stretcher, Treacy compressor, Martinez compressor
Publication date14.01.2019
Cite   Download pdf To download PDF you should sign in
Размещенный ниже текст является ознакомительной версией и может не соответствовать печатной

views: 230

Readers community rating: votes 0

1. Ashkin A. Optical trapping and manipulation of neutral particles using lasers. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 1997; 94: 4853–4860.

2. Maiman T. Stimulated optical radiation in ruby. Nature. 1960; 187: 493 494.

3. Strickland D., Mourou G. Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses. Optics Communications. 1985; 56: 219–221.

4. Treacy E.B. Optical pulse compression with diffraction gratings. IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics. 1969; 5: 454–458.

5. Martinez O.E. 3000 times grating compressor with positive group velocity dispersion: Application to fiber compensation in 1,3–1,6 jam region. IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics. 1987; 23: 59–64.

6. Pessot M., Maine P., Mourou G. 1000 times expansion/compression of optical pulses for chirped pulse amplification. Opt. Commun. 1987; 62: 419–421.

Система Orphus