Origins and Development of Japanese Automotive Industry in 1920-1945, the Case of Toyota Motor Company

Publication type Article
Status Published
Occupation: Junior Research Fellow, Center for Global and Regional Studies
Affiliation: Institute of History, Archeology and Ethnography of the Peoples of the Far East, Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Address: 690001, Primorsky Territory, Vladivostok, st. Pushkinskaya, 89
Journal nameProblemy Dalnego Vostoka
EditionIssue 1

The paper addresses the issue of Japanese automotive industry development focusing the case of Toyota Motor Company. The historical background effected the emergence of national automakers is described. The main internal and external factors (industrial policy, socio-economic problems, Chino-Japanese and Pacific Wars and etc.) that have influenced the process of establishing of the Japanese automobile industry. The author points out the role of Toyoda Kiichiro, the founder of Toyota Motor Company, who defined the unique approach to company development and managed to adapt its operations to dramatically changing circumstances of wartime economy. The two main periods of company evolution are revealed. The first period characterizes the performance of Toyota as a structural division of Toyoda Automatic Loom Company emphasizing the design of passenger automobile. The second period illustrates the activities of an independent automotive company fully incorporated into a war-oriented economy. It concludes that, state policy towards automotive industry created the favorable environment for national companies.

KeywordsAutomotive industry, Japanese history, industrial policy of Japan, Toyota
Publication date17.03.2023
Number of characters40632
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