Moscow-Beijing Eurasian Axis: Challenges and Levels of Engagement

Publication type Article
Status Published
Occupation: Member of research team «Multivariate analysis of the "Asian turn" in Russian foreign policy (achievements, problems, prospects)»
Affiliation: Moscow State Institute of International Relations, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation (MGIMO University)
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Journal nameProblemy Dalnego Vostoka
EditionIssue 2

Over the 20 years that have passed since the signing of the Treaty of Friendship in June 2001, Russian-Chinese relations have become one of the key factors for global development. Despite the active opposition of the West, their importance to world politics is steadily increasing. At bilateral, regional and global levels of interaction Russia and China face serious challenges, but both states invariably manage to find effective responses to them. As the Sino-American rivalry intensifies, Russia's role is constantly increasing. Russia and China demonstrate complementarity at bilateral economic level as well as at a global level, that allows them to meet common challenges to establishing new international order and withstand the pressure of the West. The extension of the Treaty both reaffirmed the strategic nature of the relationship and opened new areas of engagement, including ideological ones. Amid deepening contradictions and formations of new blocs in the Indo-Pacific region aimed to contain China, Russian-Chinese interaction is becoming increasingly interdependent without becoming a formal alliance. It can be described by the concept of axis, i.e. a form of close and coordinated interaction of major nations.

KeywordsRussian-Chinese relations, extension of the 2001 Sino-Russian Treaty, military-political alliance, axis, ideological conflicts
AcknowledgmentThe study was supported by a grant from the Russian Science Foundation (project No. 19-18-00142).
Publication date19.04.2022
Number of characters39114
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