Multiple Modernities: The Features of Bureaucratic Hierarchy and Corruption in Clan Society

 
PIIS086904990011539-4-1
Publication type Article
Status Published
Authors
Occupation: Professor, Chief Researcher
Affiliation:
NRU HSE
RANEPA
Address: 20, Myasnitskaya st., Moscow, 101000 Russian Federation
Occupation: Student, professor’s assistant
Affiliation: NRU HSE
Address: 20, Myasnitskaya st., Moscow, 101000 Russian Federation
Journal nameObshchestvennye nauki i sovremennost
EditionIssue 2
Pages91-103
Abstract

The article presents analytical efficiency of the new approach to political processes and to the public administration theory based on “multiple modernities” concept. The authors note that public administration theories are not universal. Moreover, the theories are inapplicable outside the countries with liberal-democratic regimes, especially in the states with “hybrid” political regimes and a mixed system of economic, social and cultural relations. These political and socio-economic development types of states can rarely be defined as temporary and transitional, they are rather extremely stable. This is especially true in Eastern societies preserved clan system and patron-client relationships, which permeate the entire civil service hierarchy. The two Central Asian countries Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan were chosen to show that these types of relationship give a rise to corruption, but it simultaneously performs a number of important social functions and even can be used as the resource for modernization by the authorities. The evolutionary transformation of the Eastern society public administration is far from the models described in the framework of the single line modernization theories and liberal-democratic theories of public administration. The article proves the hypothesis about the feasibility of the transition to the “multiple modernities” paradigm and formed “convergent” approach in the development of public administration theory. 

Keywordsglobalization, “hybrid regimes”, clan system, corruption, modernization, universalism
Received14.09.2020
Publication date10.04.2017
Number of characters1773
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