Diasporas in the Changing Global Architectonics

 
PIIS013122270002974-2-1
DOI10.20542/0131-2227-2018-62-11-108-115
Publication type Article
Status Published
Authors
Occupation: Senior Researcher
Affiliation: Rudomino All-Russian State Library for Foreign Literature
Address: Moscow, Russian Federation
Occupation: Principal Researcher
Affiliation: Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russian Academy of Science (IMEMO)
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation
Journal nameMirovaia ekonomika i mezhdunarodnye otnosheniia
EditionVolume 62 Issue 11
Pages108-115
Abstract

More than a half century ago, an outstanding English historian and political thinker Arnold Joseph Toynbee visualizing the future wrote that the previous world of separate and territorially limited civilizations would be gradually transformed into the world of plural, huge and universal diasporas of different ethnic, religious, cultural backgrounds. The growth and expansion of present-day migrations is one of decisive features of the Global World structure and dynamics. As an outcome of wars, hungers, ecological catastrophes, ethnical and religious conflicts, predominance of local dictatorships, etc., millions and millions of human beings willy-nilly have to forsake their native birthplaces in search of favorable existence conditions. These massive processes drastically modify the whole picture of universal social, political and cultural history. The former world of relatively isolated civilizations seems to be almost finished; old European notions of tolerance and civil society need some kind of reconsideration; Oriental or Semi-Oriental clan structures are intensively “exported” to the countries of the West as well as to the Slavic area. This complex of circumstances provokes new challenges of xenophobia and mass right wing populism. All old notions of homogenous nation-state as well as those of “multiculturalism” seem to be obsolete. Thus, one of important imperatives of the present-day diasporized world seems to be connected with the search for new forms of cultural and political thinking based on renovated philosophical and political outlook.

Keywordsdiasporas, globalization, history, retrospective of history, identity, tolerance, civil society, xenophobia, populism, survival
Received08.12.2018
Publication date14.12.2018
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