Iberoamerica: from the “generation of crisis” to the “generation of pandemic”

 
PIIS0044748X0026332-4-1
DOI10.31857/S0044748X0026332-4
Publication type Article
Status Published
Authors
Affiliation: Institute of Latin America, RAS
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Journal nameLatin America
EditionIssue 7
Pages40-56
Abstract

According to statistics, at least 2/3 of the population of the Iberoamerican countries are young people under the age of 29-30. Today this generation with different social status, ethnic origins, different levels of education and professional training is facing ever greater life difficulties. Many young people are deprived of the employment opportunities, due to the unemployment, which has become a consequence of the pandemic, youth poverty rates are growing, and the number of NEET group who are “Not in Education, neither in Employment, or Training” is increasing. The article aims to identify the common and particular challenges of the young generation in Latin America and the Iberian Peninsula. The author aims to show how the Iberoamerican situation coincides with the global trend or differs from it. Particular attention is paid to government’s attempts on both sides of the Atlantic to mitigate the plight of the "Covid generation", and the efforts to prevent the risks of growing frustration and disappointment among young people. The results of sociological surveys allow to get the opinion of young Latin Americans, Spaniards and Portuguese about the public policies effectiveness (or limitations) aimed at the needs of the Iberoamerican youth.

KeywordsLatin America, Iberian countries, youth´s situation, NEET generation, European and Latin American youth policies
Received28.02.2023
Publication date21.07.2023
Number of characters34533
Cite  
100 rub.
When subscribing to an article or issue, the user can download PDF, evaluate the publication or contact the author. Need to register.

Number of purchasers: 1, views: 177

Readers community rating: votes 0

1. UN World Youth Report 2011: Youth Employment: Youth Perspectives on the Pursuit of Decent Work in Changing Times. Available at: https://www.youthpolicy.org/library/documents/world-youth-report-2011-youth-employment-youth-perspectives-on-the-pursuit-of-decent-work-in-changing-times/ (accessed 10.03.2022).

2. Global Employment Trends for Youth. International labour office. Geneva: ILO, 2012, 57 p.

3. Marquardt F. Davos should turn its attention to the world's generational crisis. The Guardian. London, 19.01.2016. Available at: https://www.theguardian.com/busi-ness/2016/jan/19/davos-should-turn-its-attention-to-the-worlds-generational-crisis (accessed 10.03.2022).

4. Informe regional de población en América Latina y el Caribe 2011: invertir en juventud. EPAL/UNFPA. Santiago, 2012, 140 p.

5. Kuznetsova Eh.E. Legko li byt' molodym? Problemy latinoamerikanskoj molodezhi. Iberoamerikanskie tetradi, MGIMO (U), Moskva, 2014, 3(5), ss.95-108.

6. Portes J. The lasting scars of the Covid-19. Channels and the impacts. VOX. CEPR Policy Portal, 01.06.2020. Available at: https://cepr.org/voxeu/columns/lasting-scars-covid-19-crisis-channels-and-impacts (accessed 11.05.2022).

7. Tendencias Mundiales del Empleo Juvenil 2022. Resumen ejecutivo. ILO, 2022. Available at: https://www.oitcinterfor.org/tendencias-mundiales-del-empleo-juvenil-2022-invertir-transfor-macion-futuros-jovenes (accessed 11.02.2023).

8. Bulanova M. B, Artamonova E.A. NEET-molodezh': evropejskij kontekst i rossijskie realii. Vestnik RUDN. Seriya: SOTsIOLOGIYa, 2020, t. 20, №1, ss. 64—72.

9. Participation of young people in education and the labour market. Statistics Explained. Eurostat. Available at: https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php?title=Participa-tion_of_young_people_in_education_and_the_labour_market (accessed 12.02.2023).

10. EFE: Italia bate récords con 3 millones de nini: ni estudian ni trabajan. Clarín (B.A), 15/11/2022. Available at: https://titulos.com.ar/amp/clarin/italia-bate-records-con-3-millones-de-nini-ni-estudian-ni-trabajan/140531506 (accessed 12.12.2022).

11. Education at a Glance, 2020: OECD Indicators. OECD Publishing, Paris, 2020, 478 p. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1787/69096873-en (accessed 05.05.2022).

12. Education at a glance, 2021: OECD Indicators, OECD Publishing, Paris, 2021, 474 p. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1787/b35a14e5-en (accessed 05.05.2022).

13. Share of youth not in education, employment or training (% of youth population). World Development Indicators, World Bank. 2022. Available at: https://data.world-bank.org/indicator/SL.UEM.NEET (accessed 12.02.2023).

14. (Re)significando a los jóvenes que ni estudian ni trabajan. (Coord. Navarrete López E.L, Innato M. P.). El Colegio Mexiquense, A.C., Casa Toluca, 2021, 494 p.

15. Ferraz A. Neither-Nor youth grows during pandemic. The Brazilian Report. Río de Janeiro. 18 may 2021. Available at: https://brazilian.report/liveblog/2021/05/18/youth-unemployment-grows-during-the-pandemic/ (accessed 12.05.2022).

16. Ermol'eva Eh.G. Aktual'naya povestka dnya: problemy latinoamerikanskoj molodezhi. Latinskaya Amerika, 2019, № 1, sc. 12-27.

17. Kiss L., Fotheringhame D., Quinlan-Davidson M. Latin American young NEETs: Brazil as a case study for systemic risks of youth social exclusion. Journal of Youth Studies. London, Routledge, 2021. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1080/13676261.2021.1965107 (accessed 09.06.2022).

18. Transition from school to work. Stats OECD, 2021. Available at: https://stats.oecd.org/Index.aspx?DataSetCode=EAG_TRANS (accessed 09.05.2022).

19. Estadísticas e Indicadores. CEPAL Stat, 2021. Available at: https://statistics.cepal.org/portal/cepalstat (accessed 13.05.2022).

20. Uno de cada dos trabajadores tiene empleo informal en Latinoamérica: OIT. Bloomberg en Linea, 14/02/2023. Available at: https://www.bloomberglinea.com/2023/02/14/una-de-cada-dos-personas-tiene-trabajo-informal-en-latinoamerica-oit/ (accessed 20.02.2023).

21. Bichara da Silva J. et al. La informalidad y la duración del desempleo de los jóvenes en Latinoamérica. Especial referencia a Ecuador. Revista de economía mundial. Universidad de Huelva. España, 2022, N 60. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33776/rem.v0i60.5470 (accessed 20.01.2023).

22. Hualde Alfaro A., Ayala Correa G. Labor Informality During the Pandemic: Crisis and Recovery in México. Revista de Economía Mundial. Universidad de Huelva. España, 2022, N 60. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33776/rem.v0i60.5527 (accessed 21.01.2023).

23. CEPAL. Panorama Social de América Latina y el Caribe. Santiago. Naciones Unidas. 2022, 282 p.

24. Ispaniya: trudnyj vybor v usloviyakh neopredelennosti (otv. red. V.M. Tajar). M., ILA RAN, seriya «Sammit», 2022, 193 c

25. Persons at risk of poverty or social exclusion by age. Eurostat. Available at: https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/products-eurostat-news/w/DDN-20230614-1 12.02.2023).

26. Panorama Laboral 2022. Anexo estadístico. Lima: OIT. Oficina Regional para América Latina y el Caribe, 2022, 242 p.

27. Ermólieva E. Tiempos nublados para la juventud ibérica en el mundo global. Iberoamerica, Moscow, 2018, N 2, pp. 98-123.

28. Howe, N., Strauss, W. Generations: The History of America's Future, 1584 to 2069. New York: William Morrow & Company, 1991, 538 p.

29. Howe, N., Strauss, W. Millennials Rising: The Next Great Generation. Knopf Doubleday Publishing. N.-Y. 2000, 432 p.

30. Radaev V.V. Milllenialy: kak menyaetsya rossijskoe obschestvo, ID VShEh, 2019, 224 s.

31. Millennials vs Gen Z: How Are They Different? – Talkative. Available at: https://gettalkative.com/info/millennials-vs-gen-z-infograpic#: ~:text=Generation% 20Z% 2C%20 commonly%20known%20aswith%20over%202%20billion%20members (accessed 23.02.2023).

32. ¿Cómo la Generación Z está cambiando la fuerza de trabajo? La Fundación Universitaria Iberoamericana (FUNIBER), 18.06.2022. Available at: https://blogs.funi-ber.org/direccion-empresa-rial/2022/06/18/funiber-como-generacion-z-esta-cambiando-fuerza-de-trabajo (accessed 19.12.2022).

33. No Home for the Young? An Economic Lens for the Growth and Well-Being. OECD. June 2022. Available at: https://oecdecoscope.blog/2022/06/29/no-home-for-the-young/ (accessed 23.01.2023).

34. Encuesta de las Naciones Unidas sobre Juventudes de América Latina y el Caribe dentro del Contexto de la Pandemia del COVID-19. Santiago, Naciones Unidas, 2021, 62 p.

35. Encuesta FLASH: Generación de cristal. Observatorio de Juventud en Iberoamérica. Available at: https://oji.fundacion-sm.org/encuestas-flash-sondeo-2 (accessed 23.02.2023).

36. Carvajalino K. ¿Cómo vive cada generación los cambios del Covid-19? Forbes, Bogota. Available at: https://forbes.co/2020/04/03/red-forbes/como-vive-cada-generacion-los-cambios-del-covid-19 (accessed 23.05.2022).

37. Jóvenes en Argentina 2021. Available at: https://oji.fundacion-sm.org/jovenes-en-argentina-2021 (accessed 23.11.2022).

38. Pesquisa Juventudes no Brasil 2021.Available at: https://oji.fundacion-sm.org/pesquisa-juventudes-no-brasil-2021/?lang=pt-br (accessed 23.11.2022).

39. Juventudes colombianas, 2021. Available at: https://www.fundacion-sm.org/presentacion-del-informe-juventudes-colombianas-2021-preocupaciones-intereses-y-creencias/ (accessed 23.11.2022).

40. Jóvenes españoles 2021. Available at: https://www.fundacion-sm.org/jovenes-espanoles-2021-ser-joven-en-tiempos-de-pandemia/ (accessed 24.11.2022).

41. Jóvenes en Ecuador, 2021. Available at: https://oji.fundacion-sm.org/jovenes-en-ecuador/ (accessed 24.11.2022).

42. Observatorio de la Juventud Iberoamericana. Jóvenes en Iberoamérica 2021. Principales conclusiones. Available at: https://oji.fundacion-sm.org/jovenes-en-iberoamerica-2021/ (accessed 19.12.2022).

43. Global Shapers Community Celebrating a Decade of Impact. Driving Action to Achieve the Global Goals. Available at: https://www.weforum.org/reports/global-shapers-community-celebrating-decade-of-impact/ (accessed 21.02.2023).

44. McCrindle M. Meet Alpha: The Next ‘Next Generation’. The New York Times. N.-Y. 19.09.2015. Available at: https://www.nytimes.com/2015/09/19/fashion/meet-alpha-the-next-next-generation.html (accessed 25.05.2022).

45. What have countries done to support young people in the COVID-19 crisis? OECD. Brief Note, 2021. Available at: https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/policy-responses/what-have-countries-done-to-support-young-people-in-the-covid-19-crisis-ac9f056c/ (accessed 25.01.2023).

46. Delivering for youth: How governments can put young people at the center of the recovery. OECD, 2022, 57 r. Available at: https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/policy-responses/delivering-for-youth-how-governments-can-put-young-people-at-the-centre-of-the-reco-very-92c9d060 (accessed 27.01.2023).

47. Costa Rica: MIDEPLAN (2021). Estrategia Económica Territorial para una Economía Inclusiva y Descarbonizada 2020-2050 en Costa Rica. Available at: https://www.mideplan.go.cr/estrategia-economica-territorial-para-una-economia-inclusiva-y-des-carbonizada-2020-2050-en-costa (accessed 27.05.2022).

Система Orphus

Loading...
Up