The Russian system of pre-trial proceedings as a synthesis of different types of criminal procedure

Publication type Article
Status Published
Occupation: Chief researcher of the Sector of Criminal Law, Criminal Procedure and Criminology at Institute of State and Law of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Affiliation: Institute of State and Law of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Journal nameGosudarstvo i pravo
EditionIssue 4

The article is devoted to the study of prerequisites that determined the distinctive character of the Russian system of pre-trial proceedings in a criminal case.

Analyzing the vector of development of national criminal justice and criminal procedure legislation, drawing comparative parallels with foreign mechanisms of preliminary investigation, the author comes to the conclusion that the gradual separation of the Soviet and post-Soviet system of pre-trial proceedings was caused by the well-known historical cataclysms of the 20th century. It is noted that a unique model of pre-trial proceedings has been formed in Russian Federation that represents a chaotic synthesis of various, including poorly compatible, elements inherent in different types of criminal proceedings.

Keywordsinquiry, pre-trial proceedings, history of criminal proceedings, bodies of inquiry, bodies of preliminary investigation, preliminary inquiry, preliminary investigation, system of pre-trial proceedings, investigator, criminal justice
AcknowledgmentThe article was written on the state assignment of the Institute of State and Law of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Subject of research work No. FMUZ-2021-0043 “The concept of the criminal law policy of the Russian Federation”.
Publication date28.04.2023
Number of characters28964
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