What's after the city? Perspectives on the rural-urban path of life

 
PIIS023620070022791-7-1
DOI10.31857/S023620070022791-7
Publication type Article
Status Published
Authors
Occupation: Prof., Chair of General Sociology; Chief Researcher
Affiliation:
National Research University “Higher School of Economics”
Institute of Sociology of FCTAS RAS
Address: 11 Pokrovsky Blvrd., Moscow 109028, Russian Federation; 24/35/5 Krzhizhanovsky Str., 117218 Moscow, Russian Federation
Occupation: Ph.D. stud. of Doctoral School of Sociology
Affiliation: National Research University Higher School of Economics
Address: 11 Pokrovsky Blvrd., Moscow 109028, Russian Federation
Affiliation: National Research University Higher School of Economics
Address: 11 Pokrovsky Blvrd., Moscow 109028, Russian Federation
Journal nameChelovek
EditionVolume 33 Issue 5
Pages44-62
Abstract

The article considers a wide range of general, theoretical, and practical issues related to the process of the centrifugal migration from the big cities to the so-called “small territories” (small towns and rural settlements). Is the urban form of settlement structure (especially megapolises) a timeless and entirely positive and non-alternative civilizational construction, stretching into an infinite perspective of the distant future, or does the modern city, filled with internal and external contradictions, constantly generates its antithesis in the form of reverse migration and the desire to live and work outside the urban environment? The cult of cities and urbanization, gradually formed in the early Modern History, has gradually generated and is currently generating a deep criticism of the phenomenon of urban life and, as a consequence, the process of de-urbanization. The article examines modern theories of de-urbanization (counterurbanization) and, on the basis of in-depth interviews, reconstructs various versions of the centrifugal motivations of “fugitives” migrants from the metropolis. These themes have become particularly important in recent years, marked by the total pandemic of COVID-19, which forced urbanitess to leave the cities in large numbers and settle in out-of-town space. The theme continues to resonate today, as the threat of an all-out military conflict, in the context of which the city becomes a particularly vulnerable target, has become evident.

Keywordsdisurbanization, counterurbanization, mobility, centrifugal migration, pandemic, Coronavirus infection, non-urban space, adaptation strategies of urbanites, the role of “small” non-urban territories
Received08.11.2022
Publication date09.11.2022
Number of characters32638
Cite  
100 rub.
When subscribing to an article or issue, the user can download PDF, evaluate the publication or contact the author. Need to register.

Number of purchasers: 0, views: 312

Readers community rating: votes 0

1. Mezhdu domom i ... domom. Vozvratnaya prostranstvennaya mobil`nost` naseleniya Rossii [Between Home and ... Home. Reversible Spatial Mobility of the Population of Russia], ed. by T.G. Nefedova, K.V. Averkieva, A.G. Makhrova. Moscow: Novy`j Khronograf Publ., 2016.

2. Dostoevsky F.M. Poln. sobr. soch. V 30 t. [Complete Works in 30 vol.]. Vol. 30. Book 1. Leningrad: Nauka Publ., 1972.

3. Simmel G. Bol'shie goroda i duhovnaya zhizn' [The Metropolis and Mental Life]. Logos. 2002. Vol. 3. N 34. P. 1–12.

4. Makhrova, A. G., Nefedova, T. G. Smozhet li pandemiya Covid-19 stimulirovat` suburbanizacziyu v Czentral`noj Rossii? [Will the Covid-19 Pandemic be Able to Stimulate Suburbanization in Central Russia?]. Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta [Bulletin of Moscow University]. Series 5. Geografy. 2021. N 4. P. 104–115.

5. Nikolaeva U.G. Ekonomicheskaya arhaika i sovremennost' [Economic Archaism and Modernity]. Moscow: Dashkov & Co Publ., 2005.

6. Otchet po danny`m o kolichestve peredvizhenij [Movement Data Report]. [Electronic resource]. URL: https://covid19.apple.com/mobility (date of access: 20.03.2022).

7. Pokrovsky N.E., Makshanchikova A.Yu., Nikishin E.A. Obratnaya migracziya v usloviyakh pandemicheskogo krizisa: vnegorodskie prostranstva Rossii kak resurs adaptaczii [Reverse Migration in Pandemic Crisis: Russia's Out-of-Town Spaces as an Adaptation Resource]. Socziologicheskie issledovaniya. 2020. N 12. P. 54–64.

8. Pokrovsky N.E., Nefedova T.G. «Kletochnaya globalizacziya» i tendenczii v sel`skikh soobshhestvakh blizhnego severa Rossii [“Cellular Globalization” and Trends in Rural Communities of the Near North of Russia], Socziologicheskie issledovaniya. 2013. N 4. P. 13–23.

9. Tolstoy L.N. Voskresenie [Resurrection]. Sobranie sochinenij v 22 t. [Collected Works in 22 vol.]. Vol. 13. Moscow: Khudozhestvennaya Literatura Publ., 1983. P. 7–458.

10. Toro G.D. Uolden, ili Zhizn` v lesu [Walden, or Life in the Forest], transl. from English by Z. E. Aleksandrova; ed. by Z.E. Aleksandrova, A.I. Starczev, A.A. Elistratova. Moscow: Academia Nauk SSSR Publ., 1962.

11. Bakewell O. Conceptualizing Displacement and Migration: Processes, Conditions, and Categories. In: The Migration-Displacement Nexus: Patterns, Processes, and Policies. New York; Oxford: Bergahn Books. 2011. P. 14–18.

12. Berry B.J.L. The Counterurbanisation Process: Urban America Since 1970. In: Urbanisation and Counterurbanisation, Urban Affairs Annual Review. 1976. N 11. P. 17.

13. De Luca C., Tondelli S., & Åberg H. The Covid-19 Pandemic Effects in Rural Areas. Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment. 2020. P. 119–132. DOI: 10.6092/1970-9870/6844

14. Denham T. The Limits of Telecommuting: Policy Challenges of Counterurbanisation as a Pandemic Response. Geographical Research, 2021. DOI: 10.1111/1745-5871.12493.

15. Dimke C., Lee M.C., Bayham J. COVID-19 and the Renewed Migration to the Rural West. Western Economics Forum. 2021. Vol. 19. N 1. P. 89–102.

16. Halfacree K. Jumping up from the Armchair: beyond the Idyll in Counterurbanisation. In: Understanding Lifestyle Migration. London: Palgrave Macmillan. 2014. P. 92–115.

17. Kontuly T., Wiard S., Vogelsang R. Counterurbanization in the Federal Republic of Germany. The Professional Geographer. 1986. Vol. 2. N 38. P. 174.

18. Marques C.P., Guedes A., Bento R. Rural Tourism Recovery Between Two COVID-19 Waves: the Case of Portugal. Current Issues in Tourism. 2021. P. 1–7

19. Mitchell C. Making Sense of Counterurbanization. Journal of Rural Studies. 2004. N 5. P. 27.

20. Nikolaeva, U.G, Rusanov A.V. Self-isolation at the dacha: Can’t? Can? Have to? Population and Economics, 2020. N 4 (2). P. 182–198.

21. Park R., Burgess E. The City: Suggestions for the Study of Human Nature in the Urban Environment, University of Chicago Press, Chicago. 1984.

22. Robinson J., Brindley P., Cameron R., MacCarthy D., Jorgensen A. Nature’s Role in Supporting Health During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Geospatial and Socioecological Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021. Vol. 18. N 5:2227.

23. Sassen S. The Global City: New York, London, Tokyo. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2001. Vol. 2.

24. Soga M., Evans M. J., Tsuchiya K., Fukano Y. A Room with a Green View: the Importance of Nearby Nature for Mental Health During the COVID‐19 Pandemic. Ecological Applications. 2021. Vol. 2. N 31.

25. Vaishar A., Šťastná M. Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Rural Tourism in Czechia Preliminary Considerations. Current Issues in Tourism. 2020. P.1–5.

26. Venter Z.S., Barton D.N., Gundersen V., Figari H., Nowell, M.S. Back to nature: Norwegians sustain increased recreational use of urban green space months after the COVID-19 outbreak. Landscape and Urban Planning. 2021. Vol. 214. DOI: 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2021.104175

27. Vining D. R., Kontuly T. Population dispersal from major metropolitan regions: an international comparison. Inr. RegionalSci. Rev. 1978. Vol. 13. N 1. P. 49–73.

28. Willberg E., Järv O., Väisäne, T., Toivonen T. Escaping from Cities during the COVID-19 Crisis: Using Mobile Phone Data to Trace Mobility in Finland. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2021. Vol.10. N 103. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi10020103 (date of access: 20.03.2022).

Система Orphus

Loading...
Up