“Magic Renaissances” and “Philosophical Magic” in the History of Western Culture

 
PIIS023620070008750-2-1
DOI10.31857/S023620070008750-2
Publication type Article
Status Published
Authors
Affiliation:
Address: Russian Federation
Journal nameChelovek
EditionVolume 31 Issue №1
Pages128-154
Abstract

The article covers the phenomenon of “magical renaissances”, those are repeated powerful bursts of interest in magical practices and attempts to philosophically substantiate them that took place in axial and post-axial age. In the time of such “renaissances”, the magic and magical perception of the World get into the central zone of culture so that they participate, and sometimes even play a leading role in shaping a new picture of the world, in the birth of new cultural meanings and values. The core and main driving force of the "magic renaissance" is philosophical magic, that enables magic to fall at the epicenter of cultural transitions. The obvious connection of “magical renaissances” with transitive processes can be explained by the fact that a “cultural explosion” (Yu.M. Lotman) inevitably leads to a weakening or even destruction of the norms of the dominant culture. This facilitates drift of the cultural periphery to the “center”, the penetration and assimilation of alternate cultural paradigms, including magic. “Magical renaissances” took place mainly in the West — a civilization in which logocentrism occupied a leading position, constituting a powerful counterbalance to the correlative and magical types of thinking in all their manifestations, although it could never overcome this thinking completely. Three “magical renaissances” are identified in the history of Western culture: in the era of late antiquity, in the Renaissance and the modern era, when it assumed a global character and is a manifestation of a more general process, often called the Reenchantment of the Western culture. Moreover, some distinguishing features of the third “renaissance” indicate not the consistency with the previous ones, but rather the break with the previous tradition. A detailed analysis is given of the features of each of the three “magical renaissances” and the role of philosophical magic in them, and in the latter, of natural science concepts.

Keywordsmagic, philosophy, hermeticism, Neoplatonism, late antiquity, the Renaissance, postmodernism
Received29.03.2020
Publication date30.03.2020
Number of characters43279
Cite  
100 rub.
When subscribing to an article or issue, the user can download PDF, evaluate the publication or contact the author. Need to register.

Number of purchasers: 0, views: 810

Readers community rating: votes 0

1. Averintsev S.S. Evolyutsiya filosofskoi mysli // Kul`tura Vizantii. IV – pervaya polovina VII v. [The Evolution of Philosophical Thought // Culture of Byzantium. IV — the first half of VII century]. M.: Nauka Publ., 1984.

2. Gaidenko P.P. KHristianstvo i genezis novoevropeiskogo estestvoznaniya [ Chistianity and the Genesis of Modern Science] // Nauka i religiya. Mezhdistsiplinarnyi i kross-kul`turnyi podkhod. Nauchnye trudy [Science and Religion. An Interdisciplinary and Cross-cultural Approach] / pod red. I.T. Kasavina. M.: Kanon+ Publ., 2006. P. 79–119.

3. Garen E. Magiya i astrologiya v kul`ture Vozrozhdeniya [ Magic and Astrology in the Renaissance Culture] // Germetizm, magiya, naturfilosofiya v evropeiskoi kul`ture XIII-XIX vv. [Hermetism, Magic, Natural Philosophy in the European Culture of XII-XIX centures] / pod red. I.T. Kasavina. M.: Kanon+ Publ., 1999. P. 23–40.

4. Germes Trismegist i germeticheskaya traditsiya Vostoka i Zapada [ Hermes Trismegist and the Hermetical Tradition of the East and West]. K.: Iris; M.: Aleteiya Publ., 2001.

5. Germetizm, magiya, naturfilosofiya v evropeiskoi kul`ture XIII-XIX vv. [Hermetism, Magic, Natural Philosophy in the European Culture of XII-XIX centures] / pod red. I.T. Kasavina. M.: Kanon+ Publ., 1999.

6. Delyumo ZH. Tsivilizatsiya Vozrozhdeniya [The Civilization of the Renaissance]. Ekaterinburg: U-Faktoriya Publ., 2006.

7. Kravtsova M.E. Istoriya kul`tury Kitaya [The History of the Culture of China]. St. Petersburg: Lan` Publ., 1999.

8. Kudryavtsev O.F. Florentiiskaya Platonovskaya akademiya. Ocherk istorii dukhovnoi zhizni renessansnoi Italii [The Florentine Platonic Academy. An Essay on the History of the Spiritual Life of the Renaissance Italy]. M.: Nauka Publ., 2008.

9. Pelipenko A.A. Postizhenie kul`tury: v 2 ch. Ch. 1. Kul`tura i smysl [The Comprehension of Culture: in 2 parts. Part 1. Culture and the Sense]. M.: ROSSPEN Publ., 2012.

10. Pelipenko A.A., KHachaturyan V.M. Kognitivnye istoki «magicheskogo renessansa» The Cognitive Sources of the “Magic Renaissance” // Chelovek. 2009. N 3. P. 35–44.

11. Pelipenko A.A., Yakovenko I.G. Kul`tura kak sistema. [Culture as a system] M.: Yazyki russkoi kul`tury, 1998.

12. Torchinov E.A. Daosizm. Opyt istoriko-religioznogo opisaniya. [Taosism. An Essay in Religious and Historical Desscription] SPb.: Andreev i synov`ya Publ., 1993.

13. Torchinov E.A. Puti filosofii Vostoka i Zapada: poznanie zapredel`nogo [The Ways of the Philosophy of the East and the West: Cognition of the Transcendence]. St. Petersburg: Azbuka-Klassika, Peterburgskoe Vostokovedenie Publ., 2007.

14. Frazer J. Zolotaya vetv`. Issledovanie magii i religii [The Golden Bough. The Study of Magic and Religion]. M.: Politizdat Publ., 1980.

15. Iamblichus. O egipetskikh misteriyakh [On Egyptian Mysteries]. M.: Aleteia Publ., 2004.

16. Berman M. The Reenchantment of the World. N.Y.: Cornell University Press Publ., 1981.

17. Dictionary of Gnosis and Western Esotericism / ed. by W. Hanegraaff, A. Faivre. Leiden, Boston: Brill, 2006.

18. Faivre A. Access to Western Esotericism. Albany, N.Y.: State University of New York Press, 1994.

19. Farmer S., Henderson J., Witzel M. Neurobiology, Layered Texts, and Correlative Systems: A Crosscultural Framework for Premodern Studies // Bulletin of the Museum of Far Eastern Antiquities. 72. 2000 (2002). P. 48–89.

20. Granholm K. Dark Enlightenment: The Historical, Sociological, and Discursive Contexts of Contemporary Esoteric Magic. Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2014.

21. Habermas J. Notes on Post-Secular Society // New Perspectives Quarterly. 2008. № 25.4. P.17–29.

22. Hanegraaff W. Esotericism and the Academy. Rejected Knowledge in Western Culture. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 2012.

23. Hanegraaff W. How Magic Survived the Disenchantment of the World? // Religion. 2003. № 33.4. P. 357–380.

24. Harkness D. John Dee’s Conversations with Angels. Cabala, Alchemy, and the End of Nature. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006.

25. Klaassen F. The Transformations of Magic. Illicit Learned Magic in the Later Middle Ages and Renaissance. Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2013.

26. McGuir J. Force, Active Principles and Newton’s Invisible Realm // Ambix. 1968. № 2. P. 154–208.

27. Partridge C. The Re-Enchantment of the West. 2 vol. Vol. 1. L., N.Y.: Bloomsbury& Clark, 2005.

28. Tambia S. Magic, Science, and Religion, and the Scope of Rationality. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1990.

29. Thorndike L. History of Magic and Experimental Science. N.Y.: Columbia University Press. Vol. 1. 1923.

30. Thorndike L. The Place of Magic in the Intellectual History of Europe. N.Y.: Columbia University Press, 1905.

31. Walker D. Spiritual and Demonic Magic from Ficino to Campanella. Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2000.

32. Wax M., Wax R. Notion of Magic // Current Anthropology. 1963. № 4, 5. P. 495–518.

33. Webster Ch. From Paracelsus to Newton: Magic and Making Modern Science. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982.

34. Yates F. Giordano Bruno and the Hermetic Tradition. Chicago; London: The University of Chicago Press, 1964.

Система Orphus

Loading...
Up