Towards Homo socialis: Information brokerage and social engineering

 
PIIS023620070002341-2-1
DOI10.31857/S023620070002341-2
Publication type Article
Status Published
Authors
Occupation: Associate Professor, Department of Marketing, Faculty of Economics, Moscow State University Mv Lomonosova, member of the Presidium - Executive Director of the Russian Association for the Promotion of Science (PACN), Executive Vice President of the Nanotec
Affiliation: Lomonosov Moscow State University
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Occupation: Member of the expert-analytical group
Affiliation: Russian Association for the promotion of science
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Journal nameChelovek
EditionIssue №6
Pages22-32
Abstract

If one adopts the formation of a Human socialized (Homo socialis) to be one of the human cognitive evolution vectors, then an intermediary, a negotiator, or a broker can be considered as its embodiment in the contemporary society. The role of the mediator in the implementation of social interactions can be clearly described by using network analogies, i.e. the society can be represented as a social network, its nodes are associations of people (groups, cliques or clusters) linked by bridges i.e. stronger or weaker connections. Any person forms connec tions (bridges) with many various groups and this is through these bridges that information and resources are being exchanged. A group taken as a whole has fewer contacts with other groups than the individual, so there are always struc tural holes between groups. These holes become especially apparent when there is a need to establish intergroup communication. Here some particular members of the groups come into play who have connections with members of the target group, however weak those links were and who have won the trust of that target members, i.e. possess the social capital. Moreover, people occupying positions at the intersections of the weak connections of social groups get an opportunity to see, realize and use new good ideas. To achieve it, the negotiator must have high cognitive abilities that allow him/her to see opportunities in the situations where others see only structural holes. However, the structural power of the negotiators does not make them leaders of social groups, because they cannot both influence the agenda and at the same time openly pursue their own goals without compromising their status of impartial intermediaries. The revealed features of negotiators, or social brokers, are of particular interest from the point of view of their participation in social engineering techniques in order to increase the effectiveness of social interaction in economically significant projects.

Keywordscognitive evolution, network analogies, social brokers
Received07.12.2018
Publication date07.12.2018
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