North Africa: Food problem in the light of the UN initiative on the formation of “national food systems”

 
PIIS032150750017390-1-1
DOI10.31857/S032150750017390-1
Publication type Article
Status Published
Authors
Occupation: Head, Center of North Africa and African Horn Studies, Institute for African Studies, RAS
Affiliation: Institute for African Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Occupation: Научный сотрудник, Институт Африки РАН
Affiliation: Институт Африки РАН
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Journal nameAsia and Africa Today
EditionIssue 11
Pages5-12
Abstract

Over the past 3-4 decades, some progress has been made in the countries of North and North-East Africa, and - broader - in the Middle East, in development/transformation of agriculture and its branches related to food production. As a result, the key indicators of food production and consumption per capita have increased significantly. Moreover, the consumption growth performance was higher than the production growth performance, and that was driven by an increase in food imports.

At the same time, the food insecurity remains acute in several ways. This applies to the manifestations of mass hunger in the Sahel as well as to the increased pressure on the budget due to both the significant increase in world food prices and the import volume. These and other specifics of the current state of the food insecurity in the countries of North Africa and other regions of the world, require a new vision of providing the population with food and shaping an integral approach to resolve the problem.

Experts are linking this vision with the promotion of the so-called UN Initiative announced by the Secretary-General A.Guterres in the fall of 2020 and aimed at an integrated approach to resolution of the food insecurity: the development of "national food security and nutrition systems" in the countries of the world, which would include the development of mechanisms and tools necessary for a better and a comprehensive food supply to the world's population, and take into account both local and national conditions, as well as medical nutrition standards.

Keywordsfood problem, globalization, North Africa, agricultural resources, UN Initiative
Received05.08.2021
Publication date24.11.2021
Number of characters23718
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