Theory of Social Formations and the Socialist Revolution Program in Russia

Publication type Article
Status Published
Affiliation: Department of social philosophy and philosophy of history, Faculty of Philosophy, Lomonosov Moscow State University
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Journal nameVoprosy filosofii
EditionIssue 12

Author analyzes theoretical potential of the program of Russian socialist revolution from the perspective of the basic ideas of the theory of socio-economic formations. He underlines the fact, that relevance of the socio-economics formations theory (i.e., the explanation of rise and changes of social forms) is still under discussion for philosophers, historians and sociologists. The author argues that the failure of the socialist revolution project in the USSR that has resulted with the creation of hyper-centralized political system and the hyper-exploitation of producers by the state, is justified by the Marx’s principles of social organization. In this respect, the author pays special attention to the fact that the Soviet society is much closer in its structure to the early civilizations of Mesopotamia, North Africa and Mesoamerica. The author concludes that the Russian socialist revolution project couldn’t ever been realized, while the pseudo-communist phraseology was only aimed to cover this fact and to legitimize the political dominance of the party-state nomenklatura.

KeywordsMarx, economic determinism, theory of socio-economic formations, property, authority, class, socialist revolution, social management
AcknowledgmentThe paper is supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, the project 18-011-01097, “Social theory and power: the modern Russian perspective”.
Publication date20.12.2018
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