Adverbial prepositions as a subclass of adverbs

 
PIIS0373658X0001029-0-1
DOI10.31857/S0373658X0001029-0
Publication type Article
Status Published
Authors
Affiliation:
Vinogradov Russian Language Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian State University for the Humanities
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow, 119019; 125993
Journal nameVoprosy Jazykoznanija
EditionIssue 5
Pages36-55
Abstract

The subject of this paper is the so called adverbial prepositions in Russian, cf. vokrug (kostra) ‘around sth.’, daleko ot (doma) ‘far from sth.’, etc. By definition, an adverbial preposition either coincides with an adverb (cf. vokrug) or contains an adverb and a preposition (cf. daleko ot). I demonstrate that an adverbial preposition and the underlying adverb have the same meaning, the only difference between them being in the mode of expression of the main semantic actant, cf. Gorel koster, vokrug (preposition) kostra stojali liudi ‘A fire was burning, people were standing around it’ vs. Gorel koster, vokrug (adverb) stojali liudi ‘A fire was burning, people were standing around’. From the modern point of view, syntactic distinction is insufficient for interpreting such cases as different words (or different meanings of a word). So, an adverbial preposition and the underlying adverb should be interpreted as the same meaning of a given word. I argue that this word is an adverb. Thus, in Russian, in addition to predicative adverbs, there is another group of adverbs which are able to subordinate a noun group. Specific features of these adverbs are described in the paper.

Keywordsadverb, preposition, semantic actant, subordination, syntactic actant
AcknowledgmentРабота выполнена при финансовой поддержке РНФ (проект № 16-18-02054).
Received16.10.2017
Publication date16.10.2017
Number of characters915
Cite   Download pdf To download PDF you should sign in
1 ….

Price publication: 0

Number of purchasers: 0, views: 1467

Readers community rating: votes 0

1. Avanesov, Sidorov 1945 — Avanesov R. I., Sidorov V. N. Ocherk grammatiki russkogo literaturnogo yazyka. Chast’ І: Fonetika i morfologiya [An outline of the Russian grammar. Part I: Phonetics and morphology]. Moscow: Uchpedgiz, 1945.

2. Apresjan 2010 — Apresjan Ju. D. The instruction on writing lexical entries for the Active dictionary of Russian. Prospekt aktivnogo slovarya russkogo yazyka. Apresjan Ju. D. (ed.). Moscow: Yazyki Slavyanskikh Kul’tur, 2010. Pp. 56—152.

3. Beloshapkova 1967 — Beloshapkova V. A. Sovremennyi russkii yazyk [Modern Russian]. Moscow: Prosveshchenie, 1967.

4. Vinogradov 1972 — Vinogradov V. V. Russkii yazyk (grammaticheskoe uchenie o slove) [The Russian language (A grammatic theory of the word)]. Moscow: Vysshaya Shkola, 1972.

5. Vsevolodova 2007 — Vsevolodova M. V. The category of the Russian preposition. Systemic characteristics. III Mezhdunarodnyi kongress issledovatelei russkogo yazyka. Russkii yazyk: istoricheskie sud’by i sovremennost’. Moscow: MAKS Press, 2007. Pp. 269—270.

6. Vsevolodova 2010 — Vsevolodova M. V. Grammatical properties of the prepositional units in Russian: Typology, structure, syntagmatics and syntactical modifications. Voprosy jazykoznanija. 2010. No. 4. Pp. 3—26.

7. Galaktionova 2007 — Galaktionova I. V. The preposition: Postposition and preposition. III Mezhdunarodnyi kongress issledovatelei russkogo yazyka. Russkii yazyk: istoricheskie sud’by i sovremennost’. Moscow: MAKS Press, 2007. Pp. 272—273.

8. Grammatika 1970 — Grammatika sovremennogo russkogo yazyka [Modern Russian grammar]. Moscow: Nauka, 1970.

9. Es’kova 1996 — Es’kova N. A. Non-derivative and derivative prepositions: Formal aspect. Rusistika. Slavistika. Indoevropeistika. Nikolaeva T. M. (ed.). Moscow: Indrik, 1996. Pp. 458—464.

10. Krylov, Muravenko 2007 — Krylov S. A., Muravenko E. V. Postpositions in Russian. III Mezhdunarodnyi kongress issledovatelei russkogo yazyka. Russkii yazyk: istoricheskie sud’by i sovremennost’. Moscow: MAKS Press, 2007. Pp. 278—279.

11. Kurylowicz 1962 — Kurylowicz E. The basic structures of language: Phrase and sentence. Kurylowicz E. Ocherki po lingvistike. Moscow, 1962.

12. MAS — Slovar’ russkogo yazyka [A dictionary of the Russian language]. Evgen’eva A. P. (ed.). Vol. 1—4. Moscow, 1981—1984.

13. NKRYa — Natsional’nyi korpus russkogo yazyka [Russian National Corpus]. Available at: http://www.ruscorpora.ru.

14. NOSS — Novyi ob’yasnitel’nyi slovar’ sinonimov russkogo yazyka [A new explanatory dictionary of Russian synonyms]. Under general supervision of acad. Apresjan Yu. D. 2nd ed. Moscow: Yazyki Slavyanskoi Kul’tury, 2003.

15. Ovsyaniko-Kulikovskii 1902 — Ovsyaniko-Kulikovskii D. N. Sintaksis russkogo yazyka [Syntax of the Russian language]. St. Petersburg: Publication by D. E. Zhukovskii, 1902.

16. RG 1980 — Russkaya grammatika [Russian grammar]: In 2 vol. Vol. I. Shvedova N. Yu. (ed.). Moscow: Nauka, 1980.

17. Uryson 2011 — Uryson E. V. Opyt opisaniya semantiki soyuzov [An attempt of description of conjunction semantics]. Moscow: Yazyki Slavyanskikh Kul’tur, 2011.

18. Uryson 2013 — Uryson E. V. Syntax of conjunctions and connectors and valency theory. Voprosy jazykoznanija. 2013. No. 3. Pp. 3—24.

19. Uryson 2014 — Uryson E. V. On derivative prepositions: Adverbial prepositions. Komp’yuternaya lingvistika i intellektual’nye tekhnologii: Po materialam ezhegodnoi Mezhdunarodnoi konferentsii «Dialog 2014» (Bekasovo, 2013 g.). No. 13 (20): In 2 vols. Moscow: Russian State Univ. for the Humanities Publ., 2014. Vol. 1. Pp. 695—706.

20. Kholodovich 1979 — Kholodovich A. A. Towards the problem of the sentence dominant. Kholodovich A. A. Problemy grammaticheskoi teorii. Leningrad: Nauka, 1979. Pp. 293—298.

21. Cherkasova 1967 — Cherkasova E. T. Perekhod polnoznachnykh slov v predlogi [The transformation of autonomous words to prepositions]. Moscow: Nauka, 1967.

22. Sheremet’eva 2008 — Sheremet’eva E. S. Otymennye relyativy sovremennogo russkogo yazyka. Semantiko-sintaksicheskie etyudy [Denominative relatives in Modern Russian. Semantic-syntactic essays]. Vladivostok: Far Eastern Univ. Publ., 2008.

23. Shcherba 1974 — Shcherba L. V. On parts of speech in Russian. Yazykovaya sistema i rechevaya deyatel’nost’. Leningrad: Nauka, 1974. Pp. 77—100.

24. Isačenko 1962 — Isačenko A. V. Die Russische Sprache den Gegenwart. T. 1: Formenlehre. Halle: Niemeyer, 1962.

Система Orphus

Loading...
Up