Language vs. dialect: A lexicostatistic approach

 
PIIS0373658X0003839-1-1
DOI10.31857/S0373658X0003839-1
Publication type Article
Status Published
Authors
Affiliation: Institute of Linguistics, Russian Academy of Sciences
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow, 125009
Journal nameVoprosy Jazykoznanija
EditionIssue 6
Pages79-101
Abstract

Linguists have always seen the notion of “language” as inherently problematic, and the question of whether a particular form of speech should be classified as a separate language or a dialect of a language cannot be answered easily indeed. In this paper, criteria such as shared standard norm, common ethnic identity, and mutual intelligibility are shortly reviewed. Then another method of disentangling languages and dialects based on the number of shared cognates in the 100-word Swadesh list is proposed. The method is tested on various examples.

Keywordsclassification, languages of the world, lexicostatistics, sociolinguistics, taxonomy
Received18.12.2017
Publication date18.12.2017
Number of characters406
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Система Orphus

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