Disclosing the scientific heritage of a “closed” Academician: S. A. Vekshinskii and his participation in the Soviet atomic project

 
Title (other)
PIIS020596060004934-9-1
DOI10.31857/S020596060004934-9
Publication type Article
Status Published
Authors
Occupation: 
Affiliation: S.I.Vavilov Institute for the History of Science and Technology, Russian Academy of Sciences
Address: Ul. Baltiyskaya, 14, Moscow, 125315, Russia
Journal nameVoprosy istorii estestvoznaniia i tekhniki
EditionVolume 40 2
Pages322-345
Abstract

This paper is devoted to the scientific activities of S. A. Vekshiskii, a prominent Soviet scientist in the field of cathode electronics and vacuum engineering and one of the founders of Russian electronic industry. Vekshiskii, who became fascinated with electrical engineering as a child, after his graduation from the gymnasium enrolled in the St. Petersburg Polytechnic Institute where attracted attention of A. I. Ioffe. Later on he worked at the Svetlana Plant and the creation of practically all types of the Soviet electronic devices during the pre-War period is associated with Vekshinskii’s name (receiving and amplifying tubes, generating tubes, cathode-ray and gasdischarge devices). Beginning with 1945, the Central Vacuum Laboratory and, later on, the Research Institute of Vacuum Technology, headed by Vekshinskii, participated in the Atomic Project and contributed to the creation of new instruments and devices necessary for the Soviet nuclear-missile shield. His work on the “closed” (classified) topics became the reason for the fact that the subsequent coverage of his scientific heritage in the literature was fragmentary and only nowadays Vekshiskii’s contribution to the development of science and technology in our country may be described comprehensively enough.

Abstract (other)

  

KeywordsS. A. Vekshinskii, Svetlana Plant, vacuum electronic devices, vacuum technology, Research Institute of Vacuum Technology, Atomic Project, L. A. Artsimovich, G. A. Shengeli, A. A. Brish
Keywords list (other)
Acknowledgment
Received20.06.2019
Publication date20.06.2019
Number of characters51241
Cite  
100 rub.
When subscribing to an article or issue, the user can download PDF, evaluate the publication or contact the author. Need to register.

Number of purchasers: 5, views: 1387

Readers community rating: votes 0

1. Barmakov, Iu. N., and Smirnov, G. A. (eds.) (2007) Arkadii Adamovich Brish [Arkadii Adamovich Brish]. Moskva: IzdAT.

2. Borisov, V. P. (1988) Sergei Arkad’evich Vekshinskii [Sergey Arkadievich Vekshinsky]. Moskva: Nauka.

3. Borisov, V. P. (1992) Poet i uchenyi [Poet and Scientist], Voprosy istorii estestvoznaniia i tekhniki, no. 2, pp. 99–100.

4. Borisov, V. P. (2002) Sergei Arkad’evich Vekshinskii. 2-e izd. [Sergey Arkadievich Vekshinsky. 2nd ed.]. Moskva: NPK “Intelvak”.

5. Borisov, V. P. (2004) Vladimir Koz’mich Zvorykin [Vladimir Kosmich Zworykin]. Moskva: Nauka.

6. Borisov, V. P. (2007) S. A. Vekshinskii i reka vremeni [S. A. Vekshinsky and the River of Time], in: Nesterov, S. B., Petrov, Iu. P. (eds.) Nauchno-issledovatel’skii institut vakuumnoi tekhniki im. S. A. Vekshinskogo. 1947–2007. Istoriia instituta v vospominaniiakh sotrudnikov [S. A. Vekshinsky State Research Institute of Vacuum Technology. 1947–2007. The History of the Institute in Employees’ Recollections]. Moskva: Ianus-K, pp. 37–58.

7. Borisov, V. P. (2009) Akademik S. A. Vekshinskii v elektronike i ne tol’ko [Academician S. A. Vekshinsky in Electronics and Beyond], in: Proleiko, V. M. (ed.) Ocherki istorii rossiiskoi elektroniki [Essays on the History of Russian Electronics]. Moskva: Tekhnosfera, no. 2.

8. Borisov, V. P. (2009) S. A. Vekshinskii i “Svetlana” [S. A. Vekshinsky and the Svetlana Plant], in: Proleiko, V. M. (ed.) Ocherki istorii rossiiskoi elektroniki [Essays on the History of Russian Electronics]. Moskva: Tekhnosfera, no. 3, pp. 138–156.

9. Borisov, V. P. (2010) Iz istorii otechestvennoi elektroniki [From the History of National Electronics]. Moskva: Infokor.

10. Borisov, V. P. (2018) Druzhba, proverennaia vremenem. Perepiska P. L. Kapitsy i S. A. Vekshinskogo v 1940–1950?kh godakh [A Time-Tested Friendship. Correspondence between P. L. Kapitsa and S. A. Vekshinsky in the 1940s and 1950s], Vestnik Rossiiskoi akademii nauk, vol. 88, no. 12, pp. 1147–1152.

11. Mikhailov, V. N. (ed.) (1995) Sozdanie pervoi sovetskoi iadernoi bomby [Creation of the First Soviet Atomic Bomb]. Moskva: Energoatomizdat.

12. Vekshinskii, S. A. (1912) Elektroliticheskii preryvatel’ dlia katushki Rumkorfa [The Electrolytic Interrupter for the Ruhmkorff Ñoil], Fizik-liubitel’, no. 138, p. 524.

13. Vekshinskii, S. A. (1912) Samodel’naia geislerova trubka [A Homemade Geissler Tube], Fizik-liubitel’, no. 150, pp. 293–295.

14. Vekshinskii, S. A. (1931) Barievye radiolampy [Barium Tubes], Radiofront, no. 17, pp. 1024–1026.

15. Vekshinskii, S. A. (1944) Novyi metod metallograficheskogo issledovaniia splavov [A New Method for Metallography of Alloys]. Moskva: OGIZ.

Система Orphus

Loading...
Up