Phryne Made Naked by Hyperides, or Rhetoric of Gesture in Ancient Athens (Towards the problem of nonverbal elements in the discourse)

 
PIIS032103910001670-0-1
DOI10.31857/S032103910001670-0
Publication type Article
Status Published
Authors
Occupation: Senior Research Fellow; Professor
Affiliation:
Institute of World history, Russian academy of sciences
Russian State University for the Humanities
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Journal nameVestnik drevnei istorii
EditionVolume 78 Issue 3
Pages519-544
Abstract

In Ancient Greece, the following types of gestures were in use (simplifying an unjustly complicated fivefold classification proposed by D. Lateiner and reducing it into three points): 1) conscious and ritualized gestures; 2) conscious but not ritualized gestures, of individual character; 3) unconscious gestures. In connection with the “rhetoric of gesture”, this article deals mainly with gestures of the second category. After citing various examples from political and legal history of Archaic and Classical Athens, the author aims to demonstrate that in the framework of culture of conscious non-ritualized gestures, more restrained gestures were correlated (at least in the sources’ perception) with a political position, which was also considered more moderate, and non-restrained gestures — with a radical position.

KeywordsAthens, Archaic and Classical periods, gestures, rhetoric, actio, politicians, orators, Hypereides, Demosthenes, Kleon, Solon, Peisistratos
Received03.12.2018
Publication date03.12.2018
Number of characters799
Cite  
100 rub.
When subscribing to an article or issue, the user can download PDF, evaluate the publication or contact the author. Need to register.
Размещенный ниже текст является ознакомительной версией и может не соответствовать печатной
1 \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\

Number of purchasers: 1, views: 994

Readers community rating: votes 0

1. Andreev, Yu.V. 1999: [Tyrants and heroes: historical stylization in political practice of the UOld TyrannyF]. Vestnik drevney istorii [Journal of Ancient History] 1, 3—7. Andreev, Yu.V. Tirany i geroi. Istoricheskaya stilizatsiya v politicheskoj praktike starshej tiranii. VDI 1, 3–7.

2. Balot, R.K., Atkinson, L.M. 2015: Women and slaves in Greek democracy. In: D. Hammer (ed.), A Companion to Greek Democracy and the Roman Republic. Oxford, 389—404.

3. Biles, Z.P. 2016: ThucydidesT Cleon and the poetics of politics in Aristophanes Wasps. Classical Philology 111, 117—138.

4. Blok, J.H. 2006: SolonTs funerary laws: questions of authenticity and function. In: J.H. Blok, A.P.M.H. Lardinois (eds.), Solon of Athens: New Historical and Philological Approaches. LeidenTsBoston, 197—247.

5. Blok, J.H. 2009: PeriklesT citizenship law: a new perspective. Historia 58. 2, 141—170.

6. Boardman, J. 1989: Herakles, Peisistratos, and the unconvinced. Journal of Hellenic Studies 109, 158—159.

7. Bultrighini, U. 2011: Dal Menone alla Contro Timarco: strategie del conformismo. In: R. Scuderi, C. Zizza (eds.), In ricordo di Dino Ambaglio: Atti del convegno. Universita di Pavia, 9—10 dicembre 2009. Pavia, 57—77.

8. Burgoon, J.K., Humpherys, S., Moffitt, K. 2008: Nonverbal communication: research areas and approaches. In: U. Fix, A. Gardt, J. Knape (eds.), Rhetorik und Stilistik: Ein internationales Handbuch historischer und systematischer Forschung. Bd 1. BerlinTsNew York, 787—812.

9. Cairns, D. 2005: Bullish looks and sidelong glances: social interaction and the eyes in ancient Greek culture. In: D. Cairns (ed.), Body Language in the Greek and Roman Worlds. Swansea, 123—156.

10. Carey, C. 2015: Solon in the orators. In: G. Nagy, M. Noussia-Fantuzzi (eds.), Solon in the Making: The Early Reception in the Fifth and Fourth Centuries. BerlinTsBoston, 110—128.

11. Cascardi, A.J. 2004: Arts of persuasion and judgment: rhetoric and aesthetics. In: W. Jost, W. Olmsted (eds.), A Companion to Rhetoric and Rhetorical Criticism. Oxford, 294—308.

12. Castriota, D. 2005: Feminizing the barbarian and barbarizing the feminine: Amazons, Trojans, and Persians in the Stoa Poikile. In: J.M. Barringer, J.M. Hurwit (eds.), Periklean Athens and its Legacy: Problems and Perspectives. Austin, 89—102.

13. Chaniotis, A. 2005: [Theatricality beyond the theater. Staging public life in the Hellenistic world]. Antiquitas aeterna 1, 155—190. Khaniotis, A. Teatral'nost' vne teatra. «Postanovka» obschestvennoj zhizni v ehllinisticheskom mire. Antiquitas aeterna 1, 155–190.

14. Christodoulou, P. 2009: Nicocreon, le dernier roi de Salamine de Chypre: Discours ideologique et pouvoir politique. Cahiers du Centre dTEtudes Chypriotes 39, 235—238.

15. Clarke, M. 2005: On the semantics of ancient Greek smiles. In: D. Cairns (ed.), Body Language in the Greek and Roman Worlds. Swansea, 37—54.

16. Connor, W.R. 1987: Tribes, festivals and processions: civic ceremonial and political manipulation in archaic Greece. Journal of Hellenic Studies 107, 40—50.

17. Cooper, C. 2008: Hypereides, Aristophon, and the settlement of Keos. In: C. Cooper (ed.), Epigraphy and the Greek Historian. Toronto, 31—56.

18. Coskun, A. 2013: Weitere Uberlegungen zu den Voraussetzungen und Folgen des Perikleischen Burgerrechtsgesetzes: Nataralisierung und Epigamie im Klassischen Athen. Klio 95, 2, 391—404.

19. Crowley, S. 2002: Body studies in rhetoric and composition. In: G.A. Olson (ed.), Rhetoric and Composition as Intellectual Work. Carbondale—Edwardsville, 177—187.

20. De Filippi, M. 2009: Dignitas tra repubblica e principato. Bari.

21. Dutsch, D. 2013: Towards a Roman theory of theatrical gesture? In: G.W.M. Harrison, V. Liapis (eds.), Performance in Greek and Roman Theatre. Leiden—Boston, 409—431.

22. Florence, M. 2014: The body politic: sexuality in Greek and Roman comedy and mime. In: T.K. Hubbard (ed.), A Companion to Greek and Roman Sexualities. Oxford, 366—380.

23. Frost, F.J. 1999: Solon and Salamis, Peisistratos and Nisaia. Ancient World 30, 1, 133—139.

24. Gagarin, M. 1994: Probability and persuasion: Plato and early Greek rhetoric. In: I. Worthington (ed.), Persuasion: Greek Rhetoric in Action. London—New York, 46—68.

25. Gottesman, A. 1998: SolonTs fox: poetry and revolution in archaic Athens. Pomoerium 3, 19—25.

26. Hansen, M.H. 1989a: The Athenian Ecclesia II: A Collection of Articles 1983Ts1989. Copenhagen.

27. Hansen, M.H. 1989b: Solonian democracy in fourth-century Athens. Classica et mediaevalia 40, 71—99.

28. Hansen, M.H. 2010: The concepts of Demos, Ekklesia, and Dikasterion in classical Athens. Greek, Roman and Byzantine Studies 50, 499—536.

29. Heidbuchel, F. 1957: Die Chronologie der Peisistratiden in der Atthis. Philologus 101, 1/2, 70—89.

30. Irwin, E. 2005: Solon and Early Greek Poetry: The Politics of Exhortation. Cambridge.

31. Irwin, E. 2006: The transgressive elegy of Solon? In: J.H. Blok, A.P.M.H. Lardinois (eds.), Solon of Athens: New Historical and Philological Approaches. LeidenTsBoston, 36—78.

32. Lape, S. 2002/2003: Solon and the institution of the UdemocraticF family form. Classical Journal 98, 2, 117—139.

33. Lateiner, D. 1987: Nonverbal communication in the Histories of Herodotus. Arethusa 20, 1/2, 83—119.

34. Lavelle, B.M. 1989: Koisyra and Megakles, the son of Hippokrates. Greek, Roman and Byzantine Studies 30, 4, 503—513.

35. Lavelle, B.M. 1993: The Sorrow and the Pity. A Prolegomenon to a History of Athens under the Peisistratids, c. 560—510 B.C. Stuttgart.

36. Lavelle, B.M. 2005: Fame, Money, and Power: The Rise of Peisistratos and “Democratic” Tyranny at Athens. Ann Arbor.

37. Latyshev, V.V. 1997: Ocherk grecheskikh drevnostey: bogosluzhebnye i stsenicheskie drevnosti [A Study in Greek Antiquities: Sacral and Scenic Antiquities]. Saint Petersburg. Latyshev, V.V. Ocherk grecheskikh drevnostej: bogosluzhebnye i stsenicheskie drevnosti. SPb.

38. Leduc, C. 1998: La representation Ђ aristotelicienne ї de la politeia de Solon: la politique «dans» le domestique. Ktema 23, 415–422.

39. Lewis, J.D. 2008: Solon the Thinker: Political Thought in Archaic Athens. London.

40. Llewellyn-Jones, L. 2005: Body language and the female role player in Greek tragedy and Japanese Kabuki theatre. In: D. Cairns (ed.), Body Language in the Greek and Roman Worlds. Swansea, 73—106.

41. McCart, G. 2007: Masks in Greek and Roman theatre. In: M. McDonald, J.M. Walton (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Greek and Roman Theatre. Cambridge, 247—267.

42. McDonald, M. 2007: Rhetoric and tragedy: weapons of mass persuasion. In: I. Worthington (ed.), A Companion to Greek Rhetoric. Oxford, 473—489.

43. Meyer-Kalkus, R. 2008: Rhetorik der Stimme (actio II: pronuntiatio). In: In: U. Fix, A. Gardt, J. Knape (eds.), Rhetorik und Stilistik: Ein internationales Handbuch historischer und systematischer Forschung. Bd 1. BerlinTsNew York, 679—688.

44. Mosse, C. 1979: Comment s'elabore un mythe politique: Solon, «pere fondateur» de la democratie athenienne. Annales: economies, societes, civilisations 34. 3, 425—437.

45. Noussia, M. 2006: Strategies of persuasion in SolonTs elegies. In: J.H. Blok, A.P.M.H. Lardinois (eds.), Solon of Athens: New Historical and Philological Approaches. LeidenTsBoston, 134—155.

46. O'Connell, P. 2013: Hyperides and Epopteia: a new fragment of the Defense of Phryne. Greek, Roman and Byzantine Studies 53, 90—116.

47. Olding, G. 2007: Myth and writing in AeschinesT Against Timarchus. In: C. Cooper (ed.), Politics of Orality. LeidenTsBoston, 155—170.

48. Osborne, R. 1997: Law, the democratic citizen and the representation of women in classical Athens. Past & Present 155, 3—33.

49. OTSullivan, N. 1997: Caecilius, the UCanonsF of writers, and the origins of atticism. In: W.J. Dominik (ed.), Roman Eloquence: Rhetoric in Society and Literature. LondonTsNew York, 27—41.

50. Patterson, C. 2007: Other sorts: slaves, foreigners, and women in Periclean Athens. In: L.J. Samons (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to the Age of Pericles. Cambridge, 153—178.

51. Peshkov, I.V. 1998: Vvedenie v ritoriku postupka [An Introduction to the Rhetoric of Action]. Moscow. Peshkov, I.V. Vvedenie v ritoriku postupka. M.

52. Pomeroy, S.B. 2006: Women and ethnicity in classical Greece: changing the paradigms. In: K.H. Kinzl (ed.), A Companion to the Classical Greek World. Oxford, 350—366.

53. Pritchett, W.K. 1973: The Woodheadean interpretation of KleonTs Amphipolitan campaign. Mnemosyne 26, 376—386.

54. Raaflaub, K.A., Ober, J., Wallace, R.W. 2007: Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece. Berkeley.

55. Robert, F. 2009: (Luc., Salt. 63): rhetorique et pantomime a lTepoque imperiale. In: G. Abbamonte, L. Miletti, L. Spina (eds.), Discorsi alla prova: Atti del Quinto Colloquio italo-francese Discorsi pronunciati, discorsi ascoltati: contesti di eloquenza tra Grecia, Roma ed Europa. Napoli, 225—257.

56. Romilly, J. de 1975: Magic and Rhetoric in Ancient Greece. Cambridge (MA).

57. Ruschenbusch, E. 1963: Die Zwolftafeln und die romische Gesandtschaft nach Athen. Historia 12. 3, 250—253.

58. Sagstetter, K.S. 2013: Solon of Athens: The Man, the Myth, the Tyrant? Diss., University of Pennsylvania.

59. Ste. Croix, G.E.M. de 2005: Athenian Democratic Origins and Other Essays. Oxford.

60. Schirren, T. 2008: Rhetorik des Korpers (actio I). In: U. Fix, A. Gardt, J. Knape (eds.), Rhetorik und Stilistik: Ein internationales Handbuch historischer und systematischer Forschung. Bd 1. BerlinTsNew York, 669—679.

61. Schmitt-Pantel, P. 1991: Collective activities and the political in the Greek city. In: O. Murray, S. Price (eds.), The Greek City: From Homer to Alexander. Oxford, 199—213.

62. Semenov, A.F., 1908: [Solon in the panoply]. Germes [Hermes] 2, 1, 23Ts—25. Semenov, A.F. Solon vo vseoruzhii. Germes 2, 1, 23–25.

63. Shear, T.L. 1963: Koisyra: three women of Athens. Phoenix 17, 2, 99—112.

64. Spatharas, D. 2017: Sex, politics, and disgust in AeschinesT Against Timarchus. In: D. Lateiner, D. Spatharas (eds.), The Ancient Emotion of Disgust. Oxford, 125—139.

65. Spence, I.G. 1995: Thucydides, Woodhead, and Kleon. Mnemosyne 48, 4, 411—437.

66. Stewart, E. 2017: Greek Tragedy on the Move: The Birth of a Panhellenic Art Form c. 500—300 BC. Oxford.

67. Surikov, I.E. 2005: Antichnaya Gretsiya: politiki v kontekste epokhi. Arkhaika i rannyaya klassika [Ancient Greece: Politicians in the Context of the Epoch. Archaic and Early Classical Periods]. Moscow. Surikov, I.E. Antichnaya Gretsiya: politiki v kontekste ehpokhi. Arkhaika i rannyaya klassika. M.

68. Surikov, I.E. 2007: [The dynamics of the gender situation in aristocratic and democratic Athens]. Adam i Eva [Adam and Eve] 14, 87—112. Surikov, I.E. Dinamika gendernoj situatsii v aristokraticheskikh i demokraticheskikh Afinakh. Adam i Eva 14, 87–112.

69. Surikov, I.E. 2009: [The most enigmatic law of Solon: problems of its authenticity and historical context]. Vestnik istorii, literatury, iskusstva [Journal of History, Literature, and Arts] 6, 239—252. Surikov, I.E. Samyj zagadochnyj zakon Solona: voprosy autentichnosti i isto-richeskij kontekst. Vestnik istorii, literatury, iskusstva 6, 239–252.

70. Surikov, I.E. 2010: [Athena the Warrior: Solon, Pisistratus, and Athenian civic army in the 6th century B.C.]. Mnemon 9, 27—54. Surikov, I.E. Voitel'nitsa Afina: Solon, Pisistrat i afinskoe polisnoe opolchenie v VI v. do n. eh. Mnemon 9, 27–54.

71. Surikov, I.E. 2015: Antichnaya Gretsiya: Mental'nost', religiya, kultura [Ancient Greece: Mentality, Religion, Culture]. Moscow. Surikov, I.E. Antichnaya Gretsiya: Mental'nost', religiya, kul'tura. M.

72. Surikov, I.E. 2016: [The gender aspect of SolonTs poetry and law-making]. Scripta antiqua 5, 233—266. Surikov, I.E. Gendernyj aspekt poehzii i zakonodatel'stva Solona. Scripta antiqua 5, 233–266.

73. Tsigarida, I. 2006: Solon – Begrunder der Demokratie? Bern.

74. Varakis, A. 2010: Body and Mask in Aristophanic PerformanceBulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies of the University of London 53, 1, 17—38.

75. Vernant, J.-P. 1988: Proiskhozhdenie drevnegrecheskoy mysli [Les origines de la pensee grecque] (Russian transl.). Moscow. Vernan, Zh.-P. Proiskhozhdenie drevnegrecheskoj mysli. M.

76. Vinogradov, J.G. 1997: Pontische Studien. Mainz.

77. Wardy, R. 2000: Rhetoric. In: G.E.R. Lloyd (ed.), Greek Thought: A Guide to Classical Knowledge. London, 465—485.

78. Wiles, D. 2008: The poetics of the mask in old comedy. In: M. Revermann, P. Wilson (eds.), Performance, Iconography, Reception: Studies in Honour of Oliver Taplin. Oxford, 374—392.

79. Will, W. 1995: Perikles. Reinbek.

80. Woodhead, A.G. 1960: ThucydidesT Portrait of Cleon. Mnemosyne 13, 4, 289—317.

81. Worthington, I. 1994: The canon of the ten Attic orators. In: I. Worthington (ed.), Persuasion: Greek Rhetoric in Action. LondonTsNew York, 244—263.

82. Worthington, I. 2013: Demosthenes of Athens and the Fall of Classical Greece. Oxford.

83. Yarkho, V.N. 1990: [Teiresias]. In: E.M. Meletinskiy (ed), Mifologicheskiy slovar' [A Mythological Lexicon]. Moscow, 528. Yarkho, V.N. 1990: Tiresij. V kn.: E.M. Meletinskij (red.), Mifologicheskij slovar'. M., 528.

84. Zberovskiy, A.V. 2014: Demokraticheskie traditsii politicheskoy kulTtury Drevney Gretsii VIIITsV vekov do n. e.: issledovanie filosofii kulTtury i politiki antichnykh demokratiy [Democratic Traditions of Political Culture in Ancient Greece, 8th?5th Centuries B.C.: A Study in the Philosophy of Culture and Politics in Ancient Democracies]. Krasnoyarsk. Zberovskij, A.V. Demokraticheskie traditsii politicheskoj kul'tury Drevnej Gretsii VIII–V vekov do n. eh.: issledovanie filosofii kul'tury i politiki antichnykh demokratij. Krasnoyarsk.

Система Orphus

Loading...
Up