The reproduction of social structure of the russian forces in military professional education

 
PIIS013216250014043-0-1
DOI10.31857/S013216250011053-1
Publication type Article
Status Published
Authors
Affiliation: Military Educational and Scientific Centre of the Air Force N.E. Zhukovsky and Y.A. Gagarin Air Force Academy
Address: Russian Federation, Voronezh
Journal nameSotsiologicheskie issledovaniya
EditionIssue 2
Pages81-91
Abstract

The social structure of the armed forces is being transformed in the direction of deepening the division of military labor, civil-military convergence, gender integration and professionalization of non-commissioned officers. These changes are reflected in the military professional education system as a social institution for the reproduction of the Army’s social structure. The article attempts to highlight the display of new trends of the transformation of the social structure of the armed forces by the military establishment. There are presented the results of content analysis of interviews with officials of the Ministry of defense of the Russian Federation on the problems of military professional education in Russia from 2009 to 2020. The authors reveal the intraprofessional differentiation of military professionals in terms of the labor content into unique military commanders and those who have a great similarity with civil engineers and other professionals. In the view of the military establishment, military education is still intended to reproduce the traditional social structure of the armed forces, developing in cadets commanding, moral and psychological qualities that are not available to civilian specialists. Civil universities are perceived by experts as a reserve source of training military personnel in times of crisis. The social request to integrate women into the military profession does not find a response in the military department, experts often support gender segregation in the army. Attempts to strengthen the professional status of sergeants, warrant officers and midshipmen by providing them with secondary vocational education rather contribute to the marginalization of this category of military personnel.

Keywordssocial structure of the Armed Forces, military professional education, military profession, civil-military relations, content analysis
Received26.02.2021
Publication date25.03.2021
Number of characters26023
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