Employment Precarization: Discussion on the Essence and Ways of Measuring

Publication type Article
Status Published
Occupation: Senior Researcher
Affiliation: Vologda Research Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Address: Russian Federation, Vologda
Occupation: Researcher
Affiliation: Vologda Research Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Address: Russian Federation, Vologda
Journal nameSotsiologicheskie issledovaniya
EditionIssue 9

The article focuses on the theoretical and methodical understanding of employment precarization as one of the consequences of the transformation of social and labor relations. In the study, we suggest considering this phenomenon in a conceptual relationship with the category of “precarious employment” for their logical interaction (process-result). The analysis of the current state of research shows the presence of theoretical and methodical pluralism concerning the interpretation of employment precarization. Our study consider it to be a negative process of transformation of labor relations, that consists of reducing the stability of workers due to the assumption of the risks associated with the organization of labor activity, resulting in adverse consequences at the individual, organizational and public levels. It is shown that owing to the vagueness of the conceptual framework and limited information base, every study solves these problems in its own way. However, it seems possible to focus less on the differences in methodological tools and more on the significance of theoretical understanding the phenomenon employment precarization, which will allow to switch to a higher level of generalization and scientific conclusions. The discussion outlines the provisions proposed to be taken into account while studying precarization, and, in particular, precarious employment as a result of this process.

Keywordsemployment precarization, employment transformation, precariat, precarious employment, labor market, non-standard employment
AcknowledgmentThe study was supported by RF President’s Grant № MK-3571.2019.6 for providing state support to young Russian scientists – candidates of sciences.
Publication date21.09.2020
Number of characters28022
100 rub.
When subscribing to an article or issue, the user can download PDF, evaluate the publication or contact the author. Need to register.

Number of purchasers: 0, views: 1122

Readers community rating: votes 0

1. Appay B. (2010) «Precarization» and flexibility in the labour process: a question of legitimacy and a major challenge for democracy. In: Thornley C., Jefferys S., Appay B. (eds) Globalization and precarious forms of production and employment. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar: 23–39.

2. Ballafkih H., Zinsmeister J., Meerman M. (2017) A Job and a Sufficient Income Is Not Enough: The Needs of the Dutch Precaria. Journal of Workplace Right. October-December: 1–12. DOI: 10.1177/2158244017749069.

3. Barbier J.-C. (2005) A Comparative Analysis of «Employment Precariousness» in Europe. In: Hantrais L., McGregor S., Mangen S. (eds) European Cross-National Research and Policy. Cross-National Research Papers, Seventh Series: Special Issue: 47–55.

4. Bobek A., Pembroke S., Wickham J. (2018) Living with Uncertainty: The Social Implications of Precarious Work. Dublin: FEPS-TASC.

5. Bobkov V.N., ed. (2018) Precarious employment in Russian Federation: theory and methodology of identification, evaluation and reduction. Мoscow: KNORUS. (In Russ.)

6. Cassells R., Duncan A., Mavisakalyan A.et al. (2018) Future of Work in Australia. Preparing for tomorrow’s world. Perth: Bankwest Curtin Economics Centre.

7. Ferreira M. (2016) Informal versus precarious work in Colombia: Concept and operationalization. Progress in Development Studies. Vol. 16 (2): 140–158. DOI: 10.1177/1464993415623128.

8. ILO (2016) Non-standard employment around the world: Understanding challenges, shaping prospects. International Labour Organization; International Labour Office. Geneva.

9. Kalleberg A.L., Hewison K. (2013). Precarious Work and the Challenge for Asia. American Behavioral Scientist. Vol. 57(3): 271–288. https://doi.org/10.1177/0002764212466238.

10. Kapeliushnikov R. (2017) Is technological change a devourer of jobs? Voprosy Ekonomiki [Questions of Economy]. Vol. (11): 111–140. DOI: 10.32609/0042-8736-2017-11-111-140. (In Russ.)

11. Khusainov B., Alzhanova F. (2017) Employment precarization as a global challenge: measuring and assessing the impact on the development of Kazakhstan. Kazakhskii ekonomicheskii vestnik [Kazakh economic review]. Vol. 2: 2–13. (In Russ.)

12. Kolot А.М. (2013) Transformation of the employment institution as a component of global changes in the social and labor sphere: the phenomenon of precarization. Uroven’ zhizni naseleniya regionov Rossii [Living Standards and Quality of Life]. Vol. 11: 93–101. (In Russ.)

13. Kuchenkova A.V., Kolosova E.A. (2018) Differentiation of workers by features of precarious employment. Monitoring Obshchestvennogo Mneniya: Ekonomichekie i Sotsial'nye Peremeny [Monitoring of Public Opinion: Economic and Social Changes]. Vol. 3: 288–305. DOI: 10.14515/monitoring.2018.3.15. (In Russ.)

14. Marx K., Engels F. (1955) Essays. Vol. 2. Moscow: Politizdat. (In Russ.)

15. Popov A.V., Solov’eva T.S. (2019а) Analyzing and classifying the implications of employment precarization: individual, organizational and social levels. Ekonomicheskie i sotsial'nye peremeny: fakty, tendentsii, prognoz [Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Trends, Forecast]. Vol. 12. No. 6: 182-196. DOI: 10.15838/esc.2019.6.66.10. (In Russ.)

16. Popov A.V., Soloveva T.S. (2019b) From precariatization to precarious work: theoretical understanding of paradigmatic concepts. Nauchno-tekhnicheskie vedomosti SPbPU. Ekonomicheskie nauki [St. Petersburg State Polytechnical University Journal. Economics]. Vol. 12. No. 5: 90–101. DOI: 10.18721/JE.12507. (In Russ.)

17. Quinlan M., Mayhew C., Bohle P. (2001) The global expansion of precarious employment, work disorganisation and occupational health: A review of recent research. International Journal of Health Services. Vol. 31(2): 335-414. DOI: 10.2190/607H-TTV0-QCN6-YLT.

18. Sankova L.V. (2014) Precarious Employment in the Modern Economy:Systemic Risk or "Special" Form of Flexibilisation. Uroven’ zhizni naseleniya regionov Rossii [Living Standards and Quality of Life]. Vol. 4: 44–53. DOI: 10.12737/7400. (In Russ.)

19. Shipilov A.V. (2019) Life without Labor? It’s Natural. Sotsiologicheskij zhurnal [Sociological Journal]. Vol. 25. No. 2: 153–170. DOI: 10.19181/socjour.2019.25.2.6391. (In Russ.)

20. Shkaratan O.I., Кaracharovskiy V.V., Gasiukova E.N. (2015) Precariat: theory and empirical analysis (polls in Russia, 1994–2013 data). Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. Vol. 12: 99–110. (In Russ.)

21. Siegmann K.A., Schiphorst F. (2016) Understanding the globalizing precariat: From informal sector to precarious work. Progress in Development Studies. Vol. 16(2): 111–123. DOI: 10.1177/1464993415623118.

22. Standing G. (2011) The Precariat. The New Dangerous Class. London: Bloomsbury Academic.

23. Toshchenko Zh.T. (2018) Precariat: from protoclass to new class. Мoscow: Nauka. (In Russ.)

24. Toshchenko Zh.T. (2019а) From Phenomenon to Noumenon: а Methodological and Methodic Search. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. Vol. 4: 3–14. DOI: 10.31857/S013216250004582-3. (In Russ.)

25. Toshchenko Zh.T. (2019b) The Precariat Phenomenon: Theoretical and Methodological Premises of its Study. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. Vol. 9: 51–63. DOI: 10.31857/S013216250006669-8. (In Russ.)

26. Veredyuk O.V. (2013) Instability of Employment: Theoretical Concept and Assessment of its Scale in Russia. Bulletin of Saint Petersburg University. Economy [St Petersburg University Journal of Economic Studies]. Vol. 1: 25-32. (In Russ.)

27. Vives A., González F., Moncada S. et al. (2015) Measuring precarious employment in times of crisis: the revised employment precariousness scale (EPRES) in Spain. Gaceta Sanitaria. Vol. 29: 379-82. DOI: 10.1016/j.gaceta.2015.06.008.

Система Orphus