Phenomenon of Chinese Labor: Difficulties in Finding Jobs for Chinese Graduates and "Acute Shortage of Labor"

Publication type Article
Status Published
Occupation: Associate Professor
Affiliation: Jilin Normal University
Address: China, Siping City
Occupation: Associate Professor
Affiliation: National Research University Higher School of Economics (St. Petersburg)
Address: Russian Federation, Saint-Petersburg
Occupation: Associate Professor
Affiliation: St. Petersburg State University
Address: Russian Federation, St. Petersburg
Journal nameSotsiologicheskie issledovaniya
EditionIssue 8

The article is dedicated to the problem of a shortage of workers in the real sector of the PRC economy, primarily in material production. Analysis of the current trend shows that Chinese youth are not ready to work in low-paid jobs. It is noted that the discrepancy between the needs and social aspirations of people in society and the relatively backward material production, work on which is considered hard and low-paid, has gradually matured, intensified during the period of the beginning of economic reforms manifesting in full force in modern society. A main reasons for the current socio-economic problem is associated with the unresolved contradiction between labor demand and supply in the Chinese socio-economic system. It is concluded that there is a need to further align education system and the needs of the market, in particular, to create a professional training system for highly qualified personnel urgently required in the economy, to develop existing talents in new industries, such as information security, software development, network engineering, communication engineering, new energy vehicles, etc.

Keywordsdifficulties in finding a job, labor shortage, Chinese graduates, talent management in the PRC, middle class in China, the PRC education system
AcknowledgmentThis article is the interim result of a research project in the humanities and social sciences of Jilin Province. Project number: JJKH2021467SK.
Publication date27.09.2021
Number of characters33894
100 rub.
When subscribing to an article or issue, the user can download PDF, evaluate the publication or contact the author. Need to register.

Number of purchasers: 0, views: 895

Readers community rating: votes 0

1. 中国产业研究院 [China Industry Research Institute (In Chinese)]. URL: (accessed 01.03.2020).

2. 崔双杰 (2010).激励视角下“用工荒”现象的研究 [Cui Shuangjie. Research on the phenomenon of "labor shortage" from the perspective of motivation. Journal of Shanxi University (Higher Education Edition)ю (In Chinese)]

3. 习近平(2017).决胜全面建成小康社会夺取新时代中国特色社会主义伟大胜利. 在中国共产党第十九次全.国代表大会上的报告. 北京:人民出版社, 2017 [Xi Jinping. A decisive victory to build a well-off society in an all-round way to win the great victory of socialism with Chinese specific in the new era. Report at the XIX th National Congress of the Communist Party of China. Beijing: People’s Publishing House. (In Chinese)]

4. Bai Limin. (2006) Graduate Unemployment: Dilemmas and Challenges in China's Move to Mass Higher Education// The China Quarterly. Cambridge University Press on behalf of the School of Oriental and African Studies. No. 185: 128–144.

5. Cai Yuzhuo. (2011) Chinese higher education reforms and tendencies: Implications for Norwegian higher education in cooperating with China. SIU Report Norway, Norwegian Centre for International Cooperation in Education (SIU). No. 4: 1–69.

6. Chen Hon Fai. (2018) Chinese Sociology. State-Building and the Institutionalization of Globally Circulated Knowledge. Palgrave Macmillan.

7. China Statistical Yearbook 2017. URL: (accessed 15.01.2020).

8. China Statistical Yearbook 2018. URL: (accessed 13.06.2021).

9. China Statistical Yearbook 2019. URL: (accessed 15.01.2020).

10. From Iron Rice Bowl to Informalization: Markets, Workers, and the State in a Changing China. (2011) Ed. by Sarosh Kuruvilla, Ching Kwan Lee and Mary E. Gallagher. Ithaca, NY; London: Cornell University Press.

11. Ghose A.K (2005) Employment in China. Recent trends and future challenges. In: Employment Strategy Papers 2005/14. International Labour Organization.

12. Li Cheng (2016) Chinese politics in the Xi Jinping era: Reassessing collective leadership. Brookings Institution Press.

13. Marioulas, J. (2017) China: A World Leader in Graduation Rates. International Higher Education. No. (90): 28-29.

14. Russian Federation. The UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS). URL: (accessed 15.01.2020).

15. Wang D. D (2019). Performance-based resource allocation for higher education institutions in China. Socio-Economic Planning Sciences. Vol. 65

16. Yaisawarng S., Ng Y.C. (2014) The impact of higher education reform on research performance of Chinese universities. China Economic Review. Vol. 31.

17. Zhao Yong. (2014) Who's Afraid of the Big Bad Dragon?: Why China Has the Best (and Worst) Education System in the World. John Wiley & Sons Incorporated

Система Orphus