Sociology in the Age of ‘Artificial Sociality’: Search of New Bases

 
PIIS013216250008489-0-1
DOI10.31857/S013216250008489-0
Publication type Article
Status Published
Authors
Occupation: Chairperson of Comparative Sociology Department
Affiliation: St. Petersburg State University
Address: Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg
Occupation: Researcher at the Department of Sociology
Affiliation: St. Petersburg State University
Address: Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg
Occupation: Assistant Professor of Comparative Sociology Department
Affiliation: St. Petersburg State University
Address: Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg
Journal nameSotsiologicheskie issledovaniya
EditionIssue 2
Pages3-12
Abstract

Interrelations between artificial intelligence and human beings outline one of the most exciting fields in contemporary social inquiry. This paper aims to stimulate discussion among professional sociologists regarding new social reality that the authors call “artificial sociality”. The paper brings in suggestions concerning theoretical and methodological frames for studying artificial sociality. It also attempts to proceed beyond various understandings of the Internet and online culture to the practice of interactions and social intercourse in reality of artificial sociality. The paper examines the ways in which artificial sociality might be exercised in identifiable sociological research. It also criticizes a self-conception of sociology as “weak” science that is always late in considering technological transformations. The paper argues that sociology has powerful theoretical tools to analyze artificial sociality; however, the social science should proactively change hand in hand with the changes in social reality.

Keywordsartificial sociality, social interaction, artificial intelligence, online
Acknowledgment Work on this paper was supported by Russian Science Foundation, porject No. 18-18-00097.
Received27.02.2020
Publication date16.03.2020
Number of characters29262
Cite  
100 rub.
When subscribing to an article or issue, the user can download PDF, evaluate the publication or contact the author. Need to register.

Number of purchasers: 0, views: 2501

Readers community rating: votes 0

1. Резаев А.В., Трегубова Н.Д. Мир общения в социологическом измерении. М.: Университетская книга, 2017. [Rezaev A.V., Tregubova N.D. (2017) The world of Communication in the Sociological Dimension. Moscow: Universitetskaja kniga. (In Russ.)]

2. Резаев А.В., Трегубова Н.Д. «Искусственный интеллект», «онлайн-культура», «искусственная социальность»: определение понятий // Мониторинг общественного мнения: экономические и социальные перемены. 2019. № 6. С. ?. [Rezaev A.V., Tregubova N.D. (2019). Monitoring of Public Opinion: Economic and Social Changes. 2019. No. 6: ?. (In Russ.)]

3. Тённис Ф. Общность и общество // Социологический журнал. 1998. №3/4. С. 207‑229. [Tönnies F. (1998) Community and Society. Sociological Journal. No. 3/4: 207‑229. (In Russ.)]

4. Dreyfus H. L. (2009) On the Internet. 2nd ed. Routledge.

5. Esposito E. (2017) Artificial Communication? The Production of Contingency by Algorithms. Zeitschrift für Soziologie. Vol. 46. No. 4: 249‑265.

6. Fox J., Moreland J.J. (2015) The Dark Side of Social Networking Sites: An Exploration of the Relational and Psychological Stressors Associated with Facebook Use and Affordances. Computers in Human Behavior. Vol. 45: 168‑176.

7. International Telecommunication Union, CT Facts and Figures. (2017) URL: www.itu.int/en/ITU-D/Statistics/Documents/facts/ICTFactsFigures2017.pdf (accessed 17.12.18).

8. Latour B., Jensen P., Venturini T., Grauwin S., Boullier D. (2012) “The Whole is Always Smaller than its Parts”: A Digital Test of Gabriel Tardes’ Monads. British Journal of Sociology. Vol. 63. No. 4: 590‑615.

9. Leiner D. J., Kobilke L., Rueß C., Brosius H.-B. (2018) Functional Domains of Social Media Platforms: Structuring the Uses of Facebook to Better Understand its Gratifications. Computers in Human Behavior. Vol. 83: 194‑203.

10. Malsch T. (2005) Kommunikationsanschlüsse. Zur Soziologischen Differenz von Realer und Künstlicher Sozialität, VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften: Wiesbaden.

11. Malsch T. (ed.) (1998) Sozionik: Soziologische Ansichten über Künstlicher Sozialität. Edition Sigma.

12. Pak J. (2018) How does China's social credit system work? Marketplace. URL: www.marketplace.org/2018/02/13/world/qa-china-s-social-credit-system (accessed 17.12.18).

13. Pariser E. (2011) The Filter Bubble: How the New Personalized Web Is Changing What We Read and How We Think, Penguin.

14. Rezaev A.V., Tregubova N.D. (2018) Are sociologists ready for ‘artificial sociality’? Current issues and future prospects for studying artificial intelligence in the social sciences. Мониторинг общественного мнения: экономические и социальные перемены [Monitoring of Public Opinion: Economic and Social Changes]. No. 5: 91‑108.

15. Ruppert E., Law J., Savage M. (2013) Reassembling Social Science Methods: The Challenge of Digital Devices. Theory, Culture & Society. Vol. 30. Issue 4: 22‑46.

16. Russell S.J., Norvig P. (2016) Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach, 3rd ed. Pearson Education.

17. Shirky C. (2008) Here Comes Everybody: The Power of Organizing without Organizations, Allen Lane.

18. Snyder T. (2017) On Tyranny: Twenty Lessons from the Twentieth Century, Tim Duggan Books.

19. Suchman L. (2007) Human-Machine Reconfigurations. Plans and Situated Actions (2nd ed.), Cambridge University Press.

20. Turkle S. (2005) The Second Self: Computers and the Human Spirit (20th anniversary ed.). MIT Press.

21. Turkle S. (2011) Alone Together: Why We Expect More from Technology and Less from Each Other. Basic Books.

22. Turner J. (2002) Face to Face: Toward a Sociological Theory of Interpersonal Behavior. Stanford University Press.

23. Twenge J. M. (2006) Generation Me: Why Today's Young Americans are More Confident, Assertive, Entitled – and More Miserable than Ever Before. New York, NY, US: Free Press.

24. Twenge J. M. (2017) iGen: Why Today’s Super-Connected Kids Are Growing Up Less Rebellious, More Tolerant, Less Happy – and Completely Unprepared for Adulthood – and What That Means for the Rest of Us. Atria Books.

25. Wolfe A. (1993) The Human Difference: Animals, Computers, and the Necessity of Social Science. University of California Press.

Система Orphus

Loading...
Up