Restructuring of Multilateralism and Inclusive Development of the SCO

Publication type Article
Status Published
Occupation: Lecturer
Affiliation: Institute for Central Asian Studies, School of Politics and International Relations, Lanzhou University
Address: 222, Tianshuinan street, Lanzhou, 730000, China
Occupation: Associate Professor
Affiliation: Far Eastern Federal University
Address: 690092, Ajax 10, Russkiy island, Vladivostok, Russia
Journal nameProblemy Dalnego Vostoka
EditionIssue 3

Unlike the multilateral institutions of the past, formed by hegemons in accordance with their interests, the SCO multilateral format has given a new impetus to inclusive multilateral regional cooperation. In order to promote inclusive cooperation in Eurasia, the SCO member states have formulated strategic plans for cooperation in the main subregions and key areas of organization’s activities. New SCO plans to intensify cooperation take into account the principle of inclusiveness, and promote a system interests compatibility between members. Taking into consideration the relatively vague and "blurred" forms of cooperation between the member states, an increase in the SCO membership can create both new challenges and contribute to the emergence of new formats of interaction. Thus, the introduction of new forms of small multilateralism may become relevant for increasing the effectiveness of the SCO. Cooperation within the framework of new formats of small multilateralism should be established in accordance with the political preferences and readiness of the SCO Member States in order to increase the effectiveness of intra-organizational interaction. Institutional flexibility in pragmatic cooperation brings mutually beneficial results and has great potential for extending the format of such cooperation to a wide range of issues. An inclusive approach and multilateral cooperation within the framework of the SCO helps to strengthen cooperation in various fields and contribute to the creation of a democratic and fair political and economic environment. It seems that China and Russia, as the leading powers in the SCO, will be interested in promoting new formats of cooperation and reforming the regional system of interaction. The combination of classical large-scale multilateralism with small forms of multilateral cooperation within the SCO will help to deal with the current difficulties in regional governance and improve the effectiveness of the organization.

Keywordsnew multilateralism, small multilateralism, new plurilateralism, multilateral institutions, inclusive cooperation, international cooperation in Central Asia, multilateral cooperation in Eurasia
Publication date28.06.2023
Number of characters40544
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