Chinese Policy in Latin America: Lessons and Risks for Spain

Publication type Article
Status Published
Occupation: Senior lecturer at the Department of Linguistics and Professional Communication in the Sphere of Media Technologies
Affiliation: Institute of International Relations and Social and Political Sciences, Moscow State Linguistic University
Address: 38, Ostozhenka st., Moscow, 119034, Russian Federation
Occupation: specialist in educational and methodical work, graduate student
Affiliation: Moscow State Linguistic University
Address: Russia, Moscow
Journal nameProblemy Dalnego Vostoka
EditionIssue 1

In the past two decades, Latin American countries and China have strengthened cooperation in such areas as politics, economy, finance, culture, and military sphere. In these relations each party pursues its own goals: China, for example, is looking for access to new sources of raw materials and markets, as well as support on some sensitive issues on the international agenda, such as the problem of human rights or the status of Taiwan. Latin America seeks new sources of finance, and technology, as well as the diversification of foreign policy ties. Sino-Latin American relations are most active in the sphere of economy, investment and lending, that increases the interdependence between China and the countries of the region and even the dependence on Chinese funding. At the same time, despite gradual growth, social and cultural contacts between parties remain limited, and that constrains the development of mutual understanding between them. The strengthening of Beijing's position in Latin America logically arouses Spain's fears, as the region has always been a historical space for its foreign policy; Spain's position and attractiveness there are gradually declining. However, since cooperation with China contributes to the development of Latin American countries, it can play a positive role for Spain and creates an opportunity for building ties between Spanish and Chinese institutions. Thus, the article is devoted to the problem of the influence of the development of Sino-Latin American relations on the role of Spain as a traditional foreign policy partner of the region. The authors conclude that in the context of the growth of partnership between Latin America and China, Spain will have to look for ways to cooperate with Chinese entities, trying to maintain its role in the region and derive benefits from such cooperation.

KeywordsSino-Latin American relations, Spanish-Latin American relations, China, Spain, Latin America
Publication date17.03.2023
Number of characters36526
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