Рost-Soviet Authoritarism

 
PIIS086904990011502-4-1
Publication type Article
Status Published
Authors
Occupation: Professor
Affiliation: Department of Political Science, National Research University Higher School of Economics
Address: 20, Myasnitskaya st., Moscow, 101000, Russian Federation
Occupation: Lead Researcher
Affiliation: Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IMEMO RAS)
Address: 23, Profsoyuznaya st., Moscow 117997, Russian Federation
Journal nameObshchestvennye nauki i sovremennost
EditionIssue 4
Pages84-97
Abstract

The problems of rise and establishment of authoritarian regimes in the post-soviet states are considered in the article. The authors analyze the reasons of failure of democratic transition in the new independent countries. Among these reasons they point out the lack of strong traditions of civil society, the fact that in the Soviet Union “revolution of values” did not precede anti-communist revolution in 1991. The important reason for a suspension of democratic changes is that the new ruling classes which monopolized power and ownership in the post-soviet states and are not interested in further market and democratic reforms. In their analyses of the reasons of stability of authoritarian regimes the authors give the main attention to the impact of such factors as the institute of power-ownership, nomenclatura as a ruling class and patronal state. At the same time factors that restrict opportunities for authoritarian developments in post-soviet state considered in the article are: competing political identities in society; balance of forces between regional elites; de-nomenclaturization of political elite. It is noted that the main obstacle on the way of democratic transformation is the lack of political and social actors in the post-soviet states interested in such changes. 

Keywordstwo-sided (multi-sided) markets, indirect network externalities, platforms, transaction costs, digital economy, standardization
Received13.09.2020
Publication date17.08.2017
Number of characters1289
Cite   Download pdf To download PDF you should sign in
Размещенный ниже текст является ознакомительной версией и может не соответствовать печатной

views: 38

Readers community rating: votes 0

1. Djilas M. (1992) Novy klass [The new class]. Litso totalitarizma [The Face of Totalitarianism]. Moscow: Novosti.

2. Hale Henry H. (2015) Patronal Politics: Eurasian regime Dynamics in Comparative Prospective. New York: Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press.

3. Hellman J. (1998) Winners Take All. The Politics of Partial Reforms in Postcommunist Transition. World Politics, vol. 50, no. 2, pp. 203–234.

4. Karozers T. (2003) Konets paradigmy tranzita [The End of the Transition Paradigm]. Politicheskaya nauka, no. 2, pp. 42–65.

5. Kryshtanovskaya O. (2005) Anatomiia Rossiiskoi Elity [Anatomy of the Russian Elite]. M.: Zakharov.

6. Lenin V. Grozyaschaya katastrofa i kak s nei borot’sya [Threatening Catastrophe and How Fight against it]. Complete Works. Moscow: Politizdat, vol. 34, pp. 155–199.

7. Levada Yu. (2004) “Chelovek sovetskiy” [“The Soviet Man”] (http://www.polit.ru/article/2004/04/15/levada).

8. Nations in Transit (2016) (www.freedomhouse.org).

9. Nisnevich Yu. (2007) Audit politicheskoi sistemy postkommunisticheskoi Rossii [Audit of Political System of the Postcommunist Russia]. Moscow: Materik.

10. Nisnevich Yu., Ryabov A. (2016) Sovremennyi avtoritarizm i politicheskaya ideologiia [Modern Authoritarianism and Political Ideology]. Polis, no. 4, pp. 162–181.

11. Nisnevich Yu. (2017) Sovremennyi avtoritarizm i korruptsiia [Modern Authoritarianism and Corruption]. Mirovaya ekonomika i mezhdunarodnye otnosheniia, no. 1, pp. 94–106.

12. Nureev R., Latov Yu. (2016). Ekonomicheskaya istoriia Rossii (opyt institutsional’nogo analiza): uchebnoe posobie [Economic History of Russia (experience of institutional analysis): training aide]. Moscow: KNORUS.

13. Olson M. (2012) Vlast’ i protsvetanie. Pererastaya kommunisticheskie i kapitalisticheskie diktatury [Power and Prosperity Outgrowing Communist and Capitalist Dictatorships]. Moscow: Novoe Izdatel’stvo.

14. Parlament Gruzii edinoglasno prinyal Hartiyu svobodi [Georgian Parliament unanimously adopted a “Charter of Freedom”] (2013) (http://www.newsgeorgia. ru//politics/20110531/213967718.html).

15. Pliskevich N. (2006). “Vlast-sobstvennost” v sovremennoi Rossii: proiskhozhdenie i perspektivy mutatsii [Power-Ownership in Modern Russia: Origin and Prospects of Mutations]. Mir Rossii, no. 3, pp. 62–113.

16. Ryabov A. (2010) Democratizatsiia i modernizatsiia v kontekste transformatsii postsovetskih stran [Democratization and Modernization in the Context of the Transformation of Post-Soviet States]. Demokratizatsiia i Modernizatsiia: k diskussii o vyzovah XXI veka [Democracy versus Modernization. A Dilemma for Russia and for the World]. Moscow: Evropa.

17. Shevtsova L. (2001) Russia’s Hybrid Regime. Journal of Democracy, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 65–70.

18. Trotskiy L. (1991) Predannaya revolyutsiia [Betrayed Revolution]. Moscow: NII Kultury.

19. Tsyrlya B., Chobanu V. (2013) Oligarkhicheskaya Moldova [The Oligarchical Moldova]. Kishineu: Natcionalny institute razvitiya.

20. Voslenskiy M. (2005) Nomenklatura. Gospodstvuyschiy klass Sovetskogo Soyuza [The Nomenclatura. Ruling Class of the Soviet Union]. Moscow: Zakharov.

Система Orphus

Loading...
Up