European Historical Science of the Late 1930s ‒ Early 1940s: International Connections and Chimeras of Isolation

 
PIIS013038640020245-7-1
DOI10.31857/S013038640020245-7
Publication type Article
Status Published
Authors
Affiliation: Institute of World History RAS
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Journal nameNovaia i noveishaia istoriia
EditionIssue 3
Pages172-182
Abstract

In the late 1930s and early 1940s, European science plunged into a period of regional isolation and the breakdown of established international ties. As a result, rumour replaced reliable verifiable information. A notable case in point was the attempt to celebrate the 70th anniversary of M.I. Rostovtzeff (1870‒1952), a prominent historian of the first half of the twentieth century, who lived and worked in the United States. In the run-up to the anniversary, rumours of the death of Rostovtzeff began to circulate among immigrant historians in Eastern and Southeastern Europe. Unable either to verify reports of his death or to verify that Rostovtzeff was alive, European academic community declined both to commemorate the anniversary and to hold memorial events. Perhaps it was the director of the Kondakov Institute in Prague in 1939‒1945, N.E. Andreev who disseminated rumours about the death of M.I. Rostovtzeff, thus trying to avoid involving the European and North American academic community in the celebration, which would have necessitated publicly soliciting the support of the pro-Nazi authorities of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, on which the Institute depended. Throughout the period of the II World War, colleagues could not get acquainted with each other’s work. In the post-war period, the structure of European science did not return to the point of the beginning of the crisis of the late 1930s. The new transformation was due to the redistribution of spheres of political influence in Central and Eastern Europe and the formation of new barriers to scientific communication.

Keywordshumanities, scholars, academic policy, international cooperation, M.I. Rostovtzeff, Russian emigration, European countries
Received08.02.2022
Publication date20.06.2022
Number of characters29313
Cite  
100 rub.
When subscribing to an article or issue, the user can download PDF, evaluate the publication or contact the author. Need to register.

Number of purchasers: 0, views: 322

Readers community rating: votes 0

1. Ananiev V.G., Bukharin M.D. “Vse gore v zverinoj nenavisti k vizantinovedeniyu …”: V.N. Beneshevich i Akademiya nauk SSSR v 1933–1937 gg. [“All Grief is in Animal Hatred to Byzantine Studies...”: V.N. Beneshevich and the USSR Academy of Sciences in 1933‒1937] // Vizantijskii Vremennik [Byzantine Studies]. 2019. Vol. 103. S. 314–340. (In Russ.)

2. Andreev N.E. To, chto vspominaetsya: iz semejnyh vospominanij Nikolaya Efremovicha Andreeva (1908‒1982) [What is Remembered: from the Family Memories of Nikolai Efremovich Andreev] / eds E.N. and D.G. Andreevs. 2nd ed. Sankt-Peterburg, 2019. (In Russ.)

3. Bongard-Levin G.M., Bukharin M.D., Tunkina I.V. Skifskij mir M.I. Rostovceva i E.H. Minnza [Scythian World of M.I. Rostovtzeff and E.H. Minns] // Parfyanskii vystrel [Parthian Shot] / eds G.M. Bongard-Levin, Yu.N. Litvinenko. Moskva, 2003. S. 477‒545. (In Russ.)

4. Bongard-Levin G.M., Tunkina I.V. Pis'ma M.I. Rostovceva A.V. Tyrkooj-Vil'yams i G. Vil'yamsu [Letter of M.I. Rostovtzeff to A.V. Tyrkova-Williams and G. Williams] // Skifskii Roman [Scythian Novel] / ed. G.M. Bongard-Levin. Moskva, 1997. S. 461‒501. (In Russ.)

5. Dmitriev A.N., Sveshnikov A.V. Obrazovanie i nauka [Education and Science] // Vsemirnaya istoriia: v 6 t. 2nd ed. Vol. 6. Kn. 1. Mir v XX veke: Epoha global'nyh transformatsii. [World History: in 6 vols. Vol. 6. World in 20th century: Epoch of Global Transformations] / ed. A.O. Chubaryan. Moskva, 2019. S. 199‒228. (In Russ.)

6. Klyuev A.I., Sveshnikov A.V. Migraciya ili emigraciya. O geograficheskoj mobil'nosti sovetskih medievistov v 1920–1930-e gg. [Migration or emigration. On the geographical Mobility of Soviet Medievalists in the 1920–1930s] // Dialog so vremenem. Al'manah intellektual'noj istorii [Dialogue with time. Almanac of Intellectual History]. 2013. Iss. 45. S. 131‒143. (In Russ.)

7. Kovalev M.V. “Na etih s’ezdah my rastem i svoih, i v chuzhih glazakh…”. Iz istorii nauchnyh kommunikatsii russkoi emigracii (1921–1930) [“At these Congresses we Grow both our own and in the Eyes of Others...”. From the History of Scientific Communications of Russian Emigration (1921‒1930)] // Rossiya XXI. 2013. № 5. S. 84–107. (In Russ.)

8. Pokivailova T.A. Informacionnaya blokada regiona: mekhanizmy dejstviya [Information Blockade of the Region: Mechanisms of Functioning] // Volokitina T.V., Murashko G.L., Noskova A.F., Pokivailova T.A. Moskva i Vostochnaya Evropa. Stanovlenie politicheskih rezhimov sovetskogo tipa (1949‒1953): ocherki istorii [Moscow and Eastern Europe. The Formation of Soviet-type Political Modes (1949‒1953): essays on History]. Moskva, 2002. S. 380‒426. (In Russ.)

9. Yanchenko V.D. Nikolai Karlovich Kul'man (k 135-letiyu so dnya rozhdeniya) [Nikolai Karlovich Kulman (on the 135th Anniversary)] // Russkii yazyk v shkole [Russian Language at School]. 2006. № 5. S. 46‒49. (In Russ.)

10. Bennett B.M., Hodge J.M. Science and Empire: Knowledge across the British Empire, 1800–1970. Basingstoke, 2011.

11. Chakrabarti P., Worboys M. Science and Imperialism since 1870 // The Cambridge History of Science. Vol. 8. Modern Science in National, Transnational, and Global Context / eds Н. Slotten, R. Numbers, D. Livingstone. Cambridge, 2020. Р. 9‒31.

12. Coser L.A. Refugee Scholars in America. Their Impact and Their Experiences. New Haven, 1984.

13. Fátima Nunes M. de. The History of Science in Portugal (1930‒1940): the Sphere of Action of a Scientific Community // E-Journal of Portuguese History. 2004. Vol. 2/2. Р. 1‒17.

14. MacLeod R.M. On Visiting the “Moving Metropolis”: Reflections on the Architecture of Imperial Science // Historical Records of Australian Science. 1982. Vol. 5. № 3. P. 1‒16.

15. Petitjean P. Science and the “Civilizing Mission”: France and the Colonial Enterprise // Science across the European Empires 1800–1950 / ed. B. Stutchey. Oxford, 2005. P. 107–128.

Система Orphus

Loading...
Up