Temporary employment in Europe

 
PIIS013122270001325-8-1
DOI
Publication type Article
Status Published
Authors
Affiliation: Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russian Academy of Sciences (IMEMO)
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Journal nameMirovaia ekonomika i mezhdunarodnye otnosheniia
EditionVolume 62 Issue 9
Pages36-47
Abstract

Evolution of the labor market in European countries is associated with the spread of various nonstandard

forms of employment. One of these forms is temporary employment which assumes fixed-term labor

contracts. This regime of labor relations affects different groups of workers and is accompanied by erosion

of the existing social protection model. Using data from Eurostat and OECD, the author discusses main

trends and structural properties of such employment, shows its heterogeneity and the ambiguity of social

consequences. On the one hand, fixed-term labor contracts are extended, first of all, among low-skilled

and low-educated workers. However, an actual alternative to such contracts for this group of workers is

non-employment which can hardly be a good substitute. On the other hand, fixed-term contracts are often

applied to apprentices and trainees. In this case, they facilitate transition to permanent jobs. Vulnerability in

the labor market relates probably not so much to the type of labor contract as to the quality of the human

capital that workers possess. Those with the modern human capital have stronger labor market positions

regardless of the type of a contract. On the contrast, the low quality of a human capital increases vulnerability

of workers’ labor market positions and exposes them to inferior labor relations. Under certain conditions,

temporary employment can really become a problem for employees. Low-paid short-term contracts without

social protection could be a “trap” of vulnerable employment and poverty for unskilled workers who have

weak positions in the labor market. The situation for young people is especially serious today, and their

entry into the labor market is often difficult. Both the scale and structural characteristics of temporary

employment are an outcome of the acting labor market institutions, and a viable solution to this problem

relates to reforms of these institutions.

Keywordsnon-standard employment, temporary employment, fixed-term contracts, segmented labor market, precarious employment, employment protection legislation
Received03.10.2018
Publication date03.10.2018
Number of characters538
Cite   Download pdf To download PDF you should sign in
Размещенный ниже текст является ознакомительной версией и может не соответствовать печатной

views: 669

Readers community rating: votes 0

1. Employment Statistics. Eurostat. Available at: http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php/Employment_statistics (accessed 17.03.2018).

2. Precarious Employment in Europe: Patterns, Trends and Policy Strategies. 2016. Available at: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/STUD/2016/587285/IPOL_STU%282016%29587285_EN.pdf (accessed 18.03.2018).

3. OECD Employment Outlook 2014. Paris, OECD 2014. 294p.

4. Kalleberg A. Precarious Work, Insecure Workers: Employment Relations in Transition. American Sociological Review, 2009, vol. 74, no. 1, pp. 1-22.

5. Boeri T. Institutional Reforms and Dualism in European Labor Markets. Handbook of Labor Economics, 2011, vol. 4, part B, pp. 1173-1236.

6. Stending G. The Precariat. The New Dangerous Class. London, Bloomsbury Academic, 2011. 209 p.

7. Eichhorst W. Fixed-term Contracts. Are Fixed-term Contracts a Stepping Stone to a Permanent Job or a Dead End? IZA World of labor, 2014, no. 45. doi:10.15185/izawol.45 wol.iza.org

8. Hagen T. Do Fixed-Term Contracts Increase the Long-term Employment Opportunities of the Unemployed? ZEW Discussion Paper, 2003, no. 03-49. Available at: https://www.econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/23984/1/dp0349.pdf (accessed 17.03.2018).

9. Booth A., Francesconi M., Frank J. Temporary Jobs: Stepping Stones or Dead Ends? Economic Journal, 2002, vol. 112, issue 480, pp. 189-213.

10. McVicar D., Wooden M., Yin King. Contingent Employment and Labour Market Pathways: Bridge or Trap? IZA DP, May 2017, no. 10768. 31 p.

11. OECD stat. Available at: http://stats.oecd.org (accessed 12.01.2018).

12. European Social Survey 2014. Available at: www.europeansocialsurvey.org (accessed 15.03.2018).

13. Eurofound (2017). Non-standard Forms of Employment: Recent Trends and Future Prospects. Available at: https://www.eurofound.europa.eu/sites/default/files/ef_publication/field_ef_document/ef1746en.pdf (accessed 15.03.2018).

14. Developments in Employment, Income, and Skills. McKinsey Global Institute 2017. Available at: https://www.mckinsey.com/global-themes/employment-and-growth/technology-jobs-and-the-future-of-work (accessed 15.03.2018).

15. Schmid G. Flexibility and Secure Labour Market Transitions: Towards Institutional Capacity Building in the Digital Economy. IZA Policy Paper, 2016, no. 116. 33 p.

16. Trends in International Migrant Stock: The 2017 Revision. Available at: http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/migration/data/estimates2/estimates17.shtml (accessed 17.02.2018).

17. Kalleberg A. Nonstandard Employment Relations: Part-Time, Temporary and Contract Work. Annual Review of Sociology, 2000, vol. 26, pp. 341-365.

18. Gimpel'son V., Kapelyushnikov R., red. Nestandartnaya zanyatost'. Moskva, VShEh, 2006. 398 s. [Gimpel’son V., Kapelyushnikov R., eds. Nestandartnaya zanyatost’ [Non-standard employment]. Moscow, VShE, 2006. 398 p.]

19. Atkinson A. Inequality. What Can Be Done? London, Harvard University Press. 2015. 384 p.

20. OECD Employment outlook 2002. Paris, OECD, 2002. 336 p.

21. Labour Market and Labour Force Survey (LFS) Statistics. Eurostat. Available at: http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php/Labour_market_and_Labour_force_survey_ (LFS)_statistics#Precarious_employment (accessed 14.03.2018).

22. Guest D., Clinton M. Temporary Employment Contracts, Workers’ Well-Being and Behaviour: Evidence from the UK. Department of Management King’s College London, Working Paper, 2006, no. 38. 33 p.

23. Dawson D., Veliziotis M. Temporary Employment, Job Satisfaction and Subjective Well-being. Economics Working Paper Series 1309, July 2013. 28 p.

24. Zijl M., van den Berg G., Heyma A. Stepping Stones for the Unemployed: The Effect of Temporary Jobs on the Duration until Regular Work. IZA Discussion Paper, 2008, no. 1241. 31 p.

25. Ichino A., Mealli F., Nannicini T. From Temporary Help Jobs to Permanent Employment: What Can We Learn from Matching Estimators and Their Sensitivity? Journal of Applied Econometrics, 2008, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 305-327.

26. Picchio M. Temporary Contracts and Transitions to Stable Jobs in Italy. Labour, 2008, vol. 22, Special Issue, pp. 145-174.

27. Amuedo-Dorantes, C. Work Transitions into and out of Involuntary Employment in a Segmented Market: Evidence from Spain. Industrial Labor Relations Review, 2000, vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 309-325.

28. Blanchard O., Landier A. The Perverse Effects of Partial Labour Market Reform: Fixed-term Contracts in France. The Economic Journal, 2002, vol. 112, issue 480, pp. 214-244.

Система Orphus

Loading...
Up